Cladium mariscus (L.) Pohl

This species is accepted, and its native range is America, Temp. Eurasia, N. Africa, Australia to SW. Pacific. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and for fuel and food.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Colombia

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Pacific. Elevation range: 0–500 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Chocó, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: shrubland.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: “Habitat in Europae paludibus”, Herb. Linn. No. 68.1 (LINN, lecto., chosen by Kukkonen in Cafferty & Jarvis (ed.), Taxon 53: 179 (2004))
Morphology General Habit
Leafy perennial, up to 5 m high, stoloniferous and with an erect woody rhizome, ± 1 cm in diameter; multiple stolons arizing from one rhizome, 5–20 cm long, 5 mm thick, with many scales. Large.
Morphology Culms
Culms rounded, sometimes very bluntly trigonous, up to 2.4 m long, 0.4–2.2 cm wide, glabrous, hollow except for the nodes; at the nodes of the stem sometimes vegetative shoots produced, breaking through the leaf sheath, often eventually falling off the culm
Morphology Leaves
Leaf blade linear, plicate, 59–225 cm long, 0.7–2.8 cm wide, apex acuminate, with spine-like teeth Leaves up the culm with brown leaf sheath 5–18 cm long. Basal leaves without leaf sheath, linear, plicate, with spine-like teeth on margins and midrib.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Lowermost inflorescence bracts similar to topmost leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes clustered at the end of secondary and primary branches Inflorescence an up to 90 cm long panicle with long primary branches; secondary and tertiary branches 0.5–2 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 3–7 per spike, lanceolate, ellipsoid to ovoid, widening during maturation, 3.1–5.7 mm long, 0.6–1.3 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes spirally arranged, 5–7 per spikelet, the lower 3–5 empty, the following glume with 2 stamens, and the top glume bearing bisexual flowers, all glumes pale to dark brown, ovate, increasing in size towards the apex of the spikelet, the longest 2.5–4 mm long, 1.5–2 mm wide, glabrous, keel 1-veined, narrow, apex obtuse, sometimes acute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 2(–3) in both glumes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 3.5–4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 2.1–2.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma-branches 2–3
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet pale brown, ovoid, 2.7–3 mm long, 1.1–1.8 mm wide, slightly or more strongly irregularly wrinkled, the base of the style persistent as a minute blackish knob or as a longer filiform apex
Figures
Fig. 54, p365

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cortadera

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Fuel
Used for fuels.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Doubtfully present in:

Suriname

Native to:

Alabama, Albania, Algeria, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arizona, Arkansas, Austria, Bahamas, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Bulgaria, California, Cayman Is., Central European Rus, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, Egypt, Finland, Florida, France, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Guatemala, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Hungary, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Leeward Is., Libya, Louisiana, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Morocco, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, Netherlands, Nevada, New Caledonia, New Mexico, New South Wales, Nicaragua, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northwest European R, Norway, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Palestine, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South Australia, South Carolina, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Victoria, Virginia, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Windward Is., Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cook Is., Ethiopia, Hawaii, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Maldives, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Rwanda, Senegal, Society Is., Socotra, Solomon Is., Sumatera, Tanzania, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Cladium mariscus (L.) Pohl appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Vachell, G.H. [59], Macao K000883855
Forster, G. [s.n.], Society Is. K000883853

First published in Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1: 32 (1809)

Accepted by

  • Boulos, L. (2005). Flora of Egypt 4: 1-617. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2008). Flora Iberica 18: 1-420. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
  • Chilton, L. (2010). Plant list for Lesvos, slightly revised 1998-2009: 1-36. Marengo, Hunstanton, England.
  • Dey, S. & Prasanna, P.V. (2010). The tribe Rhynchosporeae (Cyperaceae) in India Rheedea 20: 1-19.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Jermy, C., Simpson, D., Foley, M. & Porter, M. (2007). Sedges of the British Isles. B.S.B.I. Handbook No. 1, ed. 3: 1-554. Botanical Society of the British Isles, London.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2006). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 2: 1-466. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Allred, K.W. (2012). Flora Neomexicana, ed. 2, 1: 1-599. Range Science Herbarium, Las Cruces, New Mexico.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Chilton, L. (2010). Plant list for Lesvos, slightly revised 1998-2009: 1-36. Marengo, Hunstanton, England.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Dobignard, D. & Chatelain, C. (2010). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 1: 1-455. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Fosberg, F.R. (1957). The Maldive islands, Indian Ocean Atoll Research Bulletin 58: 1-37.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
  • Sachet, M.-H. (1969). List of vascular flora of Rangiroa Atoll Research Bulletin 125: 33-44.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Tent. Fl. Bohem. 1: 32 (1810).

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0