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This species is accepted, and its native range is Bolivia to Brazil and S. South America.
Cestrum parqui (Solanaceae)

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Morphology General Habit
Shrub to 3 m, pubescent on younger branches.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves elliptic-lanceolate, soon glabrous or almost so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers in terminal compound paniculiform inflorescences, with reduced bract-like leaves intercalated, fragrant at night.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 5–6.5 mm long, tubular with short lobes; corolla tube greenish-yellow, 15–17 mm long, infundibuliform, narrow to a little above the calyx, then gradually widened; lobes triangular-lanceolate, hairy towards the edges; stamens inserted above widening of the corolla tube, basally swollen; ovary glabrous; style 16 mm long, pubescent at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit violet-brown to black, 8–10 mm long, ovoid
Distribution
Mozambique Native of the southern parts of South America, long cultivated in Europe and introduced to other parts of the Old World.

[FTEA]

Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Type
Type: Chile, Concepcion, Dombey s.n. (locality of type not cited, ?P, holo. [NB if holo. not extant, Plate 36 of L’Heritier, Stirp. Nov. fasc., 4 (1788) should be designated as lecto.]
Morphology General Habit
Deciduous erect shrubs 1–3 m high.
Morphology Stem
Stems numerous and often suckering, green, terete, lenticellate, glabrescent with inconspicuous stalked glands throughout
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sometimes glossy, dark green, narrowly lanceolate, 8–11 × 2–3.7 cm, bases cuneate, often decurrent to stems, margins entire rarely sinuate, apices acute, both surfaces glabrescent but with stalked glands; stipules ovate to spatulate; petioles 5–9 mm long, glabrescent. Inflorescences congested terminal or lateral panicles; flowering stems shortly pilose/villous with simple, few-celled glandular and eglandular hairs; bracts narrowly lanceolate, ± 3 mm long, shortly pilose, some hairs glandular; pedicels 0.7–4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cupulate/tubular, pale green, 4–5.5 mm long, pilose externally, lobes equal or unequal, triangular, 0.8–1 × 0.7–1.2 mm in flower, apex acute, enlarging to 2 × 2.5 mm in fruit, with denser pubescence and apical tufts of hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla yellow or yellowish-green, tubular to infundibuliform, (1.2–)1.8–2.2 cm long and 0.7–1.2 cm diameter apically; tube cylindrical or slightly bulbous above, (1.2–)1.4–1.8 cm long, diameter increasing to 3.5–4 mm below lobes, glabrescent externally, shortly pilose internally, with short, acute or obtuse triangular valvate lobes, usually spreading after anthesis when rounded and 2–5 × 1.5–3.5 mm, with densely pilose marginal bands externally
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens usually equal, with anthers and stigma visible in corolla throat; filaments free for 6–8 mm, curved apically, enlarged and pilose at adnation; anthers yellow to brown, 0.8–1.1 × 0.8–1 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary green sometimes flecked purple, globose or broadly ovoid, 0.9–1.2 mm long, glabrous; disc pale green, cupulate, upper margins crenulate, 0.7–1.3 mm broad; style 14–16 mm long; stigma 1–1.2 mm broad
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berry dark purple to blackish, ovoid, 7–8 × 6–7 mm, surrounded by cupulate calyx with adherent calyx lobes sometimes splitting to expose fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ovoid, prismatic, dark brown, 3.5–4 mm long.
Ecology
Sometimes occurring as an escape and recorded from open woodland with Crotalaria; 1850–3200 m
Conservation
Widespread; least concern (LC)
Note
Though this species is a widespread ornamental it is is well known for its toxicity (especially hepatic toxins) with common names including Green poison berry, Chilean- or green- Cestrum as well as Willow-leaved Jessamine. The flowers are reportedly slightly fragrant after dusk, and the leaves can be malodorous.
Distribution
Flora districts: K4 Range: Native to Chile and Argentina, now a widespread ornamental

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced into:

Baleares, Bangladesh, Canary Is., East Himalaya, Greece, Italy, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Madeira, Morocco, Mozambique, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Pakistan, Queensland, Rwanda, Sicilia, South Australia, Spain, Tunisia, Victoria, West Himalaya

Cestrum parqui (Lam.) L'Hér. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2007 Rico, L. [1174], Bolivia K000295016
Jan 1, 2007 Rico, L. [1163], Bolivia K000295005
Jan 1, 2000 Mandon, G. [452], Bolivia K000585256
Hassler, E. [1495], Paraguay K000847857
Sellow [365], Brazil K000847858
Lorentz [s.n.], Argentina Cestrum lorentzianum K000585259

First published in Stirp. Nov.: 73 (1788)

Accepted by

  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Castroviejo, S. (ed.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Iberica 11: 1-672. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
  • Gaur, R.D. (1999). Flora of the district of Garhwal north west Himalaya: 1-811. Transmedia, Srinagar, India.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nasir, Y.J. (1985). Flora of Pakistan 168: 1-61. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. & Haegi, L. (1982). Flora of Australia 29: 1-208. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Verloove, Fl. & Reyes-Betancort, J.A. (2011). Additions to the flora of Tenerife (Canary islands, Spain) Collectanea Botanica 30: 63-78.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Castroviejo, S. (ed.) in Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2012). Flora Iberica 11: 1-672. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Edmonds, J. (2012). Flora of Tropical East Africa Solanaceae: 1-239.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Gaur, R.D. (1999). Flora of the district of Garhwal north west Himalaya: 1-811. Transmedia, Srinagar, India.
  • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Nasir, Y.J. (1985). Flora of Pakistan 168: 1-61. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Purdie, R.W., Symon, D.E. & Haegi, L. (1982). Flora of Australia 29: 1-208. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
  • Tohmé, G. & Tohmé, H. (2014). Illustrated Flora of Lebanon, ed. 2: 1-610. CNRS Publication.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1972). Flora Europaea 3: 1-370. Cambridge University Press.
  • Verloove, Fl. & Reyes-Betancort, J.A. (2011). Additions to the flora of Tenerife (Canary islands, Spain) Collectanea Botanica 30: 63-78.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Candollea 7: 38 (1936)
  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 616 (1852)
  • F.Z. 8(4): 10 (2005).
  • Fl. Egypt 6: 139 (1998)
  • Fl. Madagascar, Solanaceae: 19 (1994)
  • Fl. Rwanda 3: 362 (1985)
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 3: 754 (1898)
  • Stirp. Nov. fasc. 4: 73, t. 36 (1788)
  • Verdcourt & Trump, Common Poisonous Pl. E. Afr.: 161 (1969)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0