Bauhinia tomentosa L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 375 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Africa to Arabian Peninsula, Sri Lanka. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Descriptions

Leguminosae, R.K. Brummitt, A.C. Chikuni, J.M. Lock and R.M. Polhill. Flora Zambesiaca 3:2. 2007

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–5(8) m high.
Morphology Branches
Young branches glabrous to pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves: petiole 0.5–2.5 cm; lamina 1–6(8) cm from base of midrib to tip of lobes, lobed from one third to one half its length with the angle between the lobes acute, somewhat cordate to truncate or rarely slightly cuneate at the base, the lobes rounded to slightly obtusely pointed, glabrous to minutely to fairly densely pubescent on both surfaces.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1–2(7)-flowered at the ends of short branches or these aggregating into panicles of up to 25(40) flowers; axes and pedicels brown-pubescent to -tomentellous; pedicels 0.3–1.2 cm or up to 2.7 cm in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium 0.2–0.6 cm, funnel-shaped, smooth.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1–2.2(2.8) cm, smooth, in bud varying from rounded at the apex to abruptly narrowed into a short apiculum or narrow beak up to 6 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 1.7–5.5 cm long, suborbicular to obovate or elliptic, not or scarcely clawed, entirely yellow (forma concolor) or yellow with a deep red to purplish or brownish blotch at the base of the upper petal or occasionally on the three uppermost petals (forma >i>tomentosa).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 10.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary densely pubescent to tomentose; stigma obliquely peltate or the margins on the lower side decurrent down the upper style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods (6.5)8–13 × 1.2–1.7 cm, linear-oblong, usually markedly parallel-sided, thinly woody, ± straw-coloured to pale brown, glabrescent to occasionally tomentose, usually 8–12-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds blackish-brown, 7–10 mm long, 5–7 mm broad, strongly compressed, ellipsoid.
[FZ]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–8 m high
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 1–7 (–10) x 1.2–6.5 (–11) cm, bilobed to 0.3(–0.5) way down, glabrous to finely pubescent beneath; lobes rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 1–2(–7)-flowered; pedicels 0.7–2.7 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.2–2.6 cm long before anthesis, glabrous or pubescent; hypanthium short, funnel-shaped
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals sulphur yellow, 1–3 of them often maroon blotched at base, subcircular to obovate or elliptic, (2.5–)3–5.5 cm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 10, free
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods thinly woody, 6.5–13 x (1–)1.3–2 cm
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds brown or blackish, ovate-elliptic, compressed, 7–9 x 5–6 mm.
Distribution
S3 eastern Africa from S Ethiopia and Kenya south to South Africa and westwards to Dem. Rep. Congo and Angola, also in Asia, sometimes grown for ornament.
Ecology
Coastal
[FSOM]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 1–8 m. high.
Morphology Branches
Branchlets glabrous, puberulous or ± pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves variable in size, 1–6.9(–10.2) cm. long, 1.2–6.5(–11) cm. wide, bilobed at apex to one-third way down or less, rarely to half way or a little more; lobes rounded; lower surface glabrous, appressed-puberulous, or ± pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 1–2(–7)-flowered, lateral or terminal, occasionally aggregated.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracteoles small and inconspicuous, not enfolding the flower-buds.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 0.7–2.7 cm. long.
Morphology General Buds
Flower-buds:upper part (i.e. sepals) ovate in outline, 1.2–2.6 cm. long before anthesis, glabrous or pubescent outside.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium 2–6 mm. long; smooth or slightly sulcate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals subcircular to obovate or elliptic, (2.4–)3–5.5 cm. long, (1.5–)2–4.6 cm. wide, not or scarcely clawed, sulphur-yellow, 1–3 of them often (not always) blotched at base with dark brown or purplish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Fertile stamens 10.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 2.5–3 mm. across, rather variable in appearance, terminal, peltate or with one side produced downwards; style gradually enlarged towards the stigma.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pods thinly woody, dehiscent, 6.5–13 cm. long, (1–)1.3–2 cm. wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds blackish or blackish-brown, ± elliptic, 7–9 mm. long, 5–6 mm. wide; funicle short.
Habitat
Near dry lowland and riverine forest, in wooded grassland and deciduous bushland; 0–1520 (?–2130)m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 K7 T2 T3 T6 T8 also in Ethiopia, French Somaliland, Somali Republic (S.), the Congo Republic, and extending southwards to Angola, Zambia, Rhodesia, the Transvaal and Natalalso in Asia
[FTEA]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Conservation
Not Threatened
Ecology
Africa: Zambezian scrub forest, Tongaland-Pondoland regional transition zone; bushland and thicket, Somalia-Masai bushland and thicket
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, Not climbing, Shrub/Tree
Vernacular
Bell Bauhinia, Fleur du Sacre-coeur, Flor De Azufre, Gorro De Napoleon, Guacamaya Americana, Kachnar, Kaha-petan, Mariposa, Petan, St. Thomas' Tree, Yellow Bauhinia, Yellow Butterfly Tree
[ILDIS]

Uses

Use
Chemical products, Domestic, Environmental, Fibre, Medicine, Miscellaneous
[ILDIS]

Common Names

English
St Thomas Tree

Sources

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    • International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Living Collection Database

    • Common Names from Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Living Collection https://www.kew.org/
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Legumes of the World Online

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/