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This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Mexico to Tropical America.
Pharus latifolius (Poaceae)

[GB]
Morphology General Habit
Perennial; caespitose. Culms erect; 30-100 cm long; 3 mm diam. Culm-internodes solid. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths loose; keeled; glabrous on surface. Ligule an eciliate membrane; 0.5-1 mm long; erose. Leaf-blade base with a false petiole; petiole 5-7 cm long. Leaf-blades inverted; elliptic; 15-30 cm long; 30-80 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation slanting obliquely from midrib; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade apex acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Monoecious; with male and female spikelets in the same inflorescence. Inflorescence a panicle. Peduncle pubescent above. Panicle open; ovate; 15-30 cm long; contracted about primary branches. Primary panicle branches spreading; simple. Panicle axis puberulous; with hooked hairs; bearing deciduous branches. Panicle branches stiff; pubescent; with hooked hairs. Sexes mixed. Spikelets appressed; in pairs. Fertile spikelets sessile; 1 in the cluster. Male spikelets pedicelled; 1 in a cluster. Pedicels filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; curved; subterete; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Male spikelets similar to female but less developed; 1 flowered; separately deciduous; lanceolate; 2.8-4 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 2. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets linear; curved; subterete; 10-17 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; similar; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume ovate; 9-12 mm long; 0.8-0.9 length of upper glume; scarious; dark brown; without keels; 7 -veined. Lower glume apex acute. Upper glume ovate; 10-13 mm long; 0.75 length of adjacent fertile lemma; scarious; dark brown; without keels; 7 -veined. Upper glume apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma linear; subterete; 10-17 mm long; cartilaginous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma lateral veins obscure. Lemma surface pubescent; hairy above; with hooked hairs. Lemma margins involute; interlocking with palea keels. Lemma apex acute; with a conical beak; with this appendage 1-1.5 mm long. Palea linear; 1 length of lemma; 2 -veined.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules absent. Anthers 6; 1.4-1.7 mm long. Stigmas 3; pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; oblong; sulcate on hilar side; 9-10 mm long.
sex Male
Male spikelets similar to female but less developed; 1 flowered; separately deciduous; lanceolate; 2.8-4 mm long. Male spikelet glumes 2. Male spikelet lemma 5 -veined.
Distribution
North America: Mexico. South America: Mesoamericana, Caribbean, northern South America, western South America, and Brazil.
Reference
Phareae. Fl Costa Rica.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 100 - 1700 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Llanura del Caribe, Pacífico.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
Preocupación Menor

Native to:

Belize, Bolivia, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil Southeast, Central American Pac, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Nicaragua, Panamá, Peru, Puerto Rico, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Windward Is.

Pharus latifolius L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 26, 2013 Silva, A. [154], Brazil K000947337
Jan 1, 1989 Soderstrom, T.R. [2209A], Bahia K000001146
Mar 16, 1985 Peru K001249265
Jan 1, 1973 Prance, G.T. [10224], Brazil K000947341
Feb 26, 1971 Venezuela K001249255
Feb 11, 1967 Peru K001249266
Feb 8, 1966 Ecuador K001249258 ISO
Jan 1, 1944 Archer, W.A. [8230], Brazil K000947339
Sep 22, 1922 Peru K001249262
Calderon, C.E. [2211], Bahia K000001139
Calderon, C.E. [2042], Bahia K000001142
Calderon, C.E. [2032], Bahia K000001143
Calderon, C.E. [2170], Bahia K000001144
Hage, J.L. [524], Bahia K000001141
Soderstrom, T.R. [2108], Bahia K000001145
Calderon, C.E. [2203], Bahia K000001140
Hage, J.L. [1302], Bahia K000001137
Harley, R.M. [17193], Bahia K000001138
Salzmann [0], Bahia K000001147
Blanchet [0], Bahia K000001148
Krukoff, B.A. [6461], Brazil K000947338
Spruce [1102], Brazil K000947336
Calderon, C.E. [2070], Brazil K000947340
Panama K001249240
Panama K001249241
Panama K001249242
Panama K001249243
Panama K001249244
Panama K001249245
Panama K001249246
Allen, C. [270], Colombia K001249247
Colombia K001249248
Colombia K001249249
Venezuela K001249250
Venezuela K001249251
Venezuela K001249252
Venezuela K001249253
Venezuela K001249254
Ecuador K001249256
Ecuador K001249257
Ecuador K001249259
Ecuador K001249260
Ecuador K001249261
Peru K001249263
Peru K001249264
Peru K001249267
Peru K001249268

First published in Syst. Nat. ed. 10, 2: 1269 (1759)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • ColPlantA (2021). "ColPlantA. Facilitated by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet; http://www.colplanta.org/"

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Davidse, G. & al. (eds.) (1994). Flora Mesoamericana 6: 1-543. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México, D.F.
  • Dávila, P., Mejia-Saulés, M.T., Gómez-Sánchez, N., Valdés-Reyna, J., Ortíz, J.J., Morín, C., Castrejón, J. & Ocampo, A. (2006). Catálogo de las Gramíneas de México: 1-671. CONABIO, México city.
  • Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2007). Flora of North America North of Mexico 24: 1-908. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
  • Forzza, R.C. & al. (2013). Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil http://floradobrasil.jbrj.gov.br/2010/.
  • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Renvoize, S.A. (1998). Gramineas de Bolivia: 1-644. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Trusty, J.L., Kesler, H.C. & Delgado, G.H. (2006). Vascular flora of Isla del Coco, Costa Rica Proceedings of the California Academy of Sciences, ser. 4, 57: 247-355.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Neotropikey
Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0