Juniperus communis L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1040 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Subarctic & Temp. Northern Hemisphere. It is a subshrub or tree and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Alaska, Albania, Algeria, Altay, Amur, Arizona, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Buryatiya, California, Central European Russia, Chita, Colorado, Connecticut, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Finland, France, Føroyar, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Greenland, Hungary, Iceland, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Irkutsk, Italy, Japan, Kamchatka, Kazakhstan, Kentucky, Khabarovsk, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Krym, Kuril Is., Labrador, Lebanon-Syria, Magadan, Maine, Manchuria, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mongolia, Montana, Morocco, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Newfoundland, North Carolina, North Caucasus, North Dakota, North European Russia, Northwest European Russia, Northwest Territories, Norway, Nova Scotia, Nunavut, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pakistan, Pennsylvania, Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Québec, Rhode I., Romania, Sakhalin, Sardegna, Sicilia, South Carolina, South Dakota, South European Russia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Tennessee, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Tuva, Ukraine, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Yakutskiya, Yugoslavia, Yukon

Introduced into:

Assam

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Adams, R.P. (2008). Junipers of the World: The genus Juniperus ed. 2: 1-402. Trafford publishing Co., Vancouver.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ebel, A.L., Buko, T.E., Sheremetova, S.A., Yakovleva, G.I. & Kuprijanov, A.N. (2009). New species of vascular plants from Kemerovo region. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 94: 106-113.
  • Hassler, M. & Muer, T. (2022). Flora Germanica: alle Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Deutschlands in Text und Bild 1: 1-864. Verlag Regionalkultur, Uberstadt-Weiher.
  • Meades, S.J. & Brouillet, L. (2019). Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Newfoundland and Labrador https://newfoundland-labradorflora.ca/checklist/.
  • Mirek, Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa, H., Zając, A. & Zając, M (2020). Vascular plants of Poland an annotated checklist: 1-526. W. Szafer institute of botany, Polish academy of sciences, Krakow, Poland.
  • Mohlenbrock, R.H. (2014). Vascular Flora of Illinois. A Field Guide, ed. 4: 1-536. Southern Illinois University Press, Carbondale.
  • Nikolin, E.G. (2020). Opredelitel' vysshikh rasteniy Yakutii: 1-895. Moskva : Tovarishchestvo Nauchnykh Izdaniy KMK Novosibirsk "Nauka".
  • Sheremetova, S.A., Ebel, A.L. & Buko, T.E. (2011). Supplement to the flora of Kemerovo region since 2001 till 2010. Turczaninowia 14(1): 65-74.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2021). https://doi.org/10.20324/nelumbo/v63/2021/165154. epublication.
  • Adams, R.P. (2008). Junipers of the World: The genus Juniperus ed. 2: 1-402. Trafford publishing Co., Vancouver.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Ebel, A.L., Buko, T.E., Sheremetova, S.A., Yakovleva, G.I. & Kuprijanov, A.N. (2009). New species of vascular plants from Kemerovo region. Botanicheskii Zhurnal. Moscow & Leningrad 94: 106-113.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Kral, R., Diamond, A.R., Ginzbarg, S.L., Hansen, C.J., Haynes, R.R., Keener, B.R., Lelong, M.G., Spaulding, D.D. & Woods, M. (2011). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Alabama: 1-112. Botanical reseach institute of Texas.
  • Mateos, M.A. & Valdés, B. (2009). Catálogo de la flora vascular del Rif occidental calizo (N de Marruecos). I Selaginellaceae - Rosaceae. Lagascalia 29: 105-257.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 1, 2012 Sofejkova, T. [52] Russia K000554706 No
Sep 1, 2009 Mosolova, S.; Prikhodko, S. [BLCKg3] Kyrgyzstan K000553429 No
Sep 1, 2001 Silba, J. [B124] K000075136 No
Sep 1, 2001 Silba, J. [B119] K000075137 No
Jun 1, 2001 Went, F.W. [337] K000088310 No
May 1, 2001 Davis, P.H.; Hedge, I. [31579] Turkey K000089232 No
May 1, 2001 Davis, P.H.; Hedge, I. [30359] Turkey K000089242 No
May 1, 2001 Krasnoborov, I. [4951] Russia K000089558 No
May 1, 2001 Davis, P.H. [26278] Turkey K000089234 No
May 1, 2001 Davis, P.H.; Polunin, O. [23507] Turkey K000089239 No
Apr 1, 2001 Sintenis, P.E.E. [5536] Turkey K000089241 No
Apr 1, 2001 Balls, E.K.; Gourlay, W.B. [2014] Turkey K000089229 No
Apr 1, 2001 Sintenis, P.E.E. [462] Turkey K000089244 No
Jun 1, 2000 Faurie, U.J., [Père] [3409] Japan K000089646 No
Jan 1, 2000 Furuse, M. [26412] Japan K000075143 No
Nov 1, 1999 McCalla, W.C. [2443] Canada K000088451 No
Jul 1, 1999 Pammel, L.H. [878] K000088343 No
Jul 1, 1999 Eastwood, A. [2201] K000088453 No
Jul 1, 1999 Schuette, J.H. [s.n.] K000088344 No
Jul 1, 1999 Clokey, I.W. [7822] K000088335 No
Jul 1, 1999 Baker, C.F. [876] K000088341 No
Jul 1, 1999 Fernald, M.L.; Long, B.H. [6728] Canada K000088332 No
Jul 1, 1999 Spafford, F.G. [89] Canada K000088327 No
Jul 1, 1999 Rousseau, J. [35334] Canada K000088315 No
Jul 1, 1999 Calder, J.A.; Savile, D.B.O. [21263] Canada K000088459 No
Jul 1, 1999 Zanoni, T.A. [2002] K000088349 No
Jul 1, 1999 Shaw, C.H. [89] Canada K000088462 No
Jul 1, 1999 Chapman, F.S. [289] Greenland K000088444 No
Jul 1, 1999 Macdougal, D.T. [631] K000088336 No
Jul 1, 1999 Fernald, M.L.; Long, B.H. [6730] Canada K000088323 No
Jul 1, 1999 Vreeland, F.K. [1062] K000088450 No
Jul 1, 1999 Moir, T.R.G. [433] Canada K000088458 No
Jul 1, 1999 Jack, J.G. [s.n.] Canada K000088325 No
Jul 1, 1999 Kirkwood, J.E. [2169] K000088449 No
Jul 1, 1999 Scoggan, H.J. [6865] Canada K000088312 No
Jul 1, 1999 Cody, W.J. [4199] Canada K000088326 No
Jul 1, 1999 Fendler, A. [836] K000088346 No
Jul 1, 1999 Baldwin, W.K.W. [4408] Canada K000088324 No
Jul 1, 1999 Rousseau, J. [35643] Canada K000088313 No
Jul 1, 1999 Soper, J.H.; Burcher, R.P. [2146] Canada K000088320 No
Jul 1, 1999 Rydberg, P.A.; Bessey, E.A. [3542] K000088342 No
Jul 1, 1999 Thompson, J.W. [7940] K000088455 No
Jul 1, 1999 Elrod, M.J. [s.n.] K000088337 No
Jul 1, 1999 Gates, R.R.; Mellanby, K. [s.n.] Canada K000088322 No
Jul 1, 1999 Eastwood, A. [34] Canada K000088319 No
Jul 1, 1999 Sandberg, J.H. [768] K000088456 No
Jul 1, 1999 Fernald, M.L.; Wiegand, K.M. [2422] Canada K000088331 No
Jul 1, 1999 Rosendahl, C.O. [1979] Canada K000088463 No
Jul 1, 1999 St. John, H. [1114] Canada K000088328 No
Jul 1, 1999 St. John, H. [1115] Canada K000088329 No
Jul 1, 1999 Fernald, M.L.; Wiegand, K.M. [4421] Canada K000088317 No
Jul 1, 1999 Thompson, J.W. [7550] K000088457 No
Jul 1, 1999 Perry, L.M.; Roscoe, M.V. [33] Canada K000088330 No
Jul 1, 1999 Rehder, A. [611] K000088347 No
Jul 1, 1999 Parks, H.E.; Parks, S.T. [5647] K000088454 No
Jul 1, 1999 Trapnell, C.G. [381] Greenland K000088445 No
Jul 1, 1999 Copeland, E.B. [3782] K000088452 No
Jul 1, 1999 Hitchcock, C.L. [2087] K000088448 No
Jul 1, 1999 Porsild, A.E.; Porsild, R.T. [3188] Canada K000088321 No
Jul 1, 1999 Gates, R.R.; Mellanby, K. [s.n.] Canada K000088318 No
Jul 1, 1999 Bozeman, J.R.; Pence, N. [7598] K000088345 No
Jul 1, 1999 Moir, T.R.G. [227] Canada K000088460 No
Jul 1, 1999 Shaw, C.H. [692] Canada K000088461 No
Jul 1, 1999 Rossmore, Lord [77] Greenland K000088446 No
Jul 1, 1999 Lodge, E.L. [s.n.] K000088340 No
Jul 1, 1999 Baker, C.F.; Earle, F.S. [335] K000088311 No
Jul 1, 1999 Moir, T.R.G. [74] Canada K000088316 No
Jul 1, 1999 Nelson, A. [7925] K000088334 No
Jul 1, 1999 Gray, A. [s.n.] K000088338 No
Jul 1, 1999 Chapman, F.S. [169] Greenland K000088447 No
Jul 1, 1999 Bennett, F.L. [s.n.] K000088339 No
Jul 1, 1999 Myers, R. [57] K000088348 No
Jul 1, 1999 Nelson, A.; Nelson, E.W. [5498] K000088333 No
Jul 1, 1999 Rousseau, J. [35313] Canada K000088314 No
Jan 1, 1999 Werdermann, E.; Meyer, D. [180] Italy K000089154 No
Jan 1, 1999 Borza, A.; Nyßrßdy, E.I. [919b] Romania K000089151 No
Jan 1, 1999 Olson, A.O. [s.n.] Sweden K000553509 No
Jan 1, 1999 Britton, C.E. [3231] United Kingdom K000553498 No
Jan 1, 1999 Krajina, V. [201] Slovakia K000089150 No
Jan 1, 1999 Timothée, M. [s.n.] France K000553486 No
Jan 1, 1999 Melville, R. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000553495 No
Jan 1, 1999 Wright, L.S. [s.n.] Norway K000553484 No
Jan 1, 1999 Womersley, J.S. [E78] Norway K000553483 No
Jan 1, 1999 Sandwith, N.Y. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000089117 No
Jan 1, 1999 Turrill, W.B. [105] Iceland K000553481 No
Jan 1, 1999 Garcia, J.G.; Murta, F. [251] Portugal K000089160 No
Jan 1, 1999 Townsend, C.C. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000553497 No
Jan 1, 1999 Woodward, A.S. [s.n.] Norway K000553482 No
Jan 1, 1999 Tedd, H.G. [1589] Greece K000553493 No
Jan 1, 1999 Webb, A. [s.n.] Ireland K000553504 No
Jan 1, 1999 Balls, E.K.; Gourlay, W.B. [3228] Greece K000553494 No
Jan 1, 1999 Ross-Craig, S. [1352] Ireland K000553502 No
Jan 1, 1999 Favrat, L. [s.n.] Switzerland K000089152 No
Jan 1, 1999 Brummitt, R.K.; Polhill, R.M. [5615] Norway K000089158 No
Jan 1, 1999 Stainton, J.D.A. [7495] Greece K000089137 No
Jan 1, 1999 McBurton, J. [1202] United Kingdom K000553501 No
Jan 1, 1999 Johnston, H.H. [3231] United Kingdom K000089118 No
Jan 1, 1999 Stainton, J.D.A. [7985] K000089136 No
Jan 1, 1999 Halliwell, B.H. [1029] Spain K000089162 No
Jan 1, 1999 öhrstedt, G. [s.n.] Sweden K000553511 No
Jan 1, 1999 Olsson, O. [s.n.] Sweden K000553508 No
Jan 1, 1999 Wettstein, R. [1839] Austria K000553489 No
Jan 1, 1999 Strobl, P.G. [s.n.] Italy K000089155 No
Jan 1, 1999 Martins, M. [70] Norway K000553506 No
Jan 1, 1999 Alm, C.G. [1723] Sweden K000089159 No
Jan 1, 1999 Meebold, A. [s.n.] Switzerland K000553488 No
Jan 1, 1999 Menzies, I.S. [4654] United Kingdom K000553500 No
Jan 1, 1999 Ahlberg, F. [s.n.] Norway K000553485 No
Jan 1, 1999 Fraser, J. [s.n.] United Kingdom K000553499 No
Jan 1, 1999 Price, W.R. [1560] United Kingdom K000089116 No
Jan 1, 1999 Hunt, P.F. [1306] United Kingdom K000553496 No
Jan 1, 1999 Ellman, E.; Hubbard, C.E. [1111] Spain K000089161 No
Jan 1, 1999 Bujorean, G. [918] Romania K000553492 No
Jan 1, 1999 Drummond, R.B. [649] Ireland K000089119 No
Jan 1, 1999 Turrill, W.B.; Strianoff, ? [860] Bulgaria K000089138 No
Jan 1, 1999 Milbonon, B.V. [165] Sweden K000553510 No
Jan 1, 1999 Gamble, J.S. [27839] Ireland K000553505 No
Jan 1, 1999 Ross-Craig, S. [1221] Ireland K000553503 No
Jan 1, 1999 Turrill, W.B. [714] Bulgaria K000089139 No
Jan 1, 1999 Ahlberg, F. [s.n.] Norway K000553507 No
Jan 1, 1999 Löve, A.; Löve, D. [A28] Iceland K000089156 No
Jan 1, 1999 Fiori, A.; Béguinot, A. [2804] Italy K000553487 No
Jan 1, 1999 Meebold, A. [s.n.] Switzerland K000553512 No
Dec 1, 1998 Tobey, C. [891] Turkey K000089243 No
Dec 1, 1998 Sintenis, P.E.E. [3140] Turkey K000089245 No
Dec 1, 1998 Price, M.P. [133] Kazakhstan K000089565 No
Dec 1, 1998 Ignatov, P.G. [s.n.] Russia K000089566 No
Dec 1, 1998 Davis, P.H.; Heywood, V. [18449] Turkey K000089235 No
Dec 1, 1998 Furuse, M. [25409] Japan K000075141 No
Dec 1, 1998 Krasnoborov, I.; Grushevskaya, T. [997] Russia K000089559 No
Dec 1, 1998 Davis, P.H.; Heywood, V. [18403] Turkey K000089230 No
Dec 1, 1998 Aucher-Eloy, P.M.R. [2892] Turkey K000089246 No
Dec 1, 1998 Tugarinov, A.I. [s.n.] Russia K000089556 No
Dec 1, 1998 Ohwi, J. [399] Russia K000075140 No
Dec 1, 1998 Gamble, J.S. [18953] Switzerland K000089153 No
Dec 1, 1998 Barclay, C. [1524] Turkey K000089236 No
Dec 1, 1998 Weinerbyhagen, R.; Clay, T. [1003] Iceland K000089157 No
Dec 1, 1998 Krilov, P.N. [s.n.] Russia K000089557 No
Dec 1, 1998 Rechinger, K.H.; Rechinger, F. [6208] Iran K000089251 No
Dec 1, 1998 Furuse, M. [9495] Japan K000075142 No
Dec 1, 1998 Wilson, E.H. [7021] Japan K000075139 No
Dec 1, 1998 Ledebour, C.F., von [s.n.] Russia K000089567 No
Dec 1, 1998 Davis, P.H. [14804] Turkey K000089240 No
Dec 1, 1998 Komarov, V.L. [s.n.] Russia K000089568 No
Nov 1, 1998 Davis, P.H.; Polunin, O. [24869] Turkey K000089233 No
Nov 1, 1998 Davis, P.H. [18515] Turkey K000089238 No
Nov 1, 1998 Davis, P.H.; Coode, M.J.E. [38302] Turkey K000089237 No
Nov 1, 1998 McNeill, ? [562] Turkey K000089231 No
Sep 1, 1998 Khan, M.S.; Prance, G.T. [484] Turkey K000089248 No
Sep 1, 1998 Davis, P.H.; Coode, M.J.E. [37323] Turkey K000089253 No
Sep 1, 1998 Stainton, J.D.A.; Henderson, D.M. [5359] Turkey K000089250 No
Sep 1, 1998 Archibald, J.C. [2457] Iran K000089254 No
Sep 1, 1998 Stainton, J.D.A.; Henderson, D.M. [5080] Turkey K000089247 No
Sep 1, 1998 Hennipman, E. [2097] Turkey K000089252 No
Sep 1, 1998 Khan, M.S.; Prance, G.T. [742] Turkey K000089249 No
Aug 1, 1998 Edgeworth, M.P. [252B] India K000089910 No
Aug 1, 1998 Ellis, R. [1394] India K000089808 No
Aug 1, 1998 Wendelbo, P. [s.n.] Pakistan K000089809 No
Aug 1, 1998 Duthie, J.F. [s.n.] India K000089817 No
Aug 1, 1998 Rahman, A. [74] Pakistan K000089812 No
Aug 1, 1998 Ellis, R. [330] India K000089807 No
Aug 1, 1998 Drummond, J.R. [23413] India K000089813 No
Aug 1, 1998 Harris, Surg., Lt. [16660] Pakistan K000089810 No
Aug 1, 1998 Toppin, S.M. [511] Pakistan K000089811 No
Aug 1, 1998 Giles, ? [627] Pakistan K000089815 No
Aug 1, 1998 Bor, N.L. [14726] India K000089814 No
Aug 1, 1998 Ellis, R. [117] India K000089816 No
Apr 1, 1996 Flanagan, M.; Kirkham, A.S. [ESUS204] Russia K000089555 No
Debreczy, Z.; Rácz, I. [7922] K000088433 No
Webb, W.S. [Cat. no. 6044] India K001122886 Unknown Type Material No
Nyarady, E.I. [919A] Romania K000553491 No
Webb, W.S. [Cat. no. 6044] India K001122885 Unknown Type Material Yes

Sources

  • EDGE Gymnosperms

    • EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images