Pinus caribaea Morelet

First published in Rev. Hort. Côte d'Or, sér. 4, 1: 107 (1855)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is SE. Mexico to Central America, Bahamas to W. Cuba. It is a tree and grows primarily in the subtropical biome. It is used as a medicine, has environmental uses and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Bahamas, Belize, Cuba, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico Southeast, Nicaragua, Turks-Caicos Is.

Introduced into:

Bangladesh, Cook Is., Fiji, Gambia, New Caledonia, Niue, Trinidad-Tobago, Tristan da Cunha, Tubuai Is., Wallis-Futuna Is.

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Correll, D.S. & Correll, H.B. (1982). Flora of the Bahama Archipelago: 1-1692. J.Cramer, Vaduz.
  • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Goodwin, Z.A. & al. (2013). A checklist of the vascular plants of the lowland savannas of Belize, Central America. Phytotaxa 101: 1-119.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Meyer, J.-Y. (2017). Guide des plantes de Wallis et Futuna: 1-486. Au vent des iles, editions, Tahiti.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Roux, J.P., Ryan, P.G., Milton, S.J. & Moloney, C.L. (1992). Vegetation and checklist of Inaccessible Island, central South Atlantic Ocean, with notes on Nightingale Island.. Bothalia 22: 93-109.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue. Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.

Kew Species Profiles

  • Farjon, A. & Styles, B. T. (1997). Monograph of Pinus. Flora Neotropica 75: 85-91.
  • Farjon, A. (2010). A Handbook of the World’s Conifers, Volume 2. E.J. Brill, Leiden.
  • Hamilton, M. A. (2007). Turks and Caicos Islands invasive pine scale. In: Biodiversity That Matters: a Conference on Conservation in UK Overseas Territories and Other Small Island Communities (6-12 October 2006), ed. M. Pienkowski. UK Overseas Territories Conservation Forum.
  • Malumphy, C., Hamilton, M.A., Manco, B. N., Green, P. W., Sanchez, M. D., Corcoran, M. & Salamanca, E. (2012). Toumeyella parvicornis (Hemiptera: Coccidae), causing severe decline of Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis in the Turks and Caicos Islands. Florida Entomologist 95: 113–119.
  • March, E. W. (1949). Pine forests of the Bahamas. Empire Forestry Research 28: 33-37.
  • Mills, L. S., Soule, M. E. & Doak, D. F. (1993). The keystone-species concept in ecology and conservation. BioScience 43: 219-224.
  • Myers, R., Wade, D. & Bergh, C. (2004). Fire management assessment of the Caribbean pine ( Pinus caribaea) forest ecosystems on Andros and Abaco Islands, Bahamas. The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, Virginia.
  • Sanchez M.(2012) Conservation genetics and biogeography of the Caribbean pine ( Pinus caribaea var.  bahamensis) in the Bahaman archipelago. Unpublished D. Phil. Thesis, Birkbeck University of London.
  • Sanchez M., Hamilton M.A., Farjon A. (2013).  Pinus caribaea var.  bahamensis. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. www.iucnredlist.org. (Downloaded 21 August 2013).
  • Sanchez M., Ingrouille M.J., Cowan R.S., Hamilton M.A., Fay M.F. (2014). Spatial structure and genetic diversity of natural populations of the Caribbean pine,  Pinus caribaea var.  bahamensis (Pinaceae), in the Bahaman archipelago.  Botanical Journal of the Linnean Society 174: 359-383.
  • The Bahamas National Trust (2008). Endangered Species of the Bahamas- Bahama Parrot. (Accessed 14 August 2011).
  • The Plant List (2010). Pinus caribaea.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Farjon, A. (2001). World Checklist and Bibliography of Conifers, ed. 2: 1-309. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Farjon, A. (2010). A handbook of the world's Conifers 2: 533-1111. BRILL, Leiden, Boston.
  • Hallé, N. (1980). Les Orchidees de Tubuai (archipel des Australes, Sud Polynesie), suivies d'un catalogue des plantes a fleurs et fougeres des iles Australes. Cahiers de l'Indo-Pacifique 2(3): 69-130.
  • Jones, M. (1991). A checklist of Gambian plants: 1-33. Michael Jones, The Gambia College.
  • MacKee, H.S. (1994). Catalogue des plantes introduites et cultivées en Nouvelle-Calédonie, ed. 2: 1-164. Museum national d'histoire naturelle, Paris.
  • Meyer, J.-Y. (2017). Guide des plantes de Wallis et Futuna: 1-486. Au vent des iles, editions, Tahiti.
  • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
  • Roux, J.P., Ryan, P.G., Milton, S.J. & Moloney, C.L. (1992). Vegetation and checklist of Inaccessible Island, central South Atlantic Ocean, with notes on Nightingale Island.. Bothalia 22: 93-109.
  • Sykes, W.R. (1970). Contributions to the flora of Niue. Bulletin, New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research 200: 1-321.
  • Sykes, W.R. (2016). Flora of the Cook Islands: 1-973. National Tropical Botanical Garden, Hawaii.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Bernal, R., S.R. Gradstein & M. Celis (eds.). 2019. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Sources

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
  • EDGE Gymnosperms

    • EDGE of Existence (Gymnosperms)
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Species Profiles

    • Kew Species Profiles
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0