Oenothera rubricaulis Kleb.

First published in Jahrb. Hamburg. Wiss. Anst., Beih. 31(3): 12 (1913 publ. 1914)
This name is a synonym of Oenothera biennis

POWO follows these authorities in synonymising this name:

  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2021). Flora of North America North of Mexico 10: 1-456. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford. [Cited as Oenothera biennis.]
  • Iwatsuki, K., Boufford, D.E. & Ohba, H. (eds.) (1999). Flora of Japan IIc: 1-328. Kodansha Ltd., Tokyo. [Cited as Oenothera biennis.]
  • Jonsell, B. & Karlsson, T. (eds.) (2010). Flora Nordica 6: 1-298. The Bergius Foundaton. [Cited as Oenothera muricata.]

This name was accepted following an alternative taxonomy by these authorities:

  • Breitfeld, M. & Horbach, H.-D. (2013). Interessante Funde aus Nordostbayern. Berichte der Bayerischen Botanischen Gesellschaft zur Erforschung der Heimischen Flora 83: 169-174. [Cited as Oenothera rubricaulis.]
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1968). Flora Europaea 2: 1-469. Cambridge University Press. [Cited as Oenothera rubricaulis.]

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:


  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0