Genus:
Blechnum L.

Blechnum spicant (L.) Roth

This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, NW. Africa, Europe to Iran, Japan, S. Alaska to W. U.S.A.

Native to:

Alaska, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baltic States, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Canary Is., Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Madeira, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Oregon, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Ukraine, Washington, Yugoslavia

English
Hard Fern

Blechnum spicant (L.) Roth appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Douglas, D. [s.n.] K001092778 Unknown type material Yes

First published in Ann. Bot. (Usteri) 10: 56 (1794)

Accepted by

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & Parris, B.S. (2020). Pteridophytes of Turkey - A revised check-list and their relationship to Europe and the West Himalaya. Indian Journal of Forestry 43: 263-284.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florası (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfı/Nezahat Gökyiğit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Schäfer, H. (2021). Flora of the Azores a field guide: 1-445. Margraf Publishers GmbH.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.

Not accepted by

  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World. Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. [Cited as Struthiopteris spicant.]

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Gonggrijp, S. & al. (2021). Nova Flora Neerlandica, Lycopodiopsida & Polypodiopsida: 1-275. KNVV uitgeverij.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Merryweather, J. (2020). Britain's Ferns. A field guide to the clubmosses, quillworts, horsetails and ferns of Great Britain and Ireland: 1-280. Princeton University Press.
  • Prelli, R. & Boudrie, M. (2021). Les Fougères et plantes alliées d'Europe: 1-528. BIOTOPE.

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Living Collection Database

    Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Copyright applied to individual images