Chusquea ciliata Phil.

First published in Linnaea 33: 299 (1864)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Central Chile. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Culms woody. Culm-internodes terete. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Ligule a ciliolate membrane; 0.2 mm long. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 4-10 cm long; 5-8 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation without cross veins. Leaf-blade apex attenuate; filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted, or spiciform; linear; interrupted; 5-14 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 6-8 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 2-3 mm long; membranous; without keels. Lower glume apex attenuate. Upper glume lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels. Upper glume apex attenuate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 0.5 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret lanceolate; 3-4 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3-5 -veined; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 0.5 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret lanceolate; 4-5 mm long; chartaceous; acute; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret 1-1.5 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 6-8 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma surface puberulous; hairy above. Lemma apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
Distribution
South America: southern South America.
Reference
Bambuseae. WDC 2001.
[GB]

Sources

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0