Scleria achtenii De Wild.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa, Madagascar.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Congo-Kinshasa, Kinshasa [Leopoldville], Achten 97 (BR, holo.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial 0.4–1.3(–2) m tall.
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizome red, usually straight, 3–6 mm wide, with hairy stems arising from it at intervals of up to 1 cm with bases swollen
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 30–60 cm long, 2.5–5 mm wide, glabrous above, hairy on the 5 principal veins beneath.
Morphology Leaves Leaf sheaths
Sheaths hairy; ligulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Lateral panicles single at 2–3(–4) upper nodes on pendulous hairy peduncles exserted up to 18 cm from the sheaths. Inflorescence reddish, elongate totalling 20–85 cm, the terminal panicle up to 2.5 cm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
ale spikelets 7–9 mm long, sessile on short pedicels, the glumes straw-coloured or reddish; female spikelets 5–7 mm long with straw-coloured or reddish glumes, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets grey, brownish-grey or violet-grey, obovoid to subglobose, 2.6–2.9 mm long, 1.9–2.1 mm wide, lightly irregularly pitted or transversely ridged, hairy on the ridges but sometimes smooth and hairless near the apex, also with microscopic papillae; hypogynium greyish white with 3 lobes terminating in a semi-scarious ligulate extension up to 1 mm long appressed to nutlet base.
Ecology
Perennially damp but not water-logged ground, Loudetia tussocks in marshes, occasionally in permanent water; 0–1500 m
Note
I am not certain of the identity of the Kenya specimen.
Distribution
Flora districts: U4 K7 T1 T6 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Zambia, South Africa

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Perennial up to 2 m. high with swollen stem-bases
Morphology Leaves
2–6 mm. wide leaves
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Lateral panicles pendulous on long slender peduncles
Ecology
By stream-sides and in marshy grasslands.

Native to:

Benin, Burkina, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Madagascar, Mozambique, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre

Scleria achtenii De Wild. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9893], Cameroon K000678168

First published in Rev. Zool. Bot. Africaines 14(Suppl. Bot.): 16 (1926)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. ed. 2, 358 (1967).
  • E. A. Robinson in Kew Bull. 18: 534 (1966)
  • in Rev. Zool. Afr., Suppl. Bot. 14, 2: 16 (1926)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://doi.org/10.3767/blumea.2019.64.03.01 epublication.
  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(2): 1-94. ORSTOM, Bangui.
  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.W.T.A. ed. 2, 3: 342 (1972)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 350, figs 725, 726 (1983)
  • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (109): 28 (1964)
  • K.B. 18: 534 (1966)
  • Pl. Bequaert. 4: 219, fig. 1 (1927)
  • Rev. Zool. Afr., Suppl. Bot. 14: 16, fig. 1 (1926)
  • Strelitzia 2: 181, fig. 82 A, D (1995).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/