Nerium L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Medit. to Myanmar.


M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008]

Morphology General Habit
Shrubs or small trees; latex white
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in whorls of 3 or some opposite, evergreen
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in terminal cymes
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla funnel-shaped with corona appendages in the wide throat; lobes overlapping to the right in bud
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens included; anthers with long apical appendage
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmatic head coherent with anthers, shed with the corolla
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Follicles united until just before dehiscence
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds numerous, tomentose, and with apical tuft of hairs.
A single variable species, from the Mediterranean region and eastwards to China, but widely cultivated elsewhere.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Baleares, Corse, Cyprus, East Aegean Is., France, Greece, Gulf States, India, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Morocco, Myanmar, Nepal, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, West Himalaya, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Arkansas, Ascension, Azores, Bangladesh, Belize, Bermuda, Brazil South, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Cook Is., Costa Rica, El Salvador, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gilbert Is., Guatemala, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, Hawaii, Honduras, Japan, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kenya, Kermadec Is., Korea, Krym, Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Madagascar, Madeira, Manchuria, Marianas, Marshall Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nauru, New South Wales, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Panamá, Senegal, Society Is., Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Western Sahara, Zimbabwe

Nerium L. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Sp. Pl.: 209 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families Database in ACCESS: 1-216203. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • Pagen in Agric. Univ. Wageningen Papers 87-2 (1987).

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants.

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants.