Ilex paraguariensis A.St.-Hil.

First published in Mém. Mus. Hist. Nat. 9: 351 (1822)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Brazil to NE. Argentina. It is a shrub or tree and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome.

Distribution

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced into:

Hawaii

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Classification

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PAFTOL

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay. Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Paña-Chocarro, M.C., Espada-Mateos, C., Vera, M., Céspedes, G. & Knapp, S. (2010). Updated checklist of vascular plants of the Mbaracayú Forest Nature Reserve (Reserva Natural del Bosque Mbaracayú), Paraguay. Phytotaxa 12: 1-224.
  • Wagner, W.L., Herbst, D.R. & Sohmer, S.H. (1999). Manual of the Flowering Plants of Hawai'i, rev. ed., 1: 1-988. University of Hawai'i Press, Bishop Museum Press.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 6, 1988 Oliveira, P.I.; Cordeiro, J. [1013] Brazil K001068081 Yes
Dec 23, 1986 Hatschbach, G.G. [22729] Brazil K001068082 Yes
Jan 1, 1975 Anderson, W.R.; Stieber, M.T.; Kirkbride, J.H., Jr [36003] Brazil K001068062 Yes
Jan 1, 1965 Reitz, R.; Klein, R.M. [16372] Brazil K001068065 Yes
Oct 1, 1951 Riedel [s.n.] Brazil K001068092 Yes
Oct 1, 1951 Glaziou, A.F.M. [6123] Brazil K001068087 Yes
Oct 1, 1951 Parodi [s.n.] K001068093 Yes
Oct 1, 1951 Glaziou, A.F.M. [18999] Brazil K001068090 Yes
Oct 1, 1951 Gardner, G. [346] Brazil K001068088 Yes
Oct 1, 1951 Sello [2032 / 2080] Brazil K000588520 Syntype Yes
Oct 1, 1951 Lobb [34] Brazil K001068091 Yes
Oct 1, 1951 Glaziou, A.F.M. [18187] Brazil K001068089 Yes
May 17, 1892 Bonpland, A. [s.n.] Paraguay K000588521 Isotype Yes
Heringer Salles, A.E. [108] Brazil K001068058 Yes
Rambo, B. [48996] Brazil K001068068 Yes
Lindeman, J.C.; Haas, J.H., de [2898] Brazil K001068059 Yes
Smith, L.B.; Reitz, R.; Klein, R.M. [7638] Brazil K001068086 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [20257] Brazil K001068061 Yes
Saint-Hilaire, A.F.C.P. [B1/785] Brazil K001068084 Yes
Smith, L.B.; Reitz, R. [12804] Brazil K001068064 Yes
Saint-Hilaire, A.F.C.P. [B1/785] Brazil K001068085 Yes
Lindeman, J.C.; Haas, J.H., de [4912] Brazil K001068060 Yes
Hook. [s.n.] Paraguay K000588522 Type Yes
Hatschbach, G.G.; Silva, J.M. [51503] Brazil K001068080 Yes
Rambo, B. [44850] Brazil K001068066 Yes
Rambo, B. [50124] Brazil K001068067 Yes
Regnell, A.F. [I 50] Brazil K001068083 Yes
Reitz, R.; Klein, R.M. [13645] Brazil K001068063 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.] Paraguay K000588523 Type Yes
Rambo, B. [43968] Brazil K001068069 Yes

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0