Ficinia gracilis Schrad.

First published in Anal. Fl. Cap. 1: 44 (1832)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Uganda to S. Africa. It is a perennial and grows primarily in the subtropical biome.

Descriptions

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: South Africa, Cape of Good Hope, herb. Thouars (P, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Tufted perennial with a short woody rhizome to 2 mm thick.
Morphology Culms
Culm 15–46 cm tall and 0.8–1.1 mm thick, but ± 1.6 mm thick across the sheath, terete, glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leafsheath brown to blackish, 3–7 cm long, glabrous; blade 7–29 cm long and 0.8–1 mm wide, canaliculate to flat, margins scabrid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Involucral bracts 2–3, 2–4.5 cm long and 0.4–0.8 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a terminal non-proliferating head of 6–25 spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets 3–7 mm long and 1.4–2.5 mm wide, terete.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes reddish brown to almost blackish, 2.5–3.3 mm long (including the 0.1–0.4 mm long recurved mucro), each side of midrib 0.8–1 mm wide
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 3.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers 1.5–2.1 mm long, crested
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Style
Style trifid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet brownish, ovoid, 1.2–1.4 mm long and 0.8–0.9 mm wide, smooth; gynophore ± 1/3 the length of nutlet, upper margin 3-lobed
Figures
Fig. 19, p119
Ecology
Upland grassland and moorland; 2400–4500 m
Distribution
Flora districts: U1 K3 K4 T2 T6 T7 Range: South Africa
[FTEA]

Sources

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0