Echium Tourn. ex L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Central Asia, N. Africa.


Boraginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Annual, biennial or perennial hispid herbs or shrubs with an indumentum of tubercle-based setae and often an underlayer of short stiff adpressed or spreading hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence thyrsoid, with lateral helicoid cymes often much enlarging in fruit
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deeply 5-lobed, usually accrescent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla blue, purple, yellow or white; tube broadly to narrowly funnel-shaped, straight, ± hairy outside, inside usually with a ring of 5–10 distinct scales or lobes or an undulate entire somewhat fleshy collar-like membrane at the base; throat ± oblique, open; limb usually oblique with unequal lobes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 5, often unequal, included or exserted
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Style exserted; stigma bifid or sometimes capitate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets 4, ± triangular at the base, usually rugose.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Central European Rus, Chad, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Krasnoyarsk, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Selvagens, Sicilia, Sinai, South European Russi, Spain, Sudan, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Siberia, Western Sahara, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alaska, Alberta, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arkansas, Brazil South, British Columbia, Buryatiya, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile South, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Georgia, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Khabarovsk, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Maine, Manitoba, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Sakhalin, Saskatchewan, South Australia, South Carolina, South Dakota, St.Helena, Tanzania, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Uruguay, Utah, Vermont, Victoria, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Western Australia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

Echium Tourn. ex L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Rico, L. [1911], Morocco K000564903 No
Rico, L. [1946], Morocco K000564872 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 139 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2001). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS E-F: 1-50919.


Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 175 (1754)
  • Sp. Pl.: 139 (1753)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.