Skip to main content
This species is accepted, and its native range is Africa to Arabian Peninsula, Sri Lanka.
Bauhinia tomentosa

[FZ]

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–5(8) m high.
Morphology Branches
Young branches glabrous to pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves: petiole 0.5–2.5 cm; lamina 1–6(8) cm from base of midrib to tip of lobes, lobed from one third to one half its length with the angle between the lobes acute, somewhat cordate to truncate or rarely slightly cuneate at the base, the lobes rounded to slightly obtusely pointed, glabrous to minutely to fairly densely pubescent on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–2(7)-flowered at the ends of short branches or these aggregating into panicles of up to 25(40) flowers; axes and pedicels brown-pubescent to -tomentellous; pedicels 0.3–1.2 cm or up to 2.7 cm in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium 0.2–0.6 cm, funnel-shaped, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1–2.2(2.8) cm, smooth, in bud varying from rounded at the apex to abruptly narrowed into a short apiculum or narrow beak up to 6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1.7–5.5 cm long, suborbicular to obovate or elliptic, not or scarcely clawed, entirely yellow (forma concolor) or yellow with a deep red to purplish or brownish blotch at the base of the upper petal or occasionally on the three uppermost petals (forma >i>tomentosa).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 10.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary densely pubescent to tomentose; stigma obliquely peltate or the margins on the lower side decurrent down the upper style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods (6.5)8–13 × 1.2–1.7 cm, linear-oblong, usually markedly parallel-sided, thinly woody, ± straw-coloured to pale brown, glabrescent to occasionally tomentose, usually 8–12-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds blackish-brown, 7–10 mm long, 5–7 mm broad, strongly compressed, ellipsoid.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–8 m high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1–7 (–10) x 1.2–6.5 (–11) cm, bilobed to 0.3(–0.5) way down, glabrous to finely pubescent beneath; lobes rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 1–2(–7)-flowered; pedicels 0.7–2.7 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.2–2.6 cm long before anthesis, glabrous or pubescent; hypanthium short, funnel-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals sulphur yellow, 1–3 of them often maroon blotched at base, subcircular to obovate or elliptic, (2.5–)3–5.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 10, free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods thinly woody, 6.5–13 x (1–)1.3–2 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown or blackish, ovate-elliptic, compressed, 7–9 x 5–6 mm.
Distribution
S3 eastern Africa from S Ethiopia and Kenya south to South Africa and westwards to Dem. Rep. Congo and Angola, also in Asia, sometimes grown for ornament.
Ecology
Coastal

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–8 m. high.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets glabrous, puberulous or ± pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable in size, 1–6.9(–10.2) cm. long, 1.2–6.5(–11) cm. wide, bilobed at apex to one-third way down or less, rarely to half way or a little more; lobes rounded; lower surface glabrous, appressed-puberulous, or ± pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 1–2(–7)-flowered, lateral or terminal, occasionally aggregated.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles small and inconspicuous, not enfolding the flower-buds.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 0.7–2.7 cm. long.
Morphology General Buds
Flower-buds:upper part (i.e. sepals) ovate in outline, 1.2–2.6 cm. long before anthesis, glabrous or pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium 2–6 mm. long; smooth or slightly sulcate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals subcircular to obovate or elliptic, (2.4–)3–5.5 cm. long, (1.5–)2–4.6 cm. wide, not or scarcely clawed, sulphur-yellow, 1–3 of them often (not always) blotched at base with dark brown or purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 10.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 2.5–3 mm. across, rather variable in appearance, terminal, peltate or with one side produced downwards; style gradually enlarged towards the stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods thinly woody, dehiscent, 6.5–13 cm. long, (1–)1.3–2 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds blackish or blackish-brown, ± elliptic, 7–9 mm. long, 5–6 mm. wide; funicle short.
Habitat
Near dry lowland and riverine forest, in wooded grassland and deciduous bushland; 0–1520 (?–2130)m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T6 T8 also in Ethiopia, French Somaliland, Somali Republic (S.), the Congo Republic, and extending southwards to Angola, Zambia, Rhodesia, the Transvaal and Natalalso in Asia

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian scrub forest, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Bell Bauhinia, Fleur du Sacre-coeur, Flor De Azufre, Gorro De Napoleon, Guacamaya Americana, Kachnar, Kaha-petan, Mariposa, Petan, St. Thomas' Tree, Yellow Bauhinia, Yellow Butterfly Tree

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Fibre, Medicine, Miscellaneous

Doubtfully present in:

Nepal

Native to:

Angola, Burundi, Cape Provinces, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Ascension, Bangladesh, Cameroon, China South-Central, China Southeast, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Gambia, Ghana, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Haiti, India, Leeward Is., Malaya, Marianas, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Pakistan, Puerto Rico, Sierra Leone, Taiwan, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Windward Is.

Bauhinia tomentosa L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1984 Welwitsch, F. [557], Angola K001091834
Jan 23, 1960 Volkens, G. [1765], Tanzania K000417713
Jan 23, 1960 Thomas [132], Kenya K000417714
Jan 1, 1954 Dawe, M.J. [375], Angola K001091835
Jan 1, 1954 Gossweiler, J. [425], Angola K001091871
Owens, S.J., USA 54094.000
Williamson, J. [s.n.], South Africa K000417684
Sanderson [554], South Africa K000417685
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5790], Nepal K001122136
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5790] K001122133
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5790] K001122135
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5790] K001122134
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5790], India K001122132
Telfair, C. [Cat. no. 5790], Mauritius K001122138
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5790], India K001122137
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5790] K001122131

First published in Sp. Pl.: 375 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). 61. Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2): 1-218. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Fairhurst, W. (2004). Flowering Plants of Ascension island: 1-300. Higham Press, Shirland, Alfreton, England.
  • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a checck-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-list: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Bak. f., Leguminosae of Tropical Africa: 654 (1930).
  • Battiscombe & Dale, Trees and Shrubs of Kenya Colony p. 62 (1936).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 97 (1961).
  • De Wit in Reinwardtia 3: 409 (1956).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 99 (1962).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 88 (1949).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 375 (1753).
  • Roti-Michelozzi in Webbia 13: 153, figs. 3, 4 (1957).
  • Torre & Hillcoat in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 192 (1956).
  • Wilczek in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 3: 271 (1952).

International Legume Database and Information Service

  • Ali, S. I. (1973). Flora of Pakistan, No. 54 Caesalpiniaceae. Karachi:Univ Karac
  • Ambasta, S. P. (1986). The useful plants of India
  • Brenan, J. P. M. (1967). Caesalp. In: Flora Trop. East Africa. Milne-Redhead & Polhill
  • De Wit, H. (1956). Reinwardtia 3:381-541. Malaysian Bauhinieae
  • Ding Hou, Larsen, S & Larsen, K (1996). Flora Malesiana I, 12, 2:409-784. Caesalpiniaceae.
  • Gamble, J. S. (1918). Flora of the Presidency of Madras, Vol. 1. (Parts 2-3) 1918-19
  • Horn, P. E. (1988). Herbarium References
  • Howard, R. A. et al. (1988). Dicotyledoneae Part 1. Fl. Lesser Antilles Arnold Arboretum
  • Leon, H. & Alain, H. (1951). Flora de Cuba 2:224-367 Leguminosas
  • Liogier, A. H. (1988). Desc. Flora Puerto Rico & Adjacent Is-Spermatophyta Vol. II
  • Parham, J. W. (1972). Plants of the Fiji Islands
  • Polhill, R, M. (1990). Legumineuses. In: Flore des Mascareignes, Vol 80. J. Bosser et a
  • Publ. & Inform. Directorate (1988). Wealth of India-Dictionary of Indian Raw Materials... Vol. 2.
  • Ross, J. H. (1982). Caesalpinoideae. In: Flora Southern Africa 16, pt. 1. Ross. J. H.
  • Rudd, V. E. (1991). Flora of Ceylon 7: 34-107. Caesalpinioideae
  • Saxena, H. O. & Brahman, M. (1994). The Flora of Orissa (Ranunculaceae to Fabaceae)
  • Verdcourt, B. (1979). A Manual of New Guinea Legumes. Office of Forests, Lae, PNG
  • White, F. (1983). The Vegetation of Africa

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Somalia
Flora of Somalia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

International Legume Database and Information Service
International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Science Photographs
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Legumes of the World Online
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/