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This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropics & Subtropics.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Orchidaceae, I. la Croix & P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

Morphology General Habit
Lianes with aerial or clinging adventitious roots, rooting in the soil where the stem touches the ground.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves absent, or if present, sessile to shortly petiolate, fleshy.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary or terminal, few- to many-flowered.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers large; white, yellow or green, often marked with purple or yellow on the lip.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals and petals similar, free.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip usually larger than the sepals and petals, adnate to column for part of its length and forming a funnel; disk variously appendaged with lamellae or hairs.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column elongate, curved, auriculate; anther attached to margin of clinandrium, incumbent, subglobose, operculate; stigma transverse, bifid at the apex, situated under the rostellum. Rostellum broad, membranous, articulated at the base, usually deflexed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule long, cylindrical, unilocular, dehiscent; seeds black, relatively large.

[FTEA]

Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Scrambling, epiphytic lianes bearing adventitious roots arising at the nodes and opposite the leaves, if any
Morphology Stem
Stems usually terete, occasionally channelled, succulent, deep olive- or blue-green, of indefinite length, with or without leaves
Morphology Leaves
Leaves remote, linear to oblong-elliptical and broadly ovate, sessile or shortly petiolate, fleshy, often coriaceous, usually becoming smaller towards apex of stem, the uppermost leaves bract-like
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences racemose, occasionally branched, usually axillary, very occasionally terminal, sessile or pedunculate, few–many-flowered, often only 1 or 2 flowers fully open at one time
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers large, subtended by bracts of various sizes, often campanulate, ranging from purest white to deep dull green, often fleshy, fugacious
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Sepals and petals free; petals often keeled on dorsal surface
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Labellum
Lip usually larger than tepals, adnate to the column for various distances to form a funnel; disc variously appendaged with lamellae, laciniae, hairs or raised keels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Column
Column elongate, curved, auriculate; anther attached to margin of clinandrium, incumbent, subglobose, operculate; stigma transverse, often bifid at apex, situated under rostellum; rostellum broad, membranous, articulated at base, usually deflexed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsules linear, often very long, unilocular, dehiscent; seeds relatively large, black, shining.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Argentina Northeast, Assam, Bahamas, Bangladesh, Belize, Bolivia, Borneo, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cayman Is., Central African Repu, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Florida, French Guiana, Gabon, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Ivory Coast, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Mozambique, Myanmar, New Guinea, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Venezuela, Vietnam, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

Caroline Is., Chagos Archipelago, Cook Is., Marianas, Marquesas, New Caledonia, Niue, Réunion, Society Is., Tonga, Tuamotu

Vanilla Plum. ex Mill. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1970 Prance, G.T. [7955], Brazil K000940265
Chase, N.C. [4307], Zimbabwe 29047.016
Greenway, P.J. [EAH 13938], Tanzania 32440.000
Tsi, Z.H. [ASBK 37], China 60115.000
Du Puy, B. [MB386], Madagascar 72590.000
Hermans, J. [21/1], Madagascar 72624.000
Dusén, P. [16125], Brazil K000940266
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 7401], Malaysia K001127291
Wong, K.M. [WKM 2656], Sabah K000395533
Walter, B.M.T. [405], Brazil K000847208
Rombouts, H.E. [804], Suriname K000395964
Folli, D.A. [1724], Brazil K000940267

First published in Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4: s.p. (1754)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Pridgeon, A.M., Cribb, P.J., Chase, M.C. & Rasmussen, F.N. (2003). Genera Orchidacearum 3: 1-358. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Cribb, P. (2010). A new infrageneric classification and synopsis of the genus Vanilla Plum. ex Mill. (Orchidaceae: Vanillinae) Lankesteriana 9: 355-398.
  • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Dressler, R.L. (2010). A revision of the Mexican and Central American species of Vanilla Plumier ex Miller with a characterization of their ITS region of the nuclear ribosomal DNA Lankesteriana 9: 283-354.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • F.T.A. 7: 176.
  • Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Gard. Dict., abr. ed. 4 (1754).
  • Rolfe in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 439–478 (1896).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Gard. Dict. Abr. ed. 4 (1754)
  • Rolfe in J.L.S. 32: 439–478 (1896)

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0