Skip to main content
This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Urticaceae, I. Friis University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, sometimes shrubs, sometimes epiphytic, stems often rather juicy or succulent, monoecious or dioecious by abortion
Morphology Leaves
Leaves basically opposite, but one leaf of each pair is either reduced or early falling, thus the plants appear to have alternate leaves; lamina very unequal-sided at base, entire, crenate or serrate, rather fleshy; stipules intrapetiolar, fused to the apex
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Male inflorescences small pedunculate clusters; ♀ inflorescences capitate, with a fleshy subglobose receptacle on short fleshy peduncles, in the axils of fallen leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers 4–5-merous; rudimentary ovary present, obovoid Female flowers 4–5-merous, with very short perianth; ovary straight, exceeding the perianth; stigma sessile, penicillate
sex Male
Male flowers 4–5-merous; rudimentary ovary present, obovoid
sex Female
Female flowers 4–5-merous, with very short perianth; ovary straight, exceeding the perianth; stigma sessile, penicillate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene ovate, partly covered by the fleshy persistent perianth.

[FZ]

Urticaceae, I. Friis. Flora Zambesiaca 9:6. 1991

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs, often epiphytic or epilithic, monoecious or dioecious by abortion; stems juicy or succulent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves distichous, opposite and heteromorphous with one leaf of each pair reduced in size, or leaves apparently alternate with one in each pair completely reduced; lamina crenate or serrate, rather fleshy, penninerved, with linear cystoliths.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules intrapetiolar, fused.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences unisexual, in the axils of existing or fallen leaves; male flowers in small pedunculate glomerules; female inflorescences capitate with fleshy receptacles on short fleshy peduncles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers sessile with a persisting perianth of 4–5 free tepals; ovary erect, symmetrical, with a penicillate stigma. Male flowers pedicellate, pentamerous (rarely tetramerous), with a rudimentary pistillode.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Achene ovoid, surrounded at the base by the accrescent perianth.

Native to:

Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Cameroon, Caroline Is., China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Cook Is., East Himalaya, Fiji, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Mauritius, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Niue, Ogasawara-shoto, Philippines, Pitcairn Is., Queensland, Réunion, Santa Cruz Is., Seychelles, Society Is., Solomon Is., Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Tonga, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Vanuatu, Vietnam, Wallis-Futuna Is., Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cuba, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Venezuelan Antilles

Procris Comm. ex Juss. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
s.coll. [Cat. no. s.n.], Malaysia K001132552

First published in Gen. Pl.: 403 (1789)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Nic Lughadha, E., Black, N., Turner, R. & Paton, A. (2021). The World Checklist of Vascular Plants, a continuously updated resource for exploring global plant diversity. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41597-021-00997-6 Scientific Data 8: 215.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 6, 2: 283.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gen. Pl.: 403 (1789).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl. in E. & P. Pf. 3(1): 109 (1888)
  • G.F.P. 2: 184 (1967)
  • G.P. 3: 386 (1880)
  • Gen. Pl.: 403 (1789)
  • H. Schroeter in F.R. 45: 179–192 & 257–300 (1938)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0