Genus:
Amaranthus L.

Amaranthus viridis L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. Mexico to Tropical America. It is used as animal food and a medicine and for food.

[FTEA]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, erect or more rarely ascending, 10–75(–100) cm.
Morphology Stem
Stem rather slender, sparingly to considerably branched, angular, glabrous or more frequently increasingly hairy upwards (especially in the inflorescence) with short or longer and rather floccose multicellular hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous or shortly to fairly long-pilose on the lower surface of the primary or most of the venation, long-petiolate (petioles up to ± 10 cm. long and the longest commonly longer than the lamina); lamina deltoid-ovate to rhombic-oblong, 2–7 × 1.5–5.5 cm., the margins occasionally obviously sinuate, shortly cuneate to subtruncate below, obtuse and narrowly to clearly emarginate at the tip, minutely mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers green, in slender axillary or terminal, frequently paniculate spikes ± 2.5–12 cm. long and 2–5 mm. wide, or in the lower part of the stem in dense axillary clusters to ± 7 mm. in diameter; ♂ and ♀ flowers intermixed but the latter more numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts and bracteoles deltoid-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, whitish and membranous with a very short pale or reddish awn formed by the excurrent green midrib; bracteoles shorter than the perianth (± 1 mm.).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments 3(–4); ♂ oblong-oval, acute, concave, ± 1.5 mm., shorty mucronate; ♀ narrowly oblong to narrowly spathulate, finally 1.25–1.75 mm., the borders white-membranous, minutely mucronate or not, midrib green and often thickened above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 2–3, short, erect or almost so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, 1.25–1.75 mm., not or slightly exceeding the perianth, indehiscent or rupturing irregularly, very strongly rugose throughout.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ± 1–1.25 mm., round, only slightly compressed, dark brown to black with an often paler thick border, ± shining, reticulate and with shallow scurfy verrucae on the reticulum, the verrucae with the shape of the areolae.
Figures
Fig. 4/8, 5/5, 6.
Habitat
Weed of cultivation, along roadside, disturbed ground near dwellings, sea-shore; 0–1200 m.
Distribution
practically cosmopolitan in the tropical and subtropical regions of the world, penetrating more widely into the temperate regions than many of its allies (as in N. and S. America and in Europe) K7 T3 T4 T6 U2 U4 Z

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
amaranto, ataco, bledo, bledo blanco, bledo chico, bledo manso, bleo, bleo blanco, bleo negro, hierba de puerco

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 1600 m.; Andes, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[FZ]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Short-lived perennial herb (sometimes flowering in first year), erect or more rarely ascending, 10–75 (100) cm.
Morphology Stem
Stem rather slender, sparingly to considerably branched, angular, glabrous or more frequently increasingly (but still rather sparsely) hairy upwards (especially in the inflorescence) with short or longer and rather floccose multicellular hairs.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves glabrous or shortly to fairly long-pilose on the lower surface of the primary or most of the venation, long-petiolate (petioles up to c. 10 cm. long and the longest commonly longer than the lamina), lamina deltoid-ovate to rhomboid-oblong, 2–7 × 1.5–5.5 cm., the margins occasionally obviously sinuate, shortly cuneate to subtruncate below, obtuse and narrowly to clearly emarginate at the apex, minutely mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers green, in slender, axillary or terminal, frequently paniculate spikes c. 2.5–12 cm. long and 2–5 mm. wide, or in the lower part of the stem in dense axillary clusters to c. 7 mm. in diam.; male and female flowers intermixed but the latter more numerous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts and bracteoles deltoid-ovate to lanceolate-ovate, whitish-membranous with a very short pale or reddish awn formed by the excurrent green midrib, bracteoles shorter than the perianth (c. 1 mm. long).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth segments 3, very rarely 4, those of the male flowers oblong-elliptic, acute, concave, c. 1.5 mm. long, shortly mucronate; those of the female flowers narrowly oblong to narrowly spathulate, finally 1.25–1.75 mm. long, the borders white- membranous, minutely mucronate or not, midrib green and often thickened above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 2–3, short, erect or almost so.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule subglobose, 1.25–1.75 mm. in diam., not or only slightly exceeding the perianth, indehiscent or rupturing irregularly, very strongly rugose throughout at maturity.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed c. 1–1.25 mm. in diam., circular, only slightly compressed, more or less shining, reticulate and with shallow the verrucae on reticulum, the verrucae with shape of the areolae.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia. Elevation range: 0–1600 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Atlántico, Bolívar, Casanare, Guaviare, Huila, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Quindío, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupés.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Aruba, Bahamas, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Cayman Is., Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Galápagos, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Leeward Is., Mexico Southeast, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panamá, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, Trinidad-Tobago, Turks-Caicos Is., Uruguay, Venezuela, Windward Is.

Introduced into:

Afghanistan, Alabama, Aldabra, Algeria, Andaman Is., Angola, Arizona, Arkansas, Ascension, Assam, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Bangladesh, Benin, Borneo, Burkina, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, Caroline Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Comoros, Congo, Cook Is., Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Djibouti, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, Gabon, Gambia, Georgia, Ghana, Gilbert Is., Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Guyana, Hainan, Hawaii, India, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, Korea, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Laccadive Is., Laos, Lebanon-Syria, Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Line Is., Louisiana, Madeira, Malaya, Maldives, Mali, Maluku, Manchuria, Marianas, Marquesas, Marshall Is., Massachusetts, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Mississippi, Morocco, Mozambique, Myanmar, Nauru, Nepal, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Mexico, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, Nicobar Is., Niger, Nigeria, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Ohio, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Primorye, Queensland, Québec, Rodrigues, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Australia, South Carolina, South China Sea, Spain, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Sweden, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Thailand, Togo, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Transcaucasus, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Tunisia, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Uzbekistan, Victoria, Virginia, Wake I., West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Waterleaf

Amaranthus viridis L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2008 Jones [463], Malaysia K000512152 No
Jan 1, 2008 Jibrin Sibil [255], Sabah K000611719 No
Jan 1, 2008 Jibrin Sibil [9], Sabah K000611722 No
Jan 1, 2008 Jibrin Sibil [186], Sabah K000611723 No
Jan 1, 1984 Spruce, R. [s.n.], Peru K000202220 Yes
Jan 1, 1976 Ker, J.E. [s.n.], Australia K000357393 Yes
Mueller, F. [s.n.], Australia K000357392 Yes
Drummond [105], Australia K000357395 Yes
Rambo, B. [40084], Brazil K001207107 Yes
Nee, M. [42955], Brazil K001207109 Yes
Pearson, H.P.N. [17], Brazil K001207112 Yes
Eiten, G. [4729], Brazil K001207108 Yes
Mueller, F. [s.n.], Australia K000357391 Yes
Pickersgill, B. [RU72/458], Brazil K001207104 Yes
Coradin, L. [5865], Brazil K001207111 Yes
Vogel [13], Niger K001134164 No
Vogel [87], Niger K001134160 Yes
Eiten, G. [10402], Brazil K001207103 Yes
Drummond [105], Australia K000357394 Yes
Pearson, H.P.N. [17], Brazil K001207110 Yes
Hooker, J.D. [26], Cape Verde K001134161 Yes
Philcox, D. [3668], Brazil K001207106 Yes
Irwin, H.S. [17586], Brazil K001207105 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6901], India Amaranthus polystachyus K001126112 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6901] Amaranthus polystachyus K001126114 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6901], India Amaranthus polystachyus K001126113 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6901] Amaranthus polystachyus K001126116 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6901] Amaranthus polystachyus K001126118 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6901] Amaranthus polystachyus K001126115 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6901] Amaranthus polystachyus K001126117 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl. ed. 2: 1405 (1763)

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  • de Moura Júnior, E.G. & al. (2015). Updated checklist of aquatic macrophytes from Northern Brazil Acta Amazonica 45: 111-132.
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