Celosia argentea L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 205 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical Africa. It is an annual and grows primarily in the seasonally dry tropical biome. It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

Descriptions

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 100–1500 m a.s.l. Cultivated in Colombia. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Chocó, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, Quindío, Risaralda, San Andrés y Providencia, Tolima, Valle del Cauca, Vaupés.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
[UPFC]

Amaranthaceae, C. C. Townsend. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb, 0.4–2 m. tall, simple or much branched with the branches ascending.
Morphology Stem
Stem and branches obviously striate and often sulcate, quite glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves oblong-lanceolate to narrowly linear, acute or obtuse, glabrous, shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib; leaves from the centre of the stem 2–15 × 0.1–3.2 cm., attenuate below into a slender indistinct petiole; superior and branch leaves smaller, obviously reduced; small-leaved sterile shoots often present in the leaf axils.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences dense, (sometimes laxer below), spicate, many-flowered, 2.5–20 × 1.5–2.2 cm., silvery or pink, at first conical but later cylindrical, on long peduncles up to 20 m. or more at the ends of the stem and branches.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts and bracteoles lanceolate (or the lower deltoid), 3–5 mm. long, hyaline, more or less aristate with the excurrent midrib, persistent after fruit-fall.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 6–10 mm. long, narrowly oblong-elliptic, acute to rather obtuse, mucronate with the excurrent midrib, with one or two pairs of lateral nerves of which the inner reach about halfway up the tepal or more, centrally greenish or yellowish, with hyaline margins.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium
Filaments delicate, the free part equalling or exceeding the basal cup; intermediate teeth none or very rarely minute; both filaments and anthers creamy to magenta.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary 4–8-ovulate; style slender, 5–7 mm. long, with 2–3 very short stigmas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid or subglobose, 3–4 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds lenticular, black, shiny, c. 1.25–1.5 mm. in diam., faintly reticulate.
[FZ]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
abanico, borlas, celosia, cresta de gallo, crestas, crestegallo, manitas, moco de pavo, mocoepavo, moño de seda, plumosa, suspiro, terciopelo, tusa
[UNAL]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Cultivada en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1500 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Valle del Cauca.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
[CPLC]

Amaranthaceae, C.C. Townsend. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1985

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, erect, 0.4–2 m., simple or with many ascending branches.
Morphology Stem
Stem and branches strongly ridged and often sulcate, quite glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate-oblong to narrowly linear, acute to obtuse, shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib, glabrous; lamina of the leaves from the centre of the main stem 2–15 × 0.1–3.2 cm., tapering below into an indistinctly demarcated, slender petiole; upper and branch leaves smaller, markedly reducing; axils often with small-leaved sterile shoots.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a dense (rarely laxer below) many-flowered spike 2.5–20 × 1.5–2.2 cm., silvery to pink, at first conical but becoming cylindrical in full flower, terminal on the stem and branches, on a long sulcate peduncle up to ± 20 cm. long, which often lengthens during flowering.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts and bracteoles lanceolate or the lower deltoid, 3–5 mm., hyaline, ± aristate with the excurrent single nerve, persistent after the fall of the flower, as are the 2 similar bracteoles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Perianth
Perianth-segments 6–10 mm., narrowly elliptic-oblong, acute to rather blunt, shortly mucronate with the excurrent midrib, with 2–4 lateral nerves ascending more than halfway up the centre of each segment, margins widely hyaline.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Filaments very delicate, free part subequalling or exceeding the sheath, sinuses with no or very minute intermediate teeth; anthers and filaments creamy to magenta.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigmas 2–3, very short, the filiform style 5–7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 4–8-ovulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid to almost globular, 3–4 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds lenticular, ± 1.25–1.5 mm., black, shining, with a fine reticulate pattern.
Figures
Fig. 2.
Habitat
Weed of cultivation, or in flood plains or along rivers, ranging to grassland or dry lava hills; 610–1640 m.
Distribution
practically a pantropical weed, possibly originating in tropical Africa, where it is widespread K1 K2 K4 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T7 U1 U3 U4
[FTEA]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb, 0.4–2 m, simple to much-branched, stem and branches quite glabrous
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate-oblong to narrowly linear, acute or obtuse, glabrous, main stem-leaves 2–15 x 0.1–3.2 cm, narrowed to an obscure petiole, those of the upper stem and branches rapidly reducing
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a dense spike, 2.5–20 x 1.5–2.2 cm, silvery-white or pinkish, long-pedunculate on the stem and branches, at first conical, finally cylindrical, sometimes laxer at the base
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Tepal
Tepals 6–10 mm, narrowly elliptic-oblong, the midrib shortly excurrent, 1–2 shorter lateral nerves present on each side, margins broadly hyaline
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 4–8-ovulate; style slender, 5–7 mm long, with 2–3 very short stigmas
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid or subglobose, 3–4 mm.
Distribution
S3 almost a pantropical weed, probably originating in tropical Africa, where it is widespread.
Ecology
Altitude range 20 m.
Vernacular
Fut-ade (Somali).
[FSOM]

Amaranthaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Erect branched annual, 2–6 ft. high
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowering spike silvery-white, often pink-tinged.
Note
Probably introduced and naturalized; often cultivated.
[FWTA]

Uses

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Sources

  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0