Citrus L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 782 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Himalaya to S. Central & S. Japan and SW. Pacific.


Native to:

Assam, Bangladesh, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Cambodia, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, East Himalaya, Hainan, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Maluku, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nicobar Is., Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Solomon Is., South Australia, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Thailand, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Benin, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Chad, Christmas I., Colombia, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Fiji, Florida, Galápagos, Gambia, Georgia, Gilbert Is., Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, India, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Korea, Leeward Is., Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Marianas, Marshall Is., Maryland, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Southeast, Mississippi, Missouri, Morocco, Mozambique, Nansei-shoto, Niger, Niue, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Romania, Réunion, Samoa, Santa Cruz Is., Society Is., Socotra, Somalia, South Carolina, Spain, Sri Lanka, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tunisia, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is.


Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Mabberley, D.J. (2022). A classification for edible citrus: an update, with a note on Murraya (Rutaceae). Telopea 25: 271-284.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2008). Flora of China 11: 1-622. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl. ed. 5: 341 (1754).
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 782 (1753)

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 2, (1999) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Swingle, The botany of Citrus and its wild relatives, in Webber & Batchelor, The Citrus Industry 1: 129–474 (1943)
  • Tanaka, Species problems in Citrus, Revisio Aurantiacearum IX (1954)
  • Townsend in Flora of Iraq 4(1): 465–473 (1980).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 341 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 782 (1753)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sands, M.J.S. [832], Papua New Guinea 29047.056 No
New Guinea 34478.000 No
Utteridge, T.M.A. [316], New Guinea 71256.000 No
70000.266 No


  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at and
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.
  • Trees of New Guinea

    • Trees of New Guinea