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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America.
Melothria pendula

[FTEA]

Cucurbitaceae, C. Jeffrey. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1967

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous climbers; stems sparsely crisped-hairy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, palmately lobed, petiolate
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils simple
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers rather small, yellow, monoecious Female flowers solitary, stalked; ovary subcylindrical, terete; ovules many, horizontal; perianth and disk as in ♂ flower; staminodes 3, short, subulate, inserted on tube; stigma 3-lobed Male flowers in shortly racemiform or subumbellate simple or compound pedunculate clusters, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes rather small, lanceolate; petals united at the base; stamens 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous, shortly inserted on about the middle of the tube; anthers subpeltate; thecae straight, apically hooked; disk cup-shaped, not distinct from base of receptacle-tube
sex Male
Male flowers in shortly racemiform or subumbellate simple or compound pedunculate clusters, pedicellate; receptacle-tube campanulate; lobes rather small, lanceolate; petals united at the base; stamens 3, 2 double 2-thecous, 1 single 1-thecous, shortly inserted on about the middle of the tube; anthers subpeltate; thecae straight, apically hooked; disk cup-shaped, not distinct from base of receptacle-tube
sex Female
Female flowers solitary, stalked; ovary subcylindrical, terete; ovules many, horizontal; perianth and disk as in ♂ flower; staminodes 3, short, subulate, inserted on tube; stigma 3-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit rather large, cylindrical-ellipsoid, rounded apically, smooth, rather firm-walled, fleshy, indehiscent, cream with green streaks
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds rather large, ovate in outline, compressed, smooth, pure white
Figures
Fig. 20, p. 118.

Native to:

Alabama, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Florida, French Guiana, Georgia, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Illinois, Indiana, Jamaica, Kansas, Kentucky, Leeward Is., Louisiana, Maryland, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nicaragua, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Peru, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Suriname, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Uruguay, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Virginia, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Angola, Benin, Borneo, Cameroon, Central African Repu, China Southeast, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Malaya, Nigeria, Philippines, Sierra Leone, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Uganda, Zaïre

Melothria L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 35 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 562.

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0