Chusquea pallida Munro

First published in Trans. Linn. Soc. London 26: 65 (1868)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is NE. Colombia to N. Venezuela. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Culms scandent; 700-900 cm long; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; smooth. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; thinner than stem. Culm-sheaths persistent. Leaf-sheaths striately veined; glabrous on surface; outer margin hairy. Ligule an eciliate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 7.5-12 cm long; 9-20 mm wide. Leaf-blade venation prominent; with 8 secondary veins. Leaf-blade surface scabrous; rough adaxially; glabrous, or puberulous; hairy abaxially. Leaf-blade margins scabrous. Leaf-blade apex acute.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle open; ovate; 7-15 cm long. Primary panicle branches spreading. Panicle axis hirsute. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets elliptic; laterally compressed; 10 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes both absent or obscure.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 5 mm long; 0.5 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 0-1 -veined; without midvein, or with obscure midvein; without lateral veins; glabrous; acute; mucronate. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 5 mm long; chartaceous; acute; mucronate. Fertile lemma elliptic; 10 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7-9 -veined. Lemma lateral veins prominent. Lemma surface glabrous, or pubescent; hairy between veins. Lemma apex acuminate; mucronate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
Distribution
South America: northern South America.
Reference
Bambuseae. Munro 2001.
[GB]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1500–1700 m a.s.l. Native to Colombia. Colombian departments: Magdalena.
Habit
Climbing.
[UPFC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 1500 - 1700 m.; Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta.
Morphology General Habit
Trepadora
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0