Scleria catophylla C.B.Clarke

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Angola, Huilla, Welwitsch 7143 (LISU, lecto.; BM, K!, iso.)
Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb 0.2–1.2 m tall with glabrous or hairy stems slightly swollen at base and producing up to 4 slender ± fleshy stolons 1–2(–3) mm thick.
Morphology Roots
Roots pale brown or reddish
Morphology Leaves
Leaves mostly produced at or near base of stem, 10–25 mm long, 2–5 mm wide, glabrous to densely hairy; ligule a dense rim of short hairs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences spicate, 6–18 cm long, with many reflexed glomerules or 2–7 dark 4–6 mm long bisexual spikelets.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes reddish brown to blackish, 3–5 mm long, the outer ending in a long awn densely covered with almost black hairs; hairs below the awn often white or reddish brown
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlet white, obovoid, (1.2–)1.5–1.7 mm long, 1–1.2 mm wide, smooth, with a minute cupule
Figures
Fig. 58: 1-4, p382
Ecology
Seasonally wet grassland, bogs; (30–)1050–1200 m
Note
Napper’s argument that S. aterrima is the correct name is fallacious and I am grateful to Dr. R.K. Brummitt for confirming this. Also her claim that the species occurs in America I have been unable to confirm.
Distribution
Range: Senegal to S Nigeria, Angola, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe, South Africa Flora districts: U3 U4 T6 T8

[FWTA]

Cyperaceae, Miss S. S. Hooper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:2. 1972

Morphology General Habit
Tufted rhizomatous perennial up to 1 m. high
Morphology Leaves
Densely villous leaves crowded at the base of the stem
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spike 3–13 cm. long with 4–15 glomerules
Ecology
In seasonally swampy places.

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, KwaZulu-Natal, Liberia, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Scleria catophylla C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jun 1, 1890 Barter [1561], Nigeria K000363319 Unknown type material Yes
Welwitsch [7143], Angola K000363294 Yes
Bidgood, S. [5509], Tanzania K000190739 No

First published in T.A.Durand & H.Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afric. 5: 670 (1894)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Lye, K.A. & Thery, P. (2012). Flore du Gabon 44: 1-230. Muséum National D'Histoire Naturelle, Paris.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon. Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Cabezas, F., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2004). Checklist of the Cyperaceae of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko, Río Muni). Belgian Journal of Botany 137: 3-26.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 498 (1902)
  • Fl. Cap. 7: 294 (1898)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 329, figs. 671, 672 (1983).
  • Illustr. Cyper.: t. 122, fig. 1–4 (1909)
  • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (109): 33, fig. 3 (1964)
  • K.B. 18: 501 (1966)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0