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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania (Mt. Sanje, Uluguru Mountains).
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Tanzania, Morogoro District, Uluguru Mts, Bunduki, Bruce 605 (K!, holo.; BM, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, up to 134 cm high.
Morphology Culms
Culms rounded, sometimes somewhat flattened, 21–79 cm long, 1.5–4 mm wide, glabrous Culms densely tufted, basal part of the culms 7–13 mm wide.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf sheath basally reddish-brown, rest brownish-yellow, 1.5–19.5 cm long; ligule a very dense band of white hairs, 1–2 mm long. Leaves up to 120 cm long. Leaf blade caducuous, linear, flat or folded, 27–100 cm long, 2–9 mm wide, midrib densely hairy, apex acuminate Leaves subtending the primary branches.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Sheath 4.5–7 cm long; blade up to 42 cm long, shape and surface as basal leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes pedicellate, pedicels 1–3 cm long, in fascicles of 5–8, ovoid, 3–5(–6) mm long, 2–3.5 mm wide Inflorescence a lax, usually pendulous panicle with 2–6 main branches protruding from the upper leaf sheaths.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Pedicel
Pedicels 1–3 cm long, in fascicles of 5–8, ovoid, 3–5(–6) mm long, 2–3.5 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets many per spike, lanceolate, ellipsoid to oblong, 2.5–4 mm long, 0.7–1 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes reddish-brown, the base often yellowish-brown, elliptic-ovate; non-flower bearing glumes 0.7–2.5 mm long, 1–1.6 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Filaments
Filaments 2.2–3 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1–1.5 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flower: sac-like utricle lanceolate, overtopping the glumes, 2–4 mm long, 0.5–0.8 mm wide. Flower bearing glumes 2.7–3.9 mm long, 1–1.8 mm wide, almost glabrous to slightly hairy, apex acute, (long) acuminate to slightly mucronate Male flower with 2–3 stamens.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas often broken off, the basal hairs 2/3 to nearly as long as the nutlet
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet yellow, obovoid, 1.1–1.5 mm long, 0.3–0.7 mm wide, apex with knob.
Ecology
On shallow soil over rocks or in rock-crevices, in mist forest, 550–1600 m
Note
This species looks very similar to C. abyssinica in habit. It differs in spike, spikelet, glume and nutlet size, which are all bigger in C. abyssinica. C. microcephala has a very restricted distribution area, only occurring in the Uluguru Mountains and the Ulanga/Iringa District in the T 6/7 area of the Flora area.
Distribution
Range: Not known elsewhere Flora districts: T6 T7

Native to:

Tanzania

Coleochloa microcephala Nelmes appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 2005 Bruce, E. M. [605], Tanzania K000363539
Sep 1, 2005 Bruce, E. M. [605], Tanzania K000363540

First published in Kew Bull. 8: 377 (1953)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • K.B. 8 (3): 377 (1953).

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0