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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Europe, Macaronesia to Iran, Tropical Africa.


Hyacinthaceae, Brita Stedje, Ph.D.. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Plants ± robust and flowering with the leaves Bulb often fibrous at the top
Morphology Leaves
Leaves linear to lanceolate, glabrous, usually uniformly green
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape erect, usually single, glabrous or pubescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a raceme; pedicels smooth or pubescent, spreading in flower, erect in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white to blue
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments free or united at the base, often with a coloured midrib
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments flattened and often united with each other at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary sessile or with a short carpophore with 2 or more ovules per locule
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds black and flattened to turgid.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central African Repu, Central European Rus, Chad, Congo, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, France, Føroyar, Gabon, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kenya, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Malawi, Morocco, Mozambique, North Caucasus, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Selvagens, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Switzerland, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Western Sahara, Yugoslavia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

British Columbia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Mexico Central, Michigan, Missouri, Netherlands, New Brunswick, New Jersey, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Northwest European R, Ohio, Ontario, Pennsylvania, Québec, South Australia, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Wisconsin

Scilla L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Wild, H. [3107], Zimbabwe 2474.000
Germain, R. [4441], Congo, DRC 2475.000
Wild, H. [3150], Zimbabwe 2476.000
Lee Mays, S. [13836A], Zimbabwe 4505.000
Wild, H. [40284], Zimbabwe 5483.000
Tanzania 5488.000
Ethiopia 6049.361

First published in Sp. Pl.: 308 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R.H.A. (2011). World checklist of selected plant families published update Facilitated by the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 548.
  • Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 438 (1762)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Baker in F.T.A. 7: 548 (1898), pro parte
  • Jessop in Journ. S. Afr. Bot. 36: 240 (1970)
  • sp Pl.: 308 (1753)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at and
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew