Barleria L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 636 (1753)
This genus is accepted
The native range of this genus is Tropics & Subtropics.

Distribution

Native to:

Aldabra, Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Belize, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Egypt, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Free State, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Oman, Pakistan, Panamá, Philippines, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Socotra, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Sahara, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Bahamas, Brazil South, Caroline Is., Christmas I., Cuba, Dominican Republic, Fiji, Florida, French Guiana, Haiti, Hawaii, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Nauru, Netherlands Antilles, New Caledonia, Niue, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Seychelles, Society Is., Southwest Caribbean, Trinidad-Tobago, Vanuatu, Venezuelan Antilles, Western Australia, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Accepted Species

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Govaerts, R. (1996). World Checklist of Seed Plants 2(1, 2): 1-492. MIM, Deurne.
  • Shendage, S.M. & Yadav, S.R. (2010). Revision of the genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India. Rheedea 20: 81-130.

Kew Bulletin

  • Baillon, M. H. (1890). Sur quelques types anomaux d’Acanthacées. Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Paris 2: 835 – 838.
  • Balkwill, M. J. & Balkwill, K. (1997). Delimitation and infra-generic classification of Barleria (Acanthaceae). Kew Bull. 52: 535 – 573.
  • Balkwill, M. J. & Balkwill, K. (1998). A preliminary analysis of distribution patterns in a large, pantropical genus, Barleria L. (Acanthaceae). J. Biogeogr. 25: 95 – 110.
  • Benoist, R. (1967). Acanthacées. Tome I. In: H. Humbert (ed.), Flore de Madagascar et des Comores. Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Laboratoire de Phanérogamie, Paris.
  • Clarke, C. B. (1899). Barleria. In: I. H. Burkill & C. B. Clarke (1899 – 1900), Acanthaceae. In: W. T. Thiselton-Dyer (ed.), Flora of Tropical Africa 5: 140 – 169. L. Reeve & Co., London.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2009). A reassessment of the status of Barleria sect. Cavirostrata (Acanthaceae) in tropical Africa, with a new species, B. richardsiae, described from the Tanzania-Zambia border region. Kew Bull. 63: 601 – 611.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2010b). Barleria. In: H. J. Beentje (ed.), Flora of Tropical East Africa. Acanthaceae, pp. 325 – 442. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I. (2015). Barleria. In: J. R. Timberlake & E. S. Martins (eds), Flora Zambesiaca. Vol. 8 (6): 37 – 122. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Darbyshire, I., Fisher, A. E., Kiel, C. A. & McDade, L. A. (in press). Phylogenetic relationships among species of Barleria (Acanthaceae, Lamiales): molecular data reveal complex patterns of morphological evolution and support a revised classification. Taxon.
  • Darbyshire, I., Phillipson, P. B. & Rakotonasolo, F. (2014). Additions to the genus Barleria in Madagascar. Kew Bull. 69: 9513 (11 pages).
  • Ensermu Kelbessa (2006). Acanthaceae. In: I. Hedberg, Ensermu Kelbessa, S. Edwards, Sebsebe Demissew & E. Persson (eds), Flora of Ethiopia & Eritrea Vol. 5: 345 – 495. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University & The Department of Systematic Botany, Uppsala University.
  • Fenzl, E. (1844). Aufzählung mehrerer neuen aethiopischen pflanzen-gattungen und arten, nebst Anzeige einer erscheinenden synopsis florae aethiopicae. Flora 27: 309 – 312.
  • Hedrén, M. (2006b). Barleria. In: M. Thulin (ed.), Flora of Somalia. Vol. 3: 427 – 442. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Heine, H. (1963). Acanthaceae. In: F. N. Hepper (ed.), Flora of West Tropical Africa. Second Edition, Vol. 2: 391 – 432. Crown Agents for Overseas Governments and Administrations, London.
  • Heine, H. (1966). Acanthacées. In: A. Aubreville (ed.), Flore du Gabon Vol. 13: 3 – 250. Museum National d’Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Humbert, H. (1937). Isaloa, genre nouveau de Scrophulariacées de Madagascar. Bull. Soc. Bot. France 84: 313 – 317.
  • Linnaeus, C. (1753). Species Plantarum. Vol. 2. Salvius, Stockholm.
  • Meyer, P. G. (1968). 130. Acanthaceae. In H. Merxmüller (ed.), Prodromus einer Flora von Südwestafrika. J. Cramer, Germany.
  • Nees von Esenbeck, C. G. D. (1847). Acanthaceae. In: A. de Candolle (ed.), Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis. Vol. 11: 46 – 51. Masson, Paris.
  • Obermeyer, A. A. (1933). A revision of the South African species of Barleria. Ann. Transvaal Mus. 15: 123 – 180.
  • Oersted, A. S. (1854). Mexicos og Centralamerikas Acanthaceer. Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren. Kjøbenhavn: 113 – 181.
  • Shendage, S. M. & Yadav, S. R. (2010). Revision of the genus Barleria (Acanthaceae) in India. Rheedea 20: 81 – 130.
  • Singh, Y., Baijnath, H. & Condy, G. (2015). Barleria elegans. Fl. Pl. Africa 64: pl. 2316, 136 – 142.

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 5: 140.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl.: 636 (1753).
  • in J. Biogeogr. 25: 95–110 (1998).
  • —M.-J. & K. Balkwill in Kew Bull. 52: 535–573 (1997).
  • —Nees in De Candolle, Prodr. 11: 223 (1847).
  • —Obermeijer in Ann. Transv. Mus. 15: 127–180 (1933).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, (2000) Author: by M. Hedrén [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Oct 1, 2022 Francisco, M.; Rafael, M.; Camôngua, J. [FM1613] Angola K001495279 Yes
Oct 1, 2022 Francisco, M.; Rafael, M.; Camôngua, J. [FM1428] Angola K001495281 Yes
May 11, 2017 Tripp, E. [6933] Angola K001322243 Isotype Yes
Dec 22, 2015 Chamchumroon, V., et al. [5526] Thailand K000938776 Yes
Mar 1, 2015 Razakamalala, R., et al. [4482] Madagascar K000662580 No
Mar 1, 2014 Johnston, H.H. [s.n.] Angola K001009510 Syntype Yes
Nov 1, 2008 Crawford, F. [130] Namibia K000450266 Yes
Dec 23, 1899 Forbes, J. [s.n.] South Africa K000794971 Holotype Yes
Mar 19, 1897 Fischer, S. [114] Saudi Arabia K000885379 Syntype Yes
Mar 15, 1897 Welwitsch [5162] Angola K000394516 Unknown Type Material Yes
Mar 9, 1897 Welwitsch [5187] Angola K000394522 Type Yes
Mar 9, 1897 Monteiro, Monteiro [s.n.] Angola K000394524 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [2336] Tanzania K:SPC-17150.000 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2504] K001116236 Unknown Type Material Yes
Luke, W.R.Q.; Hammerlynck, O. [15415] Kenya K001574480 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7142] Burma K001126777 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6338] Tanzania K000468087 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2503] K001116227 Unknown Type Material Yes
Humbert, H. [16253] Angola K001009487 Yes
Onjalalaina, G.E.; Rabarijaona, N.R.; Ramahovelo; Tsisahira, M. [OLG631] Madagascar K001036907 Yes
Santos, R. [1115] Angola K001009483 Yes
Goyder, D.J. [8343] Angola K001333932 Holotype Yes
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 276] Madagascar K001572071 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2504] K001116233 Unknown Type Material Yes
Osborne, J.; Banze, A.; Datizua, C.; Mamba, A.; Mucaleque, P.; Rachide, T.; Maoji, S.O. (guide); Saide, R.O. (guide) [JO1688] Mozambique K001346930 No
Randrianarivony, T.; Rakotoarivony, F.; Bussman, R.W.; Zambrana, N.P.; Helison; Heriman, S. [558] Madagascar K001635471 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2504] K001116234 Unknown Type Material Yes
Thulin, M.; Dahir, A.; Osman, A. [10173] Somalia K000430892 Isotype Yes
Pearson, H.H.W. [2472] Angola K001009513 Yes
Thulin, M.; Dahir, A.; Osman, A. [10115] Somalia K000430893 Type Yes
South Africa K:SPC-25921.000 No
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 222] Madagascar K001572065 No
Rakotonasolo, F.; Ralimanana, H.; Rakotoarisoa, S.; Andrianirina, H.; Onjalalaina, G.E.; Rabarijaona, R.; Razafimandimby, J.-J. [RNF 2276] Madagascar K000953566 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2503] India K001116228 Unknown Type Material Yes
Keay, R.W.J. [28419] Cameroon K:SPC-13067.000 No
Pearson, H.H.W. [2722] Angola K001009489 Yes
Johnston, H.H. [s.n.] Angola K001009490 Type Yes
Davidse, G. Sri Lanka K001870094 No
Matimele, H.; Zandamela, J.; Osborne, J.; Rokni, S.; Langa, C.; Munwane, C.; Machuama, B. [HM 2604] Mozambique K001346041 Yes
Barbosa, G.; Moreno, F. [10228] Angola K001009486 Yes
Finlayson, G. [Cat. no. s.n.] K001132506 Unknown Type Material Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [1300] Tanzania K:SPC-13065.000 No
Iharivolana; Havinga, A.M. [Ih 399] Madagascar K001572059 No
Havinga, A.M.; Iharivolana [AMH 316] Madagascar K001572073 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2503] India K001116229 Unknown Type Material Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2498] K001116216 Unknown Type Material Yes
Rakotonasolo, F.; Ralimanana, H.; Rakotoarisoa, S.; Andrianirina, H.; Onjalalaina, G.E.; Rabarijaona, R.; Razafimandimby, J.-J. [RNF 2272] Madagascar K000953170 Yes
Baum, H. [951] Angola K001009509 Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [1528] Tanzania K:SPC-04211.000 No
Welwitsch [5068] Angola K000394523 Type Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] India K000797774 Unknown Type Material Yes
de Menezes, A. [874] Angola K001009484 Yes
Bally, P.R.O. [9950] Somalia K000430894 Holotype Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2498] K001116215 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6394] Tanzania K000468031 Yes
Pearson, H.H.W. [s.n.] Angola K001009511 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2503] K001116230 Unknown Type Material Yes
de Menezes, A. [779] Angola K001009508 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2504] K001116235 Unknown Type Material Yes
Gossweiler, J. [8268] Angola K001009529 Type Yes
Drummond, R.B.; Hemsley, J.H. [2377] Tanzania K:SPC-04210.000 No
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6381] Tanzania K000468044 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2504] K001116232 Unknown Type Material Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7142] Burma K001126776 Unknown Type Material Yes
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6180] Tanzania K000468245 Yes
Baum, H. [939] Angola K001009488 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2497] K001116214 Unknown Type Material Yes
Faulkner, H.G. [A362] Angola K001009485 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2504] K001116237 Unknown Type Material Yes
[2279] K:SPC-02795.000 No
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6144] Tanzania K000468281 Yes
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6328] Tanzania K000468097 Yes
Milne-Redhead, E.; Taylor, P. [10519] Tanzania K:SPC-02802.000 No
Henriques, C. [993] Angola K001009482 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 2503] India K001116231 Unknown Type Material Yes
Fischer, S. [114] Saudi Arabia K000885378 Type Yes
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6339] Tanzania K000468086 Yes
Dawe, M.T. [386] Angola K001009512 Yes
Keay, R.W.J. [28030] Nigeria K:SPC-02796.000 No
Ash [1237] Ethiopia K:SPC-35633.000 No
Gossweiler, J. [8268] Angola K001009530 Type Yes
Tweedie, E.M. [911] Kenya K:SPC-02801.000 No
Barbosa, G.; Moreno, F. [10271] Angola K001009481 Type Yes
Ash [1571] Ethiopia K:SPC-35659.000 No

Sources

  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Bulletin

    • Kew Bulletin
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0