Scleria erythrorrhiza Ridl.

This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Type: Angola, Huilla, Welwitsch 7136 (LISU, holo.; BM!, iso.)
Vegetative Multiplication Rhizomes
Rhizomatous perennial 0.3–1 m tall, producing erect stems at short intervals. Rhizome usually reddish with reddish roots, woody, straight, 3–6 mm wide
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 2–6 mm wide, glabrous, ligulate, hairy or hispid
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences simply spicate with many glomerules of 3–16 dark 5–6 mm long spikelets and occasionally a single glomerule produced on a short stalk in the axil of a leaf-like bract well below the main spike.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes chestnut, often dark red towards the apex and with a green midrib, 3–5 mm long, sometimes awned, densely hairy
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets pale brown or pale grey with darker interangular stripes, sometimes tinged violet at apex, broadly ovoid, 2 mm long, 1–1.2 mm wide, apiculate, smooth; hypogynium clearly differentiated, white, ± spongy in texture when fresh.
Ecology
Boggy grassland near termite mounds; 1000 m
Distribution
Range: Zambia, Congo-Kinshasa (Shaba), Angola Flora districts: T7 T8

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Scleria erythrorrhiza Ridl. appears in other Kew resources:

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London, Bot. 2: 167 (1884)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 2: 133 (1899)
  • Durand & Schinz, Consp. Fl. Afr. 5: 670 (1895)
  • F.T.A. 8: 499 (1902)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 333, fig. 683 (1983).
  • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (109): 32 (1964)
  • K.B. 10: 437 (1955)
  • K.B. 18: 506 (1966)
  • Trans. Linn. Soc. ser. 2, Bot. 2: 167 (1884)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0