Family:
Meliaceae Juss.

Carapa Aubl.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical America, Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Meliaceae, Styles & F. White (Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Trees of very variable habit and size
Morphology Leaves
Leaves usually paripinnate and with an apical gland, or exceptionally imparipinnate, often crowded at the ends of stout branchlets
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers 4–5(–6)-merous, unisexual, in large much-branched panicles
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx small, lobed almost to the base; lobes imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 4–5(–6), slightly contorted, spreading in open flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Staminal tube urceolate, very similar to that of Khaya
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk cushion-shaped, surrounding the base of the ovary and free from the staminal tube
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 4–5(–6)-locular, with 2–8 ovules in each locule; style-head discoid with a crenulate margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a large, pendulous, leathery, subglobose septifragal capsule, which falls from the tree entire and breaks open on striking the ground; columella poorly developed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds large, usually about 12–20, subangular, with a woody but buoyant outer covering.

Native to:

Belize, Benin, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Honduras, Ivory Coast, Leeward Is., Liberia, Mali, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Togo, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zaïre

Introduced into:

Vietnam

Carapa Aubl. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 1, 2009 Etuge, M. [4889], Cameroon K000518759 No
Sep 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [8008], Cameroon K000518760 No
Sep 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [8008], Cameroon K000580212 No
Sep 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [8008], Cameroon K000580211 No
Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [5516], Cameroon K000580214 No
Jan 1, 2009 Cheek, M. [5516], Cameroon K000518761 No
Jan 1, 1994 Watts, J. [632], Cameroon K000436144 No
Jan 1, 1994 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [733], Cameroon K000437520 No
Cazalet, P. [5044], Ecuador 22675.000 No
Pennington, R.T. [327], Guyana 29047.777 No
Cheek, M. [7361], Cameroon K000460134 No

First published in Hist. Pl. Guiane 2(Suppl.): 32 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Kenfack, D. (2011). A synoptic revision of Carapa (Meliaceae) Harvard Papers in Botany 16: 171-231.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Harms in E. & P. Pflanzenfam 19B, 1: 77 (1940).
  • —F.T.A. 1: 336

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hist. Pl. Guiane. Fr. 2, Suppl.: 32, t. 387 (1775)
  • Noamesi, A revision of the Xylocarpeae, unpublished thesis University of Wisconsin: 35 (1958)
  • Pennington & Styles in Blumea 22: 524 (1975)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0