Flacourtia Comm. ex L'Hér.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa to SW. Pacific.

[FZ]

Flacourtiaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees; branches often spinose, trunk occasionally spinose.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves petiolate, mostly crenate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 4–7, slightly connate at the base, imbricate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 0.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers with an extrastaminal disk usually broken into free glands; stamens 15–?, anthers dorsifixed, rudiment of ovary 0. Female flowers with a usually entire or crenulate disk, ovary incompletely (2) 4–6 (10)-locular by false septa; ovules 2 per loculus one above the other; styles as many as the loculi, free or connate, persistent. Flowers dioecious, rarely bisexual, small, in short axillary racemes or solitary.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a fleshy berry with 4–16 seeds usually in pairs one above the other.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds obovoid; cotyledons ± orbicular.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, sometimes with spines
Morphology Leaves
Leaves entire or serrate-crenate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals lacking
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers: receptacle with a disk; ovary incompletely divided into usually 4–6 cells; styles as many as the locules, free or ± connate Male flowers: stamens 15 to numerous, surrounded by a ring of glands Flowers small, in short axillary racemes or solitary, unisexual or rarely bisexual. Sepals (3–)4–5(–7), imbricate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit fleshy with 4–16 seeds.
Distribution
Some 20 species in the Old World tropics, two of which in Africa.

[FTEA]

Flacourtiaceae, H. Sleumer (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or trees, sometimes with spiny branches and/or trunk
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, entire or serrate-crenate, penninerved, petiolate, exstipulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious, or rarely bisexual, small, in short axillary racemes, sometimes reduced to a solitary flower Female flowers: sepals as in the ♂ flowers. Receptacle with an entire, crenulate or lobed disk. Ovary sessile, incompletely (2–)4–6(–8)-locular by false septa; placentas 4–8, pluri-ovulate, with 2 ovules per locule one above the other; styles as many as the locules, free or ± connate, persistent; stigmas small, inflated or shortly 2-lobed Male flowers: stamens 15 to numerous, inserted on a receptacle which bears an extra-staminal annular disk usually broken into ± free glands; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed. Rudiment of ovary 0
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (3–)4–5(–7), slightly connate at the base, imbricate in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 0
sex Male
Male flowers: stamens 15 to numerous, inserted on a receptacle which bears an extra-staminal annular disk usually broken into ± free glands; filaments filiform; anthers dorsifixed. Rudiment of ovary 0
sex Female
Female flowers: sepals as in the ♂ flowers. Receptacle with an entire, crenulate or lobed disk. Ovary sessile, incompletely (2–)4–6(–8)-locular by false septa; placentas 4–8, pluri-ovulate, with 2 ovules per locule one above the other; styles as many as the locules, free or ± connate, persistent; stigmas small, inflated or shortly 2-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a fleshy drupe with 4–16 seeds usually in pairs one above the other
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds obovoid-ellipsoid, somewhat flattened; testa crustaceous.

Native to:

Aldabra, Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, East Himalaya, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Niue, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Rwanda, Samoa, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Solomon Is., Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Tonga, Uganda, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bahamas, Cook Is., Dominican Republic, Hawaii, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mauritius, New Caledonia, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Taiwan, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Flacourtia Comm. ex L'Hér. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Pennington, T.D. [14055], Ecuador 29047.772 No
Pennington, T.D. [14055], Ecuador 58745.000 No
Carlson, B. [73], Madagascar 63566.000 No

First published in Stirp. Nov.: 59 (1786)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.
  • Killick, D.J.B. (1976). Flacourtiaceae (including Samydaceae) Flora of Southern Africa 22: 53-92. Botanical Research Institute, Department of Agriculture.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 120.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Stirp. Nov. 3: 59, t. 30, 31 (1786).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Stirp. Nov. 3: 59, t. 30 & 30/B (1786)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0