Genus:
Solanum L.

Solanum nigrum L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Temp. Eurasia, Macaronesia, N. & NE. Tropical Africa. It is used as a medicine and for food.

[FZ]

Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8, Part 4. Solanaceae. Gonçalves AE. 2005

Morphology General
Erect or widely spreading annual to short-lived perennial, sometimes forming dense clumps up to 2 m across and 1. 5 m high, (5)25–70(150) cm tall, sometimes flushed with purple, pubescent to villous with simple, curved, usually appressed, eglandular or glandular hairs, glabrescent
Morphology Branches
Branches ± angular to narrowly winged, the edges smooth or with widely spaced short teeth or prickle-like hairs Branches ± angular to narrowly winged, the edges smooth or with widely spaced short teeth or prickle-like hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves solitary or sometimes paired; petiole 0.3–6.5 cm long, ± narrowly winged distally; lamina 2–14 × 0.7–7.3 cm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or ovate, base sub-truncate or rounded to cuneate, oblique, ± decurrent into the petiole, apex acute or obtuse, ± acuminate, entire to sinuate-dentate, both surfaces ± pubescent, with more numerous hairs along the veins and towards the margins, glabrescent Leaves solitary or sometimes paired; petiole 0.3–6.5 cm long, ± narrowly winged distally; lamina 2–14 × 0.7–7.3 cm, elliptic to ovate-lanceolate or ovate, base sub-truncate or rounded to cuneate, oblique, ± decurrent into the petiole, apex acute or obtuse, ± acuminate, entire to sinuate-dentate, both surfaces ± pubescent, with more numerous hairs along the veins and towards the margins, glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Cymes lateral, unbranched, lax and often extended, (3)5–10-flowered; peduncle 0.3–2 cm long, slender, erect or ascending, in fruit occasionally elongated a little, ascending to deflexed; pedicels 3–8.5 mm long, slender, decurved to ascending, in fruit elongated to 12 mm, deflexed Cymes lateral, unbranched, lax and often extended, (3)5–10-flowered; peduncle 0.3–2 cm long, slender, erect or ascending, in fruit occasionally elongated a little, ascending to deflexed; pedicels 3–8.5 mm long, slender, decurved to ascending, in fruit elongated to 12 mm, deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1. 2–2.5 mm long, campanulate, in fruit elongated to 3.5 mm; lobes 0.3–1. 2 × 0.3–1. 2 mm, obovate, semi-elliptic or ovate to ± triangular, rounded to acute, sparsely pubescent with more numerous hairs towards the apex outside, in fruit enlarged to 3 × 2 mm, appressed or scarcely reflexed Calyx 1.2–2.5 mm long, campanulate, in fruit elongated to 3.5 mm; lobes 0.3–1.2 × 0.3–1.2 mm, obovate, semi-elliptic or ovate to ± triangular, rounded to acute, sparsely pubescent with more numerous hairs towards the apex outside, in fruit enlarged to 3 × 2 mm, appressed or scarcely reflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white, cream or yellowish, with or without a conspicuous yellow-green eye, rarely flushed with purple or pale blue, (4)5–7(9) mm across, rotate or stelliform; lobes 1. 5–4 × 0.8–2.3 mm, oblong or ovate to lanceolate, rarely linear, ± acute, puberulous outside Corolla white, cream or yellowish, with or without a conspicuous yellow-green eye, rarely flushed with purple or pale blue, (4)5–7(9) mm across, rotate or stelliform; lobes 1.5–4 × 0.8–2.3 mm, oblong or ovate to lanceolate, rarely linear, ± acute, puberulous outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamen filaments 0.3–1. 5 mm long; anthers 1. 5–2.5(2.8) mm long, oblong Stamen filaments 0.3–1.5 mm long; anthers 1.5–2.5(2.8) mm long, oblong.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary c.  1 mm in diameter, ± globose to ellipsoid, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style 2–4.5 mm long, straight or sigmoidal, the stigma level with the tip of the anthers or protruding by up to 2 mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits often dull, black or purplish-black to yellow-green, opaque, 6–10 mm in diameter, usually broadly ovoid, smooth, usually without sclerotic granules, glabrous, edible when mature Fruits often dull, black or purplish-black to yellow-green, opaque, 6–10 mm in diameter, usually broadly ovoid, smooth, usually without sclerotic granules, glabrous, edible when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds with light bone-colour and sometimes flushed with purple, 1. 7–2.4 mm long, ± obovate in outline, minutely pitted all over Seeds with light bone-colour and sometimes flushed with purple, 1.7–2.4 mm long, ± obovate in outline, minutely pitted all over.
Note
Chromosome number: 2n=72 Common name: "Black Nightshade." Hawkes & Edmonds in Fl. Europaea 3: 197 (1972), R.J.F. Henderson in Contr. Queensland Herb. 6: 19–25 (1974) and Edmonds & Chweya, loc. cit. (1997) recognized two subspecies, viz.: subsp. nigrum, covered with multicellular, appressed, eglandular hairs, and subsp. schultesii (Opiz) Wessely, covered with denser indumentum of multicellular, spreading, mostly glandular hairs. These distinctions are not very clearly applicable everywhere. The specimens Biegel 1767 and Takaindisa 7, cited above from Zimbabwe, may prove to be Solanum tarderemotum on reconsideration.
Ecology
Forest, mostly at the edges, riverine vegetation, thickets, open scrub, woodland, wooded grassland, mountain slopes, floodplains, waste and cultivated ground (gardens and fields), ruderal places and waysides, in moist and dry situations; up to c. 2000 m.
Distribution
CPV, BOT N, BOT SW, BOT SE, ZAM B, ZAM N, ZAM W, ZAM C, ZAM E, ZAM S, ZIM N, ZIM E, ZIM S, MAL S, MOZ Z, MOZ T, MOZ MS, MOZ GI, MOZ M Originally possibly from Eurasia (fide R.J.F. Henderson in tom. cit.: 27 (1974)) or from the Middle East or even India (fide Tandon & Rao in Nature 201, 4926: 1348–1349 (1964)); widely distributed from temperate to tropical regions, and with rare occurren Mozambique Zimbabwe Zambia Malawi Caprivi Strip. Botswana.
Morphology General Habit
Erect or widely spreading annual to short-lived perennial, sometimes forming dense clumps up to 2 m across and 1.5 m high, (5)25–70(150) cm tall, sometimes flushed with purple, pubescent to villous with simple, curved, usually appressed, eglandular or glandular hairs, glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary c. 1 mm in diameter, ± globose to ellipsoid, glabrous; style 2–4.5 mm long, straight or sigmoidal, the stigma level with the tip of the anthers or protruding by up to 2 mm.
Cytology
Chromosome number: 2n=72.

[FWTA]

Solanaceae, H. heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A weed 1-2 ft. or more high, sometimes cultivated
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Small white flowers
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries 1/4-3/4 in. diam.

[FTEA]

Solanaceae, Jennifer M Edmonds. Oliganthes, Melongena & Monodolichopus, Maria S. Vorontsova & Sandra Knapp. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2012

Type
Type: Probably from Europe, Herb. Linnaeus 248.18 (LINN!, lecto. designated by Henderson in Contrib. Queensland Herb., 16:19 (1974))
Morphology General Habit
Annual to perennial herb, erect, decumbent or prostrate, 0.1 to 1.1 m high, main stem sometimes woody, spreading up to 2 m;
Morphology Stem
Stems smooth or with inconspicuously dentate ridges, villous to glabrous with simple hairs with glandular or eglandular heads, mixed with glands, often densely leafy
Morphology Leaves
Leaves membranaceous, light to dark green, ovate, ovate-rhomboidal or ovate-lanceolate, rarely lanceolate, 2.5–9.5 × 1.8–6 cm, bases cuneate and decurrent, margins entire, sinuate or sinuate-dentate with a few (< 4) acute or obtuse lobes, apices acute to acuminate, rarely obtuse; surfaces pubescent or glabrescent as stems, hairs usually denser on margins, veins, midribs and on lower surfaces; petioles 0.5–4.2 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences simple leafopposed to extra-axillary cymes, usually lax appearing racemose with fruiting rachis (0–)2–7 mm long, (3–)5–10-flowered; peduncles erect and 6–18 mm in flower, erecto-patent and 11–19(–30) mm long in fruit, pubescent as stems; pedicels erect and 4–8 mm long in flower, erecto-patent often becoming recurved and 8–16 mm in fruit, pubescence as stems
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx campanulate, (1.5–)2–3(–4) mm long, pilose externally; lobes broadly ovate, 0.5–1.8 × 0.5–1.6 mm, obtuse, enlarging to 1.4–3 × 1.5–3 mm in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or tinged purple, with yellow-translucent basal star, stellate, (0.8–)1.2–1.6 cm diameter, tube 1–1.5 mm long; lobes broadly ovate, (2.7–)4–6 × (2.8–)3–4(–5) mm, spreading or reflexed after anthesis
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments free for 1–1.5 mm, densely villous internally; anthers yellow to orange, 1.5–2.5(–2.7) × 0.6–0.8(–1) mm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary brownish, 0.7–2 × 0.6–2 mm, glabrous; style never geniculate, (2.4–)3–4.5 × 0.2–0.4 mm, lower half shortly pilose, not or only the stigma exserted at full anthesis; stigma capitate, 0.2–0.5 mm diameter
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Berries dull purple to black and dull or shiny becoming dull with opaque cuticles in Flora area, sometimes greenish to yellowish-green with translucent cuticles in Eurasia, usually broadly ovoid, sometimes globose, 5–10 × 5–11 mm, basal calyx lobes adherent becoming reflexed; falling from calyces or remaining on plant when ripe
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (15–)26–60(–96) per berry, yellow to brown, ovoid, discoid or orbicular, (1.7–) 2–2.4 × 1.4–2 mm; sclerotic granules absent
Figures
Fig 17/15 & 16, p 126

[UPFC]
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, desert, artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Herbmora, Macuy, Mora, Quielete, Yerba mora, Yerbamora, Zeb ame

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
campano, hierbamora, suspiros, yerbamora

[UPFC]
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Chita, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Gulf States, Hungary, India, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuril Is., Kuwait, Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Netherlands, Nicobar Is., North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, South China Sea, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Thailand, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Alberta, Antipodean Is., Ascension, Borneo, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chatham Is., Colorado, Connecticut, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Iowa, Jawa, Kerguelen, Maine, Malaya, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Queensland, Québec, South Australia, South Carolina, St.Helena, Sumatera, Tasmania, Texas, Tristan da Cunha, Utah, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, Western Australia, Wisconsin

Solanum nigrum L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2017 Manisadjan [981b] K001151663 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [7778], Afghanistan K001151695 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Haussknecht, C. [s.n.] K001151706 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Lotan, R. [Soni0102161008], Israel K001151712 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Dinsmore, J.E. [12102], Jordan K001151802 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Maitland, T.D. [s.n.] K001151805 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Breidy, J. [LEB81], Lebanon K001151806 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Monier Abd El Ghani [4552], Egypt K001151814 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Dickson, H.V. [387], Saudi Arabia K001151827 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Shabetai, J.R. [265], Egypt K001151840 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Swarbick, J.T. [TS2572], Nigeria K001169709 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Best, E.B. [499] K001169719 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Westwater, M. [192954], United Kingdom K001169720 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 McKee, H.S. [3794], New Caledonia K001151296 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Crisp, P. [123], Iran K001151716 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [7], Nigeria K001169712 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Mashaly, I. [20191], Egypt K001151718 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [2821], Iran K001151710 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Meyers, F.S. [B4102] K001151801 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Lotan, R. [Soni0101200510], Israel K001151719 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Furse, P. [8230], Afghanistan K001151693 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Davis [47039], Turkey K001151660 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Macmillan, H.F. [220], Iran K001151701 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Miller, A.G. [6632], Oman K001151830 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Podlech, D. [19792], Afghanistan K001151698 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Dobson, A.T. [300], Iran K001151715 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Tengwall, T.A. [40], Turkey K001151664 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 al-Rawi, A. [24225], Iraq K001151734 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Dobson, A.T. [337], Iran K001151717 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Irvine, F.R. [3607], Nigeria K001169708 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [s.n.] K001151803 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Trott, A.C. [982A], Iran K001151700 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Murray, G.W. [2995], Egypt K001151833 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Chapman, J.D. [2914], Nigeria K001169710 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 s.coll [25], Nigeria K001169711 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Davis [26067], Turkey K001151659 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Hay, W.R. [286], Afghanistan K001151694 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Pierce, E. [s.n.] K001151713 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Simpson, N.D. [16], Egypt K001151839 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Hepper, F.N. [7662], Egypt K001152178 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Singer, A. [Soni0301080507], Israel K001151804 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Morton, J.K. [s.n.], Sierra Leone K001169707 Yes
Jan 1, 2017 Trott, A.C. [1283], Saudi Arabia K001151826 Unknown type material Yes
Jan 1, 2017 McNeill [496], Turkey K001151662 Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Palmer, E. [101], Mexico K000063870 Yes
Jan 1, 2016 St John, H. [1314], Canada K001159696 Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Raven, P.H. [2178A], USA K001159941 Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Curtiss, A.H. [6863], USA K001159693 Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Cavalerie, J. [3815], Yunnan K001080605 isotype Yes
Jan 1, 2016 s.coll [s.n.], Canada K001159694 Yes
Jan 1, 2016 Nee, M. [30110], USA K001159700 Yes
Nov 4, 2011 Day, C.D. [912], Turkey K000341505 No
Mar 1, 2011 Kharkevich, S. [686], Russian Federation K000658439 Yes
Aug 5, 2003 Hiep, N.T. et al. [3420], Vietnam K000183311 No
Jul 31, 2003 Fuentes, de la Rosa [38985], Philippines K000183244 Yes
Jul 31, 2003 Madulid, et al. [1504], Philippines K000183245 No
Jul 31, 2003 Reynoso [27245], Philippines K000183243 No
Jul 30, 2003 Chantaranothai, P. et al. [90/69], Thailand K000183206 No
Jan 1, 1982 Teixeira, L.O.A. [724], Brazil K000903980 Yes
Jan 1, 1973 Pabst, G.F.J. [9455], Brazil K001058408 Yes
Nov 1, 1958 Keay, R.W.J. [FHI 28492], Cameroon K000028646 Yes
Jun 28, 1905 Guillarmod, J. [138], Lesotho K000658427 Yes
Kenya 11191.000 No
Summerhayes, V.S., United Kingdom 16342.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [10186], Tanzania 24459.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [10430], Tanzania 24528.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [10440], Tanzania 24662.000 No
Greenway, P.J. [10635], Tanzania 24774.000 No
Hepper, F.N. [1297], Cameroon 2537.000 No
Tanner, R.E.S. [4532], Tanzania 25445.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [2565], Zambia 35203.000 No
Delile [s.n.] K000414028 syntype Yes
Kotschy [291], Sudan K000414029 syntype Yes
Lowe, R.T. [547], Azores K000414061 Yes
Azores K000414063 Yes
Lowe, R.T., Azores K000414065 Yes
Lowe, R.T. [s.n.], Portugal K000414066 No
France K000414067 Yes
Lemann, C. [1838], Madeira K000414069 Yes
Palmer, E. [119], Mexico K000063868 Yes
Rose, J.N. [3390], Mexico K000063869 Yes
Arsène, G. [8302], Mexico K000063833 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [399], Mexico K000063834 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [2917], Mexico K000063835 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [3855], Mexico K000063836 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 217], Great Britain K000914298 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], Bangladesh K001116590 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116595 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116596 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116598 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116599 Yes
Preston, T.A. [s.n.], Brazil K000903982 Yes
Abu-Laila, K. [70-4], Jordan K001151657 Yes
McNeill [225], Turkey K001151661 Yes
Kolenal [2057] K001151667 Yes
Mashaly, I.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151681 Yes
Carter, H. [569], Afghanistan K001151697 Yes
Furse, P. [8932], Iran K001151707 Yes
s.coll [21536], Iraq K001151735 Yes
Alizzi, H. [32585], Iraq K001151736 Yes
Alizzi, H. [35355], Iraq K001151738 Yes
Alizzi, H. [35315], Iraq K001151739 Yes
Cuest, S. [13001], Iraq K001151743 Yes
Wheeler Haines, R. [W12], Iraq K001151744 Yes
Harim, F. [37788], Iraq K001151750 Yes
Thamer [47404], Iraq K001151764 Yes
Rogers, J.A. [8], Iraq K001151788 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [7106], Egypt K001151813 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [1653], Egypt K001151817 Yes
Spellenberg, R.W. [7174], Yemen K001151824 Yes
Fay, J.M. [1012], Tunisia K001152229 Yes
Keith, H.G. [384], Libya K001152234 Yes
Hemsley, J.H. [L79], Libya K001152238 Yes
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152295 Yes
s.coll [31] K001152344 Yes
Henry, A. [8511], China K001152459 Yes
Wilford [68], Hong Kong K001152460 Yes
Herb H.f. [s.n.] K001152625 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152627 Yes
Maesen, L.J.G. van der [3190], India K001152630 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [22378] K001152636 Yes
Drummond, J.R. [25867], India K001152647 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152652 Yes
Saldanha, C.J. [16110], India K001152681 Yes
Walker [s.n.], Sri Lanka K001152685 Yes
Jayasuriya, A.H.M. [2228], Sri Lanka K001152689 Yes
Balakrishan, N. [NBK 996], Sri Lanka K001152690 Yes
Singh, V. [2988], India K001152717 Yes
s.coll [96] K001152733 Yes
Roxburgh, W. [s.n.], India K001152735 Yes
Winit, K. [408], Thailand K001153331 Yes
Larsen, K. [34265], Thailand K001153336 Yes
Koorders, S.H. [37855ß], Indonesia K001153507 Yes
Anderson, J.A. [S.25594], Malaysia K001153528 Yes
Sohmer, S.H. [LAE75542], Papua New Guinea K001153765 Yes
Burns, T.E. [736], Australia K001153927 Yes
Campbell, W.D. [s.n.], Australia K001153929 Yes
Herb Morrison, A. [14228], Australia K001153930 Yes
Henderson, R. [H123], Australia K001153936 Yes
Hanson, C.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169702 Yes
Dallimore, W. [2], United Kingdom K001169705 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001169714 Yes
Sandwith, C.I. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151202 Yes
Herb Gregor, A.G. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151214 Yes
Parker, M. [s.n.] K001151221 Yes
Vedcourt, B. [4236], United Kingdom K001151224 Yes
Jackson, A.B. [1135], United Kingdom K001151228 Yes
Ker, M.D. [145], United Kingdom K001151243 Yes
Summerhayes, V.S. [1353], United Kingdom K001151245 Yes
Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151248 Yes
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151251 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Belgium K001151283 Yes
Forsskål, P. [1748], France K001151286 Yes
Ellman, E. [338], Spain K001151319 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4823], Malta K001151320 Yes
Ellman, E. [1129A], Spain K001151329 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151333 Yes
Wierzbicki, P.P. [393] K001151372 Yes
s.coll [186] K001151376 Yes
Béguinot, A. [2515], Italy K001151379 Yes
Porta, P. [s.n.] K001151492 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151494 Yes
Kotschy [184] K001156499 Yes
Kirk [s.n.] K001158660 Yes
Richards, W. [1183], Zambia K001158666 Yes
Rensburg, H.J. van [1886], Zambia K001158672 Yes
Chapman, E.G. [26079], Iraq K001151746 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [6982], Egypt K001151815 Yes
Manoharan, C. [19575], India K001152665 Yes
Bourne [405], India K001152729 Yes
Hamad, K. [46355], Iraq K001151766 Yes
Omnar, S. [50389], Iraq K001151799 Yes
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153516 Yes
Mathenge, S.G. [64], Kenya K001157840 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151683 Yes
Davidse, G. [7371], Sri Lanka K001152695 Yes
Smith, L.S. [3071], Australia K001153938 Yes
Ellman, E. [68], Spain K001151383 Yes
Clemens, J. [25/32], Malaysia K001153532 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151219 Yes
Dobson, A.T. [283], Iran K001151702 Yes
Armstrong, J.A. [98], Iran K001151705 Yes
Lazra, Y. [s.n.], Iraq K001151742 Yes
Al-Baiyar, H. [21471], Iraq K001151747 Yes
Al-Kaisi [45296], Iraq K001151762 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [15153], India K001152719 Yes
Symon, D.E. [2918], Australia K001153945 Yes
Gould, B.J. [628], Bhutan K001152716 Yes
Remy, M.J. [442], USA K001155593 Yes
Willkommii, H.M. [475], Spain K001151316 Yes
Armstrong, J.A. [98], Iran K001151711 Yes
Burkill, H.M. [852], Malaysia K001153273 Yes
Maw, G. [727], United Kingdom K001151196 Yes
Sintenis, P.E.E. [895], Cyprus K001151725 Yes
Oettinger, N.K. [746/1] K001151279 Yes
Chung, H.-.H. [1729], China K001152461 Yes
Jackson, A.B. [113] K001151362 Yes
Alizzi, H. [34664], Iraq K001151753 Yes
s.coll [26] K001151670 Yes
s.coll [82], Pakistan K001152659 Yes
s.coll [196], United Kingdom K001151213 Yes
Drummond, J.R. [20550], India K001152633 Yes
Strachey, R. [1], India K001152657 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151335 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169703 Yes
s.coll [58], Spain K001152300 Yes
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153521 Yes
Argent, G. [C87179], Indonesia K001153535 Yes
Coulter [1231], Mexico K001159691 Yes
Stearn, W.T. [181], Jamaica K001160990 Yes
Drummond, J.R. [1872], India K001152648 Yes
Fosberg, F.R. [57125], Sri Lanka K001152683 Yes
Alizzi, H. [35063], Iraq K001151740 Yes
Husain, W. [s.n.], India K001152667 Yes
Meebold, A.K. [s.n.] K001151299 Yes
Wurzell, B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151358 Yes
Webster, M.M. [7130], United Kingdom K001151524 Yes
Carter, S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151229 Yes
Lord, J.K. [s.n.] K001151808 Yes
Bourne, A.G. [1499], India K001152727 Yes
Afriastini, J.J. [475], Indonesia K001153518 Yes
Symon, D.E. [6090], Australia K001153940 Yes
Sharif, A. [47305], Iraq K001151767 Yes
Bourne [2053], India K001152726 Yes
Park, B.C. [519], Libya K001152235 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [28/54], United Kingdom K001151261 Yes
Meebold, A.K. [s.n.] K001151298 Yes
Drummond, J.R. [20551], India K001152631 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152737 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151328 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152618 Yes
Prance, G.T. [10131], Brazil K001058942 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151208 Yes
Mwangangi, O.M. [1397], Kenya K001157838 Yes
Sinclair, J. [40388], Malaysia K001153271 Yes
Richards, H.M. [4216], Zambia K001158667 Yes
Murata, G. [s.n.], Nepal K001152644 Yes
Al-Khayat [46318], Iraq K001151765 Yes
Carr, C.E. [12935], Papua New Guinea K001153769 Yes
Forsskål, P. [1749], France K001151287 Yes
s.coll [346], Australia K001153922 Yes
Herb Cuatrecasas, J. [s.n.], Spain K001151317 Yes
Rich, H.H. [26], India K001152620 Yes
Butler, S.C. [13], United Kingdom K001151209 Yes
Ngoni, J.F. [4909], Botswana K001158653 Yes
Phipps, J.B. [2653], Malawi K001158661 Yes
Ritchie [508/2] K001152678 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151232 Yes
Platt, J.W.O. [397] K001151270 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151273 Yes
Wood, J.R.I. [2293], Yemen K001151686 Yes
Burkill, H.M. [13939], Malaysia K001153274 Yes
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153519 Yes
Platt, J.W.O. [512] K001151672 Yes
Furuse, M. [45139], Japan K001152423 Yes
Porta, P. [s.n.] K001151493 Yes
Haines, H.H. [1979], India K001152739 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [29207], United Kingdom K001151212 Yes
Codd, L.E. [7243], Zambia K001158665 Yes
Forest, E. [181], Iraq K001151785 Yes
Croft, J. [LAE61910], Papua New Guinea K001153767 Yes
Rodd, A. [691], Australia K001153917 Yes
Tasker, S. [8], United Kingdom K001151205 Yes
Anderson, B. [1564], Iran K001151674 Yes
Mavromoustakis, G.A. [s.n.], Cyprus K001151733 Yes
Brown, R.C. [6019], Botswana K001158650 Yes
Linton, E.F. [s.n.] K001151197 Yes
Nee, M. [54714], USA K001169701 Yes
Keith [1033], Libya K001152236 Yes
Petterson, B. [16515], Sudan K001156480 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [29544], United Kingdom K001151215 Yes
Summers, R.W. [607], USA K001159688 Yes
Jonsson, G. [841 a], Brazil K000903979 Yes
Liang, H.Y. [66426], China K001152458 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [4567], Thailand K001153330 Yes
Symon, D.E. [26463], Australia K001153944 Yes
Sonster, J. [122], United Kingdom K001151225 Yes
Fernandez, J. [1117], Oman K001151690 Yes
Meikle, R.D. [2508], Cyprus K001151731 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [3633], Egypt K001151816 Yes
Naguils, M.I. [9], Bahrain K001151829 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [131], Portugal K001152294 Yes
Macmillan, H.F. [219], Iran K001151703 Yes
Sintenis, P.E.E. [6363], Iran K001152348 Yes
Burkill, H.M. [2876], Malaysia K001153269 Yes
Schodde, R. [5015], Papua New Guinea K001153768 Yes
Roper, I.M. [s.n.] K001151360 Yes
Genneou, A. [1496], Cyprus K001151723 Yes
Forsyth-Major, C.I. [355], Madagascar K001158959 Yes
James, H.E.M. [s.n.] K001152351 Yes
Boulos, L. [17419], Kuwait K001151678 Yes
s.coll [1714], Cyprus K001151727 Yes
Mavromoustakis, G.A. [s.n.], Cyprus K001151732 Yes
Junghuhn [405], Indonesia K001153513 Yes
Webster, M.M. [8324], United Kingdom K001151263 Yes
s.coll [6019], Botswana K001158649 Yes
Rogers, J.A. [103], Iraq K001151796 Yes
Schweinfurth, G.A. [1404], Egypt K001151818 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001159697 Yes
Boulos, L. [17155], Kuwait K001151679 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152651 Yes
Omnar, S. [50421], Iraq K001151798 Yes
Brown, R.C. [6019], Botswana K001158655 Yes
Dallimore, W. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001169706 Yes
Speke [79], Tanzania K001157827 Yes
Carter, S. [s.n.] K001151230 Yes
Hagerup, O. [144], Sudan K001155764 Yes
Coulter, T. [1228], Mexico K000063873 Yes
Shuter, J. [s.n.], India K001152723 Yes
Coveny, R. [6397], Australia K001153915 Yes
Traill, W. [1424], United Kingdom K001151264 Yes
Forsyth-Major, C.I. [H292-23], France K001151282 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116587 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152639 Yes
Belcher, R.O. [71], India K001152668 Yes
Pickard, J. [1216], Australia K001153923 Yes
s.coll [30], India K001152677 Yes
Harris, T. [186], Mozambique K000613261 Yes
Rechinger, K.H. [13017], Greece K001151374 Yes
Pin, C. [s.n.] K001151292 Yes
Schur [2846B], Romania K000414068 No
Tauscher, D.J.A. [287], Hungary K001151278 Yes
Keith, H.G. [419], Libya K001152232 Yes
Prior, A. [s.n.], Austria K001151370 Yes
s.coll [77], Uganda K001157846 Yes
Allen, C.E.F. [724], Zimbabwe K001158659 Yes
Furuse, M. [40678], Japan K001152418 Yes
Luke, Q. [12026], Tanzania K001157818 Yes
s.coll [2382], Spain K001152306 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [30354], United Kingdom K001151259 Yes
Dahl, A. [905], Finland K001151285 Yes
Balaka, J.L. [2025], Malawi K001158663 Yes
Platt, J.W.O. [397], Greece K001151671 Yes
Mooney, H.F. [2473], India K001152664 Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [B12482] K001151375 Yes
Jennings, E.A. [20], Yemen K001151823 Yes
Sennen [s.n.], Spain K001151338 Yes
Botany staff [42492], Iraq K001151759 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152617 Yes
Cooray, R.G. [68100301R], Sri Lanka K001152694 Yes
s.coll [14983], Malaysia K001153275 Yes
s.coll [1070] K001152624 Yes
Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152643 Yes
Shah (Bin Haji Mohamad Nur), M. [170], Malaysia K001153272 Yes
Salisbury, E.S. [s.n.] K001151257 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152621 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151331 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116593 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [1195], Egypt K001151842 Yes
Bredemann, G. [26] K001151302 Yes
Lowe, R.T. [547], Azores K000414062 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [17435], India K001152720 Yes
Maire, R.P. [s.n.], China K001153332 Yes
Herb Hepper, F.N. [4852], United Kingdom K001151210 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [s.n.], Zambia K001158673 Yes
Furuse, M. [40504], Japan K001152422 Yes
Milliken, W. [1581], Indonesia K001153763 Yes
Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001151327 Yes
Daumlira, E.K. [D36], Uganda K001157848 Yes
Bourne [s.n.], India K001152724 Yes
Ingoldby, C.M. [553] K001151495 Yes
Lindsay, N. [1023], Iran K001151708 Yes
Rodway, J.A. [2140], Australia K001153918 Yes
Petterson, B. [16786], Sudan K001156479 Yes
Schweinfurth, G.A. [3242] K001156501 Yes
Scott Elliot, G.F. [7821], Uganda K001157847 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151277 Yes
s.coll [26], Sudan K001156481 Yes
Parker, W.G. [s.n.], Madagascar K001158961 Yes
Milliken, W. [1362], Indonesia K001153764 Yes
Ker, M.D. [145], United Kingdom K001151244 Yes
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153515 Yes
s.coll [39], Morocco K001152225 Yes
Tilden, J.E. [832], Australia K001153924 Yes
Welwitsch [6099], Angola K001029772 Yes
Webster, M.M. [7077], United Kingdom K001151211 Yes
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153520 Yes
Bowen, H. [294], Australia K001153941 Yes
Bingham, M.G. [1544], Zambia K001158658 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [4460], Egypt K001151841 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [s.n.], Zambia K001158670 Yes
Miller, A.G. [7196], Oman K001151689 Yes
Al-Kaisi [50616], Iraq K001151797 Yes
s.coll [1173], Pakistan K001152680 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [5151], Egypt K001151812 Yes
Thomas, A.S. [Th4070], Uganda K001157844 Yes
s.coll [298] K001157849 Yes
Sharma, B.D. [167857], India K001152718 Yes
Hohenacker, R.F. [1077], India K001152725 Yes
Mackee [3018], France K001169700 Yes
Platt, J.W.O. [609] K001151271 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116591 Yes
Lazat, Y. [s.n.], Iraq K001151761 Yes
Aellen, P. [63975] K001151297 Yes
Watson, G.A. [s.n.], Iraq K001151757 Yes
Kotschy [184], Ethiopia K001156498 Yes
Hind [s.n.], Hong Kong K001152634 Yes
Komarov, V.L. [1376], China K001152347 Yes
Herb Wight [2326] K001152722 Yes
Platt, J.W.O. [512] K001151269 Yes
Corley, R.H.V. [68], Iran K001151709 Yes
Phengklai, C. [3085], Thailand K001153335 Yes
Walter [232], Guam K001155573 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151242 Yes
Welwitsch, F.M.J. [226], Portugal K001151306 Yes
Forsyth-Major, C.I. [394], Madagascar K001158960 Yes
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153522 Yes
Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151236 Yes
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Kenya K001157834 Yes
Allizi, H. [34729], Iraq K001151752 Yes
Regel, A. [s.n.], Turkey K001152350 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [9760], France K001151289 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E.W.B.H. [2565], Zambia K001158668 Yes
Keith, H.G. [352], Libya K001152233 Yes
al-Rawi, A. [19915], Iraq K001151745 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152676 Yes
Davis [2080], Cyprus K001151728 Yes
Edgeworth, M.P. [7004] K001152732 Yes
Drummond, J.R. [20552], India K001152632 Yes
Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Malaysia K001153529 Yes
Maas Geesteranus, R.A. [4314], Netherlands K001151303 Yes
s.coll [405] K001151479 Yes
Andersen, J.S. [247], Iran K001151714 Yes
Davis [2080], Cyprus K001151729 Yes
Barclay, C.H.S. [2342], Nepal K001152637 Yes
s.coll [475] K001151315 Yes
Sahira [35830], Iraq K001151758 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [1453], Egypt K001151820 Yes
Dixon, S. [1/99], Pakistan K001152670 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [1231], Thailand K001153333 Yes
Martindale, G.E. [66], Spain K001151281 Yes
Similain [s.n.] K001160559 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151207 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151756 Yes
Cuming, H. [s.n.] K001152656 Yes
Burkill, H.M. [2876], Malaysia K001153268 Yes
Bromfield, W.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151836 Yes
Hmama, H. [894], Morocco K001152227 Yes
Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152642 Yes
Royal Liberty School [86] K001151391 Yes
Renvoize, S.A. [2312], Tanzania K001157823 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116586 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116589 Yes
Kiriki, P. [KMK 75], Kenya K000662265 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152640 Yes
Baker, R.T. [s.n.] K001151361 Yes
Davis, P.H. [1989], Cyprus K001151720 Yes
Field, H. [24], Iraq K001151741 Yes
Sandwith, C.I. [3169], United Kingdom K001151203 Yes
Bonnet, E. [s.n.] K001151293 Yes
Barkley, F.A. [3716], Iraq K001151792 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [3535], Australia K001153937 Yes
Andersson, N.J. [523], Tunisia K001152228 Yes
Mooney, H.F. [3160], India K001152646 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4784], Sri Lanka K001152691 Yes
Turrill, W.B. [29/54], United Kingdom K001151260 Yes
Strid, A. [2882], Zambia K001158669 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [3398], India K001152674 Yes
Glover [180], Kenya K001157839 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [1730], Saudi Arabia K001151828 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [7696], Egypt K001152177 Yes
Herb. Léonard, J. [3708], Libya K001152240 Yes
Carew Hunt, T. [s.n.], Portugal K001152305 Yes
Burns, T.E. [433], Australia K001153925 Yes
Lake Chilwa Expedition [s.n.], Malawi K001158662 Yes
Maly, K. [2/71], Bosnia & Herzegovina K001151267 Yes
Drummond [s.n.], Canada K001159692 Yes
Wellman, F.C. [1776], Angola K001029771 Yes
Bayeru [s.n.] K001151668 Yes
Royen, F.A. [8], Iraq K001151748 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [27399B], India K001152671 Yes
Ridley, H.N. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153508 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151206 Yes
Salisbury, E.S. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151258 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151291 Yes
Prior, A. [s.n.], Austria K001151369 Yes
Powell, D.A. [410], Christmas I. K001153505 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151332 Yes
Ahlberg, N.F. [s.n.] K001151382 Yes
Boulos, L. [19046], Egypt K001151811 Yes
Angus, A. [1328], Zambia K001158671 Yes
Davis, P.H. [1989], Cyprus K001151721 Yes
Teysmann, J.E. [s.n.] K001153525 Yes
Herb Morrison, A. [413], Australia K001153931 Yes
s.coll [38], Iraq K001151791 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [3500], Thailand K001153334 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151330 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151254 Yes
Furuse, M. [40504], Japan K001152421 Yes
Park, B.C. [3], Libya K001152231 Yes
Waterfall, C. [V.C.58] K001151222 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151233 Yes
Worsdell, W.C. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151240 Yes
Williams, G.R. [241], Kenya K001157837 Yes
Summers, R.W. [607], USA K001159687 Yes
Abbas, H. [6161], Iraq K001151793 Yes
Herb Boissier, E. [s.n.] K001151318 Yes
Woolstar, A.L. [856], Paraguay K001161279 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151255 Yes
s.coll [230], Kenya K001157833 Yes
s.coll [69] K001152222 Yes
Bünnemeijer [4072], Indonesia K001153530 Yes
Tumill, W.B. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151526 Yes
Edgeworth [7045] K001152626 Yes
Lambrecht, F.L. [90], Botswana K001158654 Yes
LeSueur, H. [441], Mexico K000063874 Yes
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153524 Yes
Boulos, L. [s.n.], Egypt K001151831 Yes
Favrat, L. [s.n.] K001151266 Yes
Cole, D.T. [923], Botswana K001158651 Yes
Trott, A.C. [1632], Saudi Arabia K001151684 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [4339], Egypt K001151822 Yes
Webster, M.M. [19314], United Kingdom K001151359 Yes
Wilson [s.n.] K001151199 Yes
Platt, J.W.O. [192] K001151272 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4478], Sri Lanka K001152688 Yes
Beattie, J. [PL2010#26], St. Helena K000816069 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4784], Sri Lanka K001152692 Yes
Wierzbicki, P.P. [s.n.], Hungary K001151378 Yes
Rawi [5951], Iraq K001151787 Yes
Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] K001152641 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [5], United Kingdom K001151334 Yes
Elbert, J. [4541] K001153534 Yes
s.coll [97], Spain K001151280 Yes
s.coll [486] K001157845 Yes
Huter [s.n.], India K001152730 Yes
Iwatsuki, k. [T10367], Thailand K001153328 Yes
Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151234 Yes
Siehe, W. [298], Turkey K001151665 Yes
Colvill, W.A. [s.n.], Iraq K001151760 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152653 Yes
Béguinot, A. [2516], Italy K001151381 Yes
Stapf, O. [s.n.] K001151699 Yes
s.coll [1023], Iran K001151704 Yes
s.coll [103], Libya K001152239 Yes
McDonald, J. [808], Kenya K001157835 Yes
Al-Kaisi [46068], Iraq K001151768 Yes
Bourne [472], India K001152728 Yes
Lousley, J.E. [53110157] K001151246 Yes
Sumithraarachchi, D.B. [512], Sri Lanka K001152684 Yes
Wierzbicki, P.P. [2375], Moldova K001151373 Yes
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152296 Yes
Vink, W. [16311], Papua New Guinea K001153771 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151284 Yes
Traill, J.W.H. [577], Brazil K000903978 Yes
Wang, C. [33561], China K001152462 Yes
Mackee [45969], France K001169699 Yes
Hmama, H. [894], Morocco K001152223 Yes
Burns, T.E. [611], Australia K001153926 Yes
Heller, T.M. [289], United Arab Emirates K001151825 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [5781], Egypt K001151838 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152654 Yes
Drummond, J.R. [25868], India K001152661 Yes
Ellis, R. [557], India K001152740 Yes
Thomson, P.J. [481], Zambia K001158657 Yes
Simpson, N.D. [5663], Egypt K001151837 Yes
s.coll [D36] K001157851 Yes
Bai-Zhong, X. [4230], China K001152434 Yes
Beusekom, C.F. [1030], Thailand K001153329 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116585 Yes
Shabetai, J.R. [4851184], Egypt K001151807 Yes
MacDonald, E.C. [29], Australia K001153928 Yes
Lemos, F.L. de [s.n.], Portugal K001151304 Yes
Tanner, R. [3020], Tanzania K001157822 Yes
Thamer [46781], Iraq K001151763 Yes
Sandwith, N.Y. [3413], United Kingdom K001151223 Yes
Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151247 Yes
Kotschy [313], Ethiopia K001156497 Yes
Al-Kaisi [51173], Iraq K001151800 Yes
Grove, A.T. [5] K001152220 Yes
Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153514 Yes
Rohrlach, K.D. [290], Australia K001153943 Yes
Golde, D. [s.n.] K001151308 Yes
Scott Elliot, G.F. [7659], Uganda K001157850 Yes
Kuntze, C.E.O. [5999], Jawa K000788117 syntype Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152638 Yes
Dixon, S. [148/99], Pakistan K001152669 Yes
Webster, M.M. [1996], United Kingdom K001151253 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152224 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152345 Yes
Maximowicz [s.n.], Russian Federation K001152349 Yes
s.coll [3580], Tanzania K001157825 Yes
Lochanko, T. [s.n.], Ukraine K001152346 Yes
Marshall, J. [JM104], United Kingdom K001169715 Yes
Ahmad, H. [9409], Iraq K001151795 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4412], Sri Lanka K001152687 Yes
s.coll [66], United Kingdom K001151239 Yes
s.coll [161], Greece K001151377 Yes
Phipps, J.B. [1368], Zimbabwe K001158656 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152721 Yes
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153517 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151198 Yes
Clark, C.B. [97B], United Kingdom K001151249 Yes
Jacquemont [s.n.] K001152734 Yes
Symon, D.E. [4531], Australia K001153942 Yes
Herb. Léonard, J. [s.n.], Libya K001152241 Yes
Hardial [528], Malaysia K001153270 Yes
Saldanha, C.J. [16110], India K001152682 Yes
Bromfield, W.A. [s.n.], Egypt K001151834 Yes
s.coll [568], India K001152645 Yes
Pedley, L. [3012], Australia K001153939 Yes
Lousley, J.E. [W893], United Kingdom K001151235 Yes
Herb Gay, J. [s.n.] K001151326 Yes
s.coll [157], Tanzania K001157821 Yes
Alizzi, H. [35340], Iraq K001151737 Yes
Davis [50060], Libya K001152237 Yes
Everist, S.L. [7291], Australia K001153935 Yes
Bonnet, E. [s.n.] K001151295 Yes
Koorders, S.H. [28666ß], Indonesia K001153511 Yes
Palmer, E. [204], Mexico K000063871 Yes
Metcalfe, E. [s.n.] K001151195 Yes
Lea, J.D. [94], Sudan K001156483 Yes
Kerfoot, O. [2440], Kenya K001157836 Yes
Bogdan, A. [AB1774], Kenya K001157843 Yes
Allizi, H. [34653], Iraq K001151751 Yes
Croft, J. [NGF34532], Papua New Guinea K001153766 Yes
Herb Andrews, C. [658], Australia K001153932 Yes
Lousley, J.E. [s.n.] K001151241 Yes
Octjabreva, N. [5887] K001151309 Yes
Kostermans [722], Indonesia K001153506 Yes
Robinson, H.C. [2450], Indonesia K001153531 Yes
s.coll [1135] K001151262 Yes
Balashova [s.n.], Ukraine K001151275 Yes
Evans, I.B.P. [936A], Tanzania K001157826 Yes
s.coll [48], Cyprus K001151730 Yes
Thurston, E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151201 Yes
Murray, R.P. [s.n.], Spain K001152297 Yes
Asplund, E. [1372], Sweden K001151311 Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [4858], Tanzania K001157819 Yes
Gandoger, M. [215], Tunisia K001152230 Yes
Koorders, S.H. [22839ß], Indonesia K001153512 Yes
Horwood, A.R. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151220 Yes
Milne-Redhead, G. [259], United Kingdom K001151237 Yes
Bourne [3673] K001152619 Yes
Wood, J.J. [s.n.], India K001152738 Yes
Grisrieff, V. [s.n.], Bulgaria K001151268 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2615], India K001116588 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116592 Yes
Rawi [32404], Iraq K001151786 Yes
Tedd, H.G. [754] K001151496 Yes
Hildebrandt, J.M. [1626] K001158958 Yes
Traill, J.W.H. [577], Brazil K000903976 Yes
Kobakhidze, L. [1009], Georgia K001151666 Yes
Whittaker [s.n.], Australia K001152623 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], India K001152741 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151200 Yes
Vine, R.S. [s.n.] K001151217 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4600], Sri Lanka K001152693 Yes
Japp, R.N. [362] K001153276 Yes
Sandwith, C.I. [3170], United Kingdom K001151204 Yes
Polhill, R.M. [1207], Tanzania K001157828 Yes
Dowson, W.J. [482], Kenya K001157842 Yes
Smith, P.A. [1080], Botswana K001158652 Yes
Griffith [663], Afghanistan K001151696 Yes
Laukkonen, P. [18], Cyprus K001151724 Yes
Lomax, A.E. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151227 Yes
Grove, A.T. [31A], Chad K001152221 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151238 Yes
Britton, C.E. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151256 Yes
De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 2615] K001116594 Yes
Sprague, T.A. [383], Spain K001152298 Yes
Rodway, J.A. [s.n.], Australia K001153921 Yes
s.coll [1609], Tanzania K001157824 Yes
Nelson, D.J. [523], Australia K001153933 Yes
Butler, T. [s.n.] K001151290 Yes
Monier Abd El Ghani [4517], Egypt K001151821 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152628 Yes
Brunner [s.n.], Senegal K001155761 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001169704 Yes
Gammie, G.A. [18462], India K001152635 Yes
Mooney, H.F. [2236], India K001152663 Yes
Bedi, R. [667] K001152715 Yes
Last, G.V.C. [517/2], United Kingdom K001151226 Yes
Lantoh, M. [San108976], Malaysia K001153527 Yes
Streimann, H. [NGF44518], Papua New Guinea K001153770 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116597 Yes
Mutimushi, J.M. [2820], Zambia K001158664 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 2615], Nepal K001116584 Yes
s.coll [102] K001151658 Yes
Pin, C. [s.n.] K001151294 Yes
Scarlett, M. [48], Portugal K001151305 Yes
Ash, R.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151523 Yes
McDonald, J. [1548], Kenya K001157841 Yes
Azores K000414064 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Egypt K001151835 Yes
Last, J.T. [114], Oman K001151691 Yes
Collett, H. [111], India K001152629 Yes
Grierson, A.J.C. [1324], Bhutan K001152672 Yes
Hara, H. [1541], India K001152673 Yes
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151252 Yes
Newby, J.E. [ZP51], Nigeria K001155762 Yes
Batanouny, K.H. [2281], Qatar K001151669 Yes
Guest, E.R. [304], Iraq K001151789 Yes
Wood, D. [815], Uganda K000658423 Yes
Lazarides, M. [332], Australia K001153934 Yes
Barkley, F.A. [33Ir4015], Iraq K001151790 Yes
Henriques, C. [53] K001029773 Yes
Shabetal, J.R. [190], Egypt K001151832 Yes
Furuse, M. [40522], Japan K001152419 Yes
Thompson, G.W.S.M. [204], Tanzania K001157820 Yes
Sintenis, P.E.E. [918], Cyprus K001151726 Yes
Furuse, M. [40522], Japan K001152420 Yes
Coveny, R. [6087], Australia K001153916 Yes
Townsend, C.C. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151250 Yes
Hepper, F.N. [4455], Sri Lanka K001152686 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152736 Yes
Ratter, J.A. [4262], Brazil K000903981 Yes
Collett, H. [416], India K001152660 Yes
Matthew, K.M. [46324], India K001152666 Yes
Aitchison, J.E.T. [314], Afghanistan K001151692 Yes
Whiting, M.M. [35/60], Morocco K001152226 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152731 Yes
Sontag [s.n.], South Korea K001152457 Yes
Herb Horsfield, T. [s.n.], Indonesia K001153523 Yes
Bourgeau, E. [934], Spain K001152299 Yes
Thomson, T. [s.n.] K001152622 Yes
Drummond, J.R. [2293], India K001152649 Yes
Rodway, J.A. [2694], Australia K001153919 Yes
MacDonald, E.C. [233], Australia K001153920 Yes
Collett, R. [s.n.], Norway K001151310 Yes
Thomson, T. [s.n.] K001152658 Yes
Czernous, M. [s.n.], Ukraine K001151276 Yes
s.coll [462], Switzerland K001151288 Yes
Collenette, I.S. [6212], Saudi Arabia K001151680 Yes
Petterson, B. [16511], Sudan K001156478 Yes
Andronikos, H. [675], Cyprus K001151722 Yes
Omerz, S. [37810], Iraq K001151749 Yes
Drummond, J.R. [25857], India K001152662 Yes
Gamble, J.S. [29936], United Kingdom K001151216 Yes
Murray, G.W. [3787], Egypt K001151934 Yes
Herb Dalzell, N.A. [s.n.], India K001152679 Yes
Chin, S.C. [3713], Malaysia K001153277 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151265 Yes
Boog [s.n.], Brazil K000903977 Yes
Bai-Zhong, X. [4195], China K001152435 Yes
Idjan [63], Indonesia K001153533 Yes
Tanaki Ammal, E.K. [1523], India K001152650 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151325 Yes
Alizzi, H. [34718], Iraq K001151754 Yes
Memeryan [5159], Iraq K001151794 Yes
s.coll [4087] K001152675 Yes
Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151218 Yes
Famzi [39509], Iraq K001151755 Yes
Whitehead, J.C. [JW162], Indonesia K001153526 Yes
Bourgeau, E. [2555], Mexico K000063875 Yes
Taylor, M. [126], Mexico K000063872 Yes
s.coll [4478A], India K001152655 Yes
Herb Churchillanum [449] K001151307 Yes
Pahlman, G. [s.n.] K001151322 Yes
Fraser, J. [s.n.], United Kingdom K001151525 Yes
Lousley, J.E. [W834], United Kingdom Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151367 Yes
Sandwith, C.I. [3169a], United Kingdom Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151368 Yes
Kucera, J. [171/1], Slovakia Solanum nigrum subsp. schultesii K001151380 Yes
Strobl, P.G. [s.n.] Solanum moschatum K001151313 Yes
Todaro, A. [875] Solanum moschatum K001151314 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] Solanum moschatum K001151312 Yes
Solomon, J.C. [8611], Bolivia Solanum acutifolium K001162543 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 186 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
  • Barkalov, V.Y. (ed.) (1991). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 5: 1-388. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Jongbloed, M., Western, R.A. & Boer, B. (2000). Annotated Check-list for plants in the U.A.E.: 1-90. Zodiac Publishing, Dubai.
  • Kozhevnikov, A.E., Kozhevnikov, Z.V., Kwak, M. & Lee, B.Y. (2019). Illustrated flora of the Primorsky Territory, Russian Far East: 1-1124. National institute of biological resources.
  • Kress, W.J., DeFilipps, R.A., Farr, E. & Kyi, D.Y.Y. (2003). A Checklist of the Trees, Shrubs, Herbs and Climbers of Myanmar Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 45: 1-590. Smithsonian Institution.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Nasir, Y.J. (1985). Flora of Pakistan 168: 1-61. Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Newman, M., Ketphanh, S., Svengsuksa, B., Thomas, P., Sengdala, K., Lamxay, V. & Armstrong, K. (2007). A checklist of the vascular plants of Lao PDR: 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 2: 367-766. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Särkinen, T. & al. (2018). A revision of the Old World black nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223.
  • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (1994). Flora of China 17: 1-378. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Not accepted by

  • Chadde, S.W. (2019). Minnesota Flora. An illustrated guide to the vascular plants of Minnesota ed. 2: 1-776. Steve W. Chadde. [Cited as Solanum ptychanthum.]

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

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  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 218
  • Sp. Pl. 186 (1753) (incl. vars.)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Ann. Transvaal Mus. 3, 3: 162 (1912) pro parte.
  • Binns, First Check List Herb. Fl. Malawi: 99 (1968) saltem pro parte.
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 38: 177 (1906) saltem pro parte quoad specim. ex Malawi, Buchanan 7, non Lam. (1794).
  • Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 45: 490 (1911).
  • Bull. Jard. Bot. État 33, Suppl.: 874 (1963) pro parte.
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  • J. Williamson, Useful Pl. Nyasaland: 109 (1956) saltem pro parte.
  • Ross, Fl. Natal: 308 (1972).
  • Sp. Pl.: 186 (1753) pro parte.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://doi.org/10.3897/phytokeys.123.31738 epublication.
  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Aver'ianov, L.V. & al. (2006). Illyustrirovannyi opredelitel' rastenii Leningradskoi oblasti: 1-799. Nauka, Moskva.
  • Barkalov, V.Y. (ed.) (1991). Plantae Vasculares Orientalis Extremi Sovietici 5: 1-388. Nauka, Leningrad.
  • Ghazanfar, S.A. (1992). An Annotated Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Oman and their Vernacular names Scripta Botanica Belgica 2: 1-153.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Yamazaki, T., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1993). Flora of Japan IIIa: 1-482. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh l?c các loài th?c v?t Vi?t Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà N?i : Nhà xu?t b?n Nông nghi?p.
  • Polozhij, A.V. & Peschkova, G.A. (eds.) (2007). Flora of Siberia 12: 1-221. Scientific Publishers, Inc., Enfield, Plymouth.
  • Sarder, N.U. & Hassan, M.A. (eds.) (2018). Vascular flora of Chittagong and the Chittagong Hill Tracts 3: 1-978. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Särkinen, T. & al. (2018). A revision of the Old World black nightshades (Morelloid clade of Solanum L., Solanaceae) PhytoKeys 106: 1-223.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 2: 99 (1851)
  • Afr. Indig. Veget.: 188 (2000)
  • African Journal of Ecology, 43:158 (2005);
  • Blundell, Wild Fl. E. Afr.: 190 (1992) sensu lato
  • Boissier, Fl. Orient. 4: 284 (1879) pro parte
  • Bothalia 18(1): 82 (1988)
  • Bothalia 25(1): 46 (1995)
  • Contrib. Queensland Herb. 16: 19 (1974)
  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 50 (1852)
  • Dunal, Synopsis: 12 (1816)
  • Durand & Durand, Syll. Fl. Cong.: 393 (1909)
  • E. & P. Pf.: 22 (1895)
  • E.J. 38: 178 (1907)
  • E.P.A.: 874 (1963)
  • Edmonds & Chweya, Black Nightshades: 28 (1997)
  • F.P.N.A.: 874 (1947) pro parte
  • F.R. 63: 290 (1960)
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 216 (1906) sensu lato
  • F.W.T.A. 2nd ed., 2: 335 (1963)
  • F.Z. 8(4): 85 (2005);
  • Fl. Brit. India: 229 (1885) sensu lato
  • Fl. Cap., 4(1): 89 (1904) sensu lato
  • Fl. Egypt 3: 39 (2002);
  • Fl. Egypt, Family 159: 18 (1998)
  • Fl. Eth. 5: 117 (2006);
  • Fl. Europ. 3: 197 (1972)
  • Fl. Iran.: 7 (1972) sensu lato
  • G. Don, Gen. Hist. Dichlam. Pl. 4: 412 (1837)
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 3: 745 (1898)
  • Hochgebirgsfl. Trop. Afr.: 372 (1892)
  • Huxley et al., New RHS Dict. Gard. 4: 319 (1992)
  • Israel Journ. Bot. 27: 94 (1978)
  • Jaeger, Syst. studies Solanum in Africa: 299 (1985, ined.);
  • Journ. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 46 (1981)
  • Lowe, Man. Fl. Madeira 2: 73 (1872)
  • Légum. Afr. Indig.: 373 (2004);
  • Manoko, Syst. Study African Solanum sect. Solanum: chapters 1, 5–8 (2007).
  • Mansfeld, Encycl. Ag. & Hort. Crops 4: 1807 (2001);
  • P.O.A. C: 351 (1896)
  • Pak. Journ. Bot. 23(2): 270 (1991)
  • Pers., Syn. Pl., 1: 224 (1805)
  • Phytoparasitica 13(1): 63 (1985)
  • Pl. Cabo Verde 8: 177 (1980):
  • Post, Fl. Syria, Palestine & Sinai: 257 (1933)
  • Purdie et al., Fl. Austral. 29: 99 (1982)
  • Ross, Fl. Natal: 308 (1972)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 186 (1753)
  • Troupin, Fl. Rwanda: 380 (1985)
  • Täckholm, Students Fl. Egypt, ed. 2: 473 (1974) pro parte
  • U.K.W.F. ed. 2: 242 (1994)
  • U.K.W.F: 526 (1974) sensu lato
  • Uganda: papers i-vi (2004)
  • W.F.K.: 89 (1948)

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
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  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

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  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
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  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

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