Scleria nyasensis C.B.Clarke

This species is accepted, and its native range is Uganda to S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Cyperaceae, K Hoenselaar, B. Verdcourt & H. Beentje. Hypolytrum, D Simpson. Fuirena, M Muasya. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2010

Type
Types: Malawi, Zomba, Whyte s.n. (K!, syn.) & Mt Malosa, Whyte s.n. (K!, syn.) & near Mt Sochi, Kirk s.n. (K!, syn.)
Morphology General Habit
Erect perennial (0.45–)0.8–1.5(–2) m tall with short reddish brown rhizome and purple roots and crowded stems with swollen bases up to 5 mm wide, usually joined to form an irregular woody mass or clump up to a meter across
Morphology Leaves
Leaves 20–30 cm long, 2–5(–7) mm wide, glabrous or hairy but sharply scabrid on margin and veins
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Lateral panicles rarely single, usually 3–5 (6) at 2–5 nodes, on slender pendulous glabrous or hairy peduncles exserted up to 20(–30) cm from the sheaths. Inflorescences 25–50(–100) cm long overall.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
ale spikelets 5–7(–8) mm long with pedicels usually shorter but sometimes up to 11 mm long; female spikelets 7–9 mm long with glumes straw-coloured to pale brown, sometimes with dark purple patches and green keels
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Nutlets white or greyish to brown or reddish brown, ovoid-ellipsoid, obovoid or subglobose, 2.5–3.6 mm long, 1.8–2.2 mm wide, distinctly regularly finely pitted with longitudinal rows of pits and the ridges with white hairs; hypogonium greyish white with 3 broadly triangular white or yellowish lobes usually extended into semiscarious sometimes bicuspidate apices adpressed to nutlet base.
Ecology
Permanent Phragmites and papyrus swamps, Syzygium swamp, sometimes in standing water; 70–1800 m
Note
" Stolz 1265 (Tanzania, Rungwe District, Mbaka, 13 May 1912) cited by Nelmes has the walls of the nutlet reticulation at least partly blackish.
Distribution
Flora districts: U2 U4 T1 T4 T6 T7 T8 Range: Congo-Kinshasa, Burundi, Zambia, Malawi, Zimbabwe

Native to:

Burundi, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Scleria nyasensis C.B.Clarke appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Whyte [s.n.], Malawi K000363400 Yes
Whyte [s.n.], Malawi K000363362 Yes
Whyte [s.n.], Malawi K000363363 Yes
Whyte [s.n.], Malawi K000363364 Yes

First published in D.Oliver & auct. suc. (eds.), Fl. Trop. Afr. 8: 504 (1902)

Accepted by

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2004). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-54382. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Hoenselaar, K., Verdcourt, B. & Beentje, H. (2010). Cyperaceae. Flora of Tropical East Africa: 1-466.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Browning, J. & al. (2020). Flora Zambesiaca 14: 1-455. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F.T.A. 8: 504 (1902)
  • Haines & Lye, Sedges & Rushes E. Afr.: 351, figs 727, 728 (1983).
  • Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 24 (109): 28 (1964)
  • K.B. 11: 86 (1956) pro parte
  • K.B. 18: 535 (1966)

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Plants and People Africa

    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/