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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania (Mt. Meru), Malawi (Mt. Mlanje).

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Tanzania, Arusha District, Mt Meru, Fischer 624 (B, holo.?)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial, densely tufted, the base of the plants blackened, up to 80 cm high.
Morphology Culms
Culms round, 37–60 cm long, 0.8–1.6 mm wide, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves up to 60 cm long. Leaves subtending the primary branches.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Sheath 2.5–5.2 cm long, blade 11–19.5 cm long, 1–2.6 mm wide Sheath blackened at base, higher up the culm yellow, 3–13.5 cm long; blade linear, convolute-cylindric above, 27–55 cm long, 1.4–3 mm wide, upper surface densely minutely hispidulous, its midrib shortly villous, under surface glabrous, apex acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spikes few to many in each panicle, obovoid, oblong-ellipsoid, or shortly cylindric, 4.5–8 mm long, 1.2–4 mm wide Inflorescence an erect, dense but interrupted, slender panicle, situated on the upper 3.5–10 cm of the stem and composed of 1–2 secondary panicle of mostly sessile clustered spikes on slender peduncles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets more or less oblong, 3–4 mm long, 1–2 mm wide.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes dark reddish-brown, the base often yellow, lanceolate or oblong-lanceolate, mostly conduplicate, 3–6 mm long (including the long apex, often more than 1 mm long), 1.1–1.4 mm wide, glabrous to scurfy-hispidulous, apex long-acuminate to awned
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3: filaments 2.8–3.2 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1.6–2.4 mm long
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Utricles immature; basal bristles probably more than half as long as the mature utricle
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed undeveloped.
Ecology
On shallow soil over rocks or in grassland; altitude unclear
Note
This species is known only from the type specimen, and from locations in Malawi. Unfortunately the type specimen was destroyed in WW 2. The description above is therefore based on the protologue, the description of Nelmes in K.B. 8 (3): 381 (1953) and the specimens from Malawi. According to the protologue this species approaches the West African E. pilosa Hook f. and also the larger E. abyssinica Rich.; it differs from both in its coarse-sharpened glumes. According to Nelmes ‘this remarkable species differs from all the others in Coleochloa by the densely hispidulous upper surface of the leaves and by its clustered and sessile spikelets’.
Distribution
Range: Not known elsewhere Flora districts: T2 Flora districts: Known from Mt Mlanje, Malawi,

Native to:

Malawi, Tanzania

Coleochloa virgata (K.Schum.) Nelmes appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Apr 7, 1989 Chapman, J.D. [8761], Malawi K000480705
Chapman, J.D. [5681], Malawi K000482991
Wild, H. [6211], Malawi K000482992
Robinson, E.A. [5296], Malawi K000482993

First published in Kew Bull. 8: 381 (1953)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mt. Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34: 1-199.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 363 (1983).
  • K.B. 8: 381 (1953)

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0