Cyperus iria L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 45 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical & Subtropical Old World to Central Asia. It is an annual or perennial and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is used as animal food and a medicine.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Cambodia, Caroline Is., Chad, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Hainan, India, Iran, Iraq, Ivory Coast, Japan, Jawa, Kazan-retto, Kenya, Korea, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Mauritania, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, Nansei-shoto, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ogasawara-shoto, Oman, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Senegal, Somalia, South Australia, South China Sea, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Tibet, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Xinjiang, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Alabama, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Arkansas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil West-Central, California, Chagos Archipelago, Colombia, Connecticut, Costa Rica, Cuba, Delaware, District of Columbia, Ecuador, Fiji, Florida, Georgia, Honduras, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Missouri, Nauru, New Caledonia, New York, Nicobar Is., North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Society Is., South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Virginia, West Virginia, Windward Is.

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

Classification

Kew's Tree of Life Explorer

Discover the flowering plant tree of life and the genomic data used to build it.

View the Tree of Life
PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2005). Monocotyledons and Gymnosperms of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Contributions from the United States National Herbarium 52: 1-415.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Chang, C.S., Kim, H. & Chang, K.S. (2014). Provisional checklist of vascular plants for the Korea peninsula flora (KPF): 1-660. DESIGNPOST.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Edwards, S., Demissew, S., & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (1997). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 6: i-xxviii, 1-586. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Espejo Serna, A. & López-Ferrari, A.R. (1997). Las Monocotiledóneas Mexicanas una Sinopsis Florística 5: 1-98. Consejo Nacional de la Flora de México, México D.F.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (2020). Flora of Japan IVa: 1-430. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo.
  • Knapp, W.M. & Naczi, R.F.C. (2021). Vascular plants of Maryland, USA. A comprehensive account of the state's botanical diversity. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 113: 1-151.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico. Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Middleton, D.J. & al. (eds.) (2019). Flora of Singapore 7: 1-525. Singapore Botanic Gardens.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 1: 1-366. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Pereira-Silva, L., Larridon, I., de Oliveira Ribeiro, A.R., Santos, V.M. & Trevisan, R. (2022). Diversity and taxonomy of Cyperus (Cyperaceae) in the Central-West region of Brazil. Annals from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 480-545. MBG press.
  • Rothrock, P.E. (2009). Sedges of Indiana and adjacent states: the non-Carex species: 1-271. Indiana Academy of Sciences.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru. Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Whistler, W.A. (2022). Flora of Samoa Flowering Plants: 1-930. National Tropical Botanicl Garden. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • de Oliveira Ribeiro, A.R. & al. (2014). Cyperaceae do rio Apodi-Mossoró, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Hoehnea 41: 149-171.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2: 376, 385 (1967).
  • Cherm. in Arch. Bot. Caen 7, Mém. 4: 12 (1936)
  • F.T.A. 8: 346
  • Kük. in Engl., Pflanzenr. Cyper.: 150 (1936)
  • Sp. Pl. 45 (1753)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Clarke in F.T.A. 8: 346 (1901).
  • Gordon-Gray in Strelitzia 2: 59 (1995).
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 198, figs.391,392 (1983).
  • Hoenselaar in F.T.E.A., Cyperaceae: 214 (2010).
  • Kükenthal in Engler, Pflanzenr. 4, 20(101): 150 (1935).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 45 (1753).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Chou, S., Chhnang, P. & Kim, Y. (2016). A Checklist for the Seed Plants of Cambodia: 1-272. National Institute of Biological Resources, Korea.
  • Gosline, G., Bidault, E., van der Burgt, X., Cahen, D., Challen, G., Condé, N., Couch, C., Couvreur, T.L.P., Dagallier, L.M.J., Darbyshire, I., Dawson, S., Doré, T.S., Goyder, D., Grall, A., Haba, P., Haba, P., Harris, D., Hind, D.J.N., Jongkind, & al. (2023). A Taxonomically-verified and Vouchered Checklist of the Vascular Plants of the Republic of Guinea. Nature, scientific data 10, Article number: 327: [1]-[12].
  • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 2: 1-694. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • Kotiya, A., Solanki, Y. & Reddy, G.V. (2020). Flora of Rajasthan: 1-769. Rajasthan state biodiversity board.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo). Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • López Patiño, E.J., Szeszko, D.R., Rascala Pérez, J. & Beltrán Retis, A.S. (2012). The flora of the Tenacingo-Malinalco-Zumpahuacán protected natural area, state of Mexico, Mexico. Harvard Papers in Botany 17: 65-167.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Marais, W. & Araujo, A.C. (2018). Flore des Mascareignes 202: 1-99. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Mosti, S., Raffaelli, M. & Tardelli, M. (2012). Contributions to the flora of central-southern Dhofar (Sultanate of Oman). Webbia; Raccolta de Scritti Botanici 67: 65-91.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Nowak, A. & Nobis, M. (eds.) (2020). Illustrated Flora of Tajikistan and adjacent areas 1: 1-366. PAN, Polish academy of sciences.
  • Packer, J.G. & Gould, J. (2007). Vascular Plants of alberta 1: 1-281. University of Calgary Press.
  • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India. Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
  • Sheppard, C.R.C. & Seaward, M.R.D. (eds.) (1999). Ecology of the Chagos archipelago: 1-350. Westbury Academic & Scientific Publishing, Otley.
  • Thaman, R.R., Fosberg, F.R., Manner, H.I. & Hassall, D.C. (1994). The Flora of Nauru. Atoll Research Bulletin 392: 1-223.
  • Walker, E.H. (1976). Flora of Okinawa and the southern Ryukyu islands: 1-1159. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington D.C., U.S.A.
  • Whistler, W.A. (2022). Flora of Samoa Flowering Plants: 1-930. National Tropical Botanicl Garden. Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
  • de Oliveira Ribeiro, A.R. & al. (2014). Cyperaceae do rio Apodi-Mossoró, estado do Rio Grande do Norte, Brasil. Hoehnea 41: 149-171.

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 4, (1995) Author: by K. A. Lye [updated by M. Thulin 2008]

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • E.P. 4, 20 (101): 150 (1936)
  • F.T.A. 8: 346 (1902)
  • Fl. Eth. 6: 453 (1997).
  • Fl. Somalia 4: 124 (1995)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 198, figs. 391, 392 (1983)
  • Sp. Pl.: 45 (1753)

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Aug 1, 1996 Parnell; Pendry; Jebb; Pooma [95-260a] Thailand K000467237 Yes
Aug 1, 1996 Parnell; Pendry; Jebb; Boonthaivikoon, T. [95-428] Thailand K000467235 Yes
Aug 1, 1996 Parnell; Pendry; Jebb; Pooma [95-204a] Thailand K000467236 Yes
Oct 1, 1982 Santos, T.S. [3626] Brazil K000188738 Yes
Oct 1, 1982 Hage, J.L. [1189] Brazil K000188737 Yes
Nov 1, 1968 Beusekom, C.F., van; Phengkhlai, C. [1207] Thailand K000467229 Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Smitinand, T. [5825] Thailand K000467217 Yes
Jan 1, 1967 Smitinand, T. [5858] Thailand K000467218 Yes
Dec 1, 1964 Koenig [s.n.] K000309397 Isotype Yes
Sep 1, 1892 Grey, I. [s.n.] Mauritius K000362687 Unknown Type Material Yes
Aug 1, 1892 Kotschy [267] Sudan K000321371 Type Yes
Aug 1, 1892 Kotschy [267] Sudan K000321370 Type Yes
Jul 1, 1892 Giles, G. [s.n.] Australia K000309530 Syntype Yes
Wallich, N. [3300F] India K001613085 No
Wallich, N. [3300G] Nepal K003066498 No
Hooker, J. D. [s.n.] India K003066504 No
Thomson, T. [s.n.] India K003066490 No
Thomson, T. [s.n.] Pakistan K001613084 No
Marcan, A. [1497] Thailand K000467224 Yes
Chantaranothai, P.; Parnell, J. [90/32] Thailand K000467233 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [11033] Thailand K000467211 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [11033] Thailand K000467212 Yes
Larsen, K.; Santisuk, T.; Warncke, E. [2211] Thailand K000467220 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21388] Thailand K000467213 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21388] Thailand K000467214 Yes
Bidgood, S.; Hoenselaar, K.; Leliyo, G.; Vollesen, K. [6109] Tanzania K000468316 Yes
Howard, A.J. [19] Thailand K000467223 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [19673] Thailand K000467231 Yes
Hoed, G.den [206] Thailand K000467216 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21379] Thailand K000467205 Yes
Sinsin, B.; Agbani, P.; Yédomonhan, H. [2160] Benin K001418973 Yes
Thomson, T. [445] India K003066611 No
Kerr, A.F.G. [9289] Thailand K000467232 Yes
Chantaranothai, P.; Parnell, J.; Simpson, D. [90/32] Thailand K000467234 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [3641] Thailand K000467210 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [21379] Thailand K000467215 Yes
Heckman, C.W. [C-15b] Thailand K000467225 Yes
Put [2145] Thailand K000467209 Yes
Heckman, C.W. [C-15a] Thailand K000467221 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [19727] Thailand K000467206 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [19727] Thailand K000467207 Yes
Chantaranothai, P.; Parnell, J. [90/680] Thailand K000467222 Yes
Simpson, D.A.; Parnell, J.A.N. [1754] Thailand K000467238 Yes
Put [2630] Thailand K000467230 Yes
Kerr, A.F.G. [892] Thailand K000467208 Yes
Put [2599] Thailand K000467228 Yes
Howard, A.J. [18] Thailand K000467227 Yes
Howard, A.J. [18] Thailand K000467226 Yes
Tagawa, M.; Iwatsuki, k.; Fukuoka, N. [T949] Thailand K000467219 Yes
Gosse [11] Australia K000309531 Syntype Yes
Hage, J.L.; Brito, H.S. [1128] Brazil K000188736 Yes
Jul 1, 1892 s.coll. [s.n.] Japan Cyperus iria var. paniciformis K000309404 Type Yes
Wallich, N. [3361] Cyperus iria var. paniciformis K003066610 No

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0