Symphonia L.f.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Mexico to Tropical America, Tropical Africa, Madagascar.

[FZ]

Guttiferae, N. K. B. Robson. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Medium or large trees, rarely shrubs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite, petiolate, entire, ± coriaceous, glabrous, with ± prominent venation, opaque or rarely with translucent glands.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal one- to many-flowered, corymbose or umbellate cyme.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pedicellate, bisexual.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, incurved at anthesis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Androecium of 5 fascicles of stamens united to form a tube round the ovary and 5 united fasciclodes forming an annulus outside the stamen tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 5-locular; loculi (1) few — ?-ovulate; styles 5, united below, spreading above; stigmas minute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a 1–3-seeded berry with tough epidermis.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds large, with a fibrous aril.

[FTEA]

Guttiferae, P. Bamps, N. Robson & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Medium or large trees, rarely shrubs, with yellowish sap
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or subopposite, with numerous parallel lateral nerves running into a submarginal nerve; secretory canals not very visible
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers hermaphrodite, in sessile cymes, umbels or corymbs at the apices of short lateral branches or rarely solitary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 5, imbricate, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, contorted, deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc cupuliform, ± 5-angled, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens joined into a tube surrounding the ovary, divided at the summit into groups of 2–6 anthers, deciduous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 5-locular, with 1–12 ovules in each locule; styles 5, joined at the base, then spreading-divergent at the apex, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries with 1(–3) seeds
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds arillate with a thick entire embryo.

Native to:

Angola, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burundi, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Colombia, Congo, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Nigeria, Panamá, Peru, Rwanda, Sierra Leone, Suriname, Tanzania, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre

Symphonia L.f. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
McWhirter, J. [217], Madagascar 31892.000 No
Tuley, P. [1074], Nigeria 39671.000 No
Harley, R.M. [22177], Brazil 72763.000 No

First published in Suppl. Pl.: 49 (1782)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 1: 163.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Suppl. Pl.: 49 (1781).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Suppl. Pl.: 49 (1781)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0