Mimusops L.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FZ]

Sapotaceae, F. K. Kupicha. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology Leaves
Leaves exstipulate (or stipules soon caducous), thinly to strongly coriaceous, not clustered at ends of branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers borne in axils of current leaves, pedicellate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 8, in two slightly dissimilar whorls of 4, ± free; inner sepals smaller and paler than outer, and with ciliate margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla of 8 members joined in a short tube; each member comprising a median and two lateral segments, the latter usually entire, sometimes further divided.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, opposing median segments, adnate to corolla tube; anthers extrorse, apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 8, alternating with stamens, triangular, dorsally and marginally pilose, bending into the centre of the flower to form a conical sheath round the gynoecium.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary shortly cylindrical or subglobose, ribbed, 8–locular, densely brownish appressed–pubescent; style cylindrical, ± truncate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits baccate, fleshy to ± coriaceous, sometimes edible, 1–several–seeded, with persistent calyx at base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± ellipsoid, laterally compressed, with hard, highly polished testa; scar small, subcircular, basal or basi–lateral; endosperm abundant, cotyledons thin.
Morphology General Habit
Trees and shrubs.

[FTEA]

Sapotaceae, J. H. Hemsley. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Trees or shrubs
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules caducous
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina frequently elliptic to obovate; upper surface often glossy, lower surface practically glabrous or pubescent in young leaves; midrib raised, primary lateral nerves finely raised on both surfaces, secondary lateral nerves inconspicuous, venation reticulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers usually in axils of current leaves, pedicellate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 8, arranged in two dissimilar whorls of 4, ± free or slightly fused at base; inner sepals smaller and paler in colour than outer
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla of 8 members, fused into a short basal tube, upper parts further subdivided into three segments giving 24 linear segments per flower
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 8, epipetalous; anther dehiscence extrorse
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 8, alternating with stamens, usually simple, narrowly lanceolate or ligulate, densely pilose externally and along margins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary usually 8-locular; ovules solitary, anatropous, with basal attachment
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit baccate, fleshy to ± coriaceous, 1-several-seeded, calyx persisting at base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± ellipsoid, laterally compressed; testa horny and polished; scar ± basal to basi-ventral, usually (probably always in East Africa) small and scarcely longer than broad; abundant endosperm present; cotyledons flattened and foliaceous.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Unarmed trees and shrubs; milky latex abundant to scarce
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, often clustered towards the tip of branches; venation with many parallel secondary veins; stipules small, soon falling
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, cymose, umbel-like clusters. Flowers bisexual
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx of 2 whorls of 4 free sepals, those of the outer whorl valvate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla hairy or glabrous; tube much shorter than the 8 lobes, each of which is nearly always divided almost to the base into 3 segments, with the median segment clasping the stamen, sometimes pressed inwards towards the style, lateral segments widely spreading at anthesis, entire or deeply divided
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens (7–)8 in a single whorl, inserted at top of corolla-tube; filaments free or more or less fused with staminodes; anthers opening outwards with slits, hairy or glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 8, well developed, alternating with the stamens, usually appressed to ovary and style, often hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary (7–)8-celled, hairy; style often exserted from the many appressed floral parts
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1–6-seeded, indehiscent, fleshy.
Distribution
About 45 species distributed in the Old World tropics, mostly in tropical Africa (c. 20 species), on Madagascar (c. 15 species), on the Mascarene Islands (4 species), and 1 species in Asia and the Pacific.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Caprivi Strip, Central African Repu, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, New Caledonia, New Guinea, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vanuatu, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Cambodia, Chagos Archipelago, Cuba, Florida, Hawaii, Leeward Is., Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Vietnam, Windward Is.

Mimusops L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Myers, J.G. [11784A], Sudan 11355.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [4030], Kenya 17845.000 No

First published in Sp. Pl.: 349 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R., Frodin, D.G. & Pennington, D. (2001 publ. 2002). World Checklist and Bibliography of Sapotaceae: 1-364. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 3: 505.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Sp. Pl. 1: 349 (1753).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 3, (2006) Author: by I. Friis [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • L., Gen. Pl., ed. 5: 165 (1754)
  • Lam in Bull. Jard. Bot. Buit., sér. 3, 7: 234 (1925)
  • Sp. Pl.: 349 (1753)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0