Genus:
Osmunda L.

Osmunda regalis L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, Europe to Medit. and Iran. It is used as a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
helecho de espiga

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1600–2700 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Huila, Santander.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, artificial - terrestrial.

[FZ]

Osmundaceae, E. A. C. L. E. Schelpe. Flora Zambesiaca. 1970

Morphology General Habit
Rhizome erect to suberect, covered with the persistent winged bases of the stipes, usually embedded in a mass of black fibrous roots and with tufted fronds.
Morphology Leaves
Fronds erect, with a rufous tomentum when young, becoming glabrous at maturity.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina 2-pinnate up to 1 m. long, with the fertile pinnae borne in the apical portion, oblong to narrowly oblong in outline, with subopposite pinnae.
Sterile
Sterile pinnules up to 6 x 1.5 cm., herbaceous to thinly coriaceous, very narrowly to narrowly oblong, unequally truncate at the base, obtuse to broadly acute, minutely crenulate, petiolate except for adnate pinnules towards the apices of the pinnae.
Morphology Leaves Pinnules
Fertile pinnules up to c. 2.5 x 0.2 cm., linear, petiolate or adnate, bearing groups of sporangia at intervals. Sterile pinnules up to 6 x 1.5 cm., herbaceous to thinly coriaceous, very narrowly to narrowly oblong, unequally truncate at the base, obtuse to broadly acute, minutely crenulate, petiolate except for adnate pinnules towards the apices of the pinnae.
Fertile
Fertile pinnules up to c. 2.5 x 0.2 cm., linear, petiolate or adnate, bearing groups of sporangia at intervals.

[FWTA]

Osmundaceae, A. H. G. Alston. Flora of West Tropical Africa. Ferns and Fern-Allies Supplement. 1959

Ecology
Sea level up to 6, 000 ft. alt.; on rocks in and near streams and lakes.

[UPFC]
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Azores, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cape Verde, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Kriti, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Norway, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Sardegna, Sicilia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Madeira, New Zealand North

Osmunda regalis L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Pyne, C.T. [89], Sierra Leone 18958.000
Lyall [300], Madagascar K000435398
Bojer [s.n.], Madagascar K000435397
Luke, W.R.Q. [7035], Tanzania K000115139
s.coll. [Cat. no. 51] Osmunda leschenaultii K001109112
Leschenault de la Tour, J.B. [Cat. no. 51], India Osmunda leschenaultii K001109111

First published in Sp. Pl.: 1065 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Gonggrijp, S. & al. (2021). Nova Flora Neerlandica, Lycopodiopsida & Polypodiopsida: 1-275. KNVV uitgeverij.
  • Güner, A. (ed.) (2018). Resimli Türkiye Florasi (Illustrated Flora of Turkey) 2: 1-1054. ANG Vakfi/Nezahat Gökyigit Botanik Bahçesi, Istambul.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Merryweather, J. (2020). Britain's Ferns. A field guide to the clubmosses, quillworts, horsetails and ferns of Great Britain and Ireland: 1-280. Princeton University Press.
  • Prelli, R. & Boudrie, M. (2021). Les Fougères et plantes alliées d'Europe: 1-528. BIOTOPE.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Roskov Y. & al. (eds.) (2018). World Ferns: Checklist of Ferns and Lycophytes of the World Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands.
  • Stace, C. (2019). New Flora of the British Isles ed. 4: 1-1266. C & M Floristics.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Hook. Syn. Fil. 427 (1868)
  • Sim F.S.A. 310, t. 170 (1915)
  • Sp. Pl. 2: 1065 (1753)
  • Tard. in Mém. I.F.A.N. 28: 30 (1953).

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Fraser-Jenkins, C.R. & al. (2017). An Annotated Checklist of Indian Pteridophytes 1: 1-562. Dehra Dun : BSMPS.
  • Litvinskaya, S.A. & Murtazaliev, R.A. (2013). Flora of the Northern Caucasus: An Atlas and Identification Book: 1-688. Fiton XXI.
  • Prelli, R. & Boudrie, M. (2021). Les Fougères et plantes alliées d'Europe: 1-528. BIOTOPE.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Allen, D., Bilz, M., Leaman, D.J., Miller, R.M., Timoshyna, A., & Window, J. (2014). European Red List of medicinal plants. Publications Office of the European Union, Luxembourg 10:907382.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Bernal, R., S.R. Gradstein & M. Celis (eds.). 2019. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    ColPlantA database
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0