Chusquea uliginosa Phil.

First published in Linnaea 30: 207 (1859)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is S. Central & S. Chile. It is a bamboo and grows primarily in the temperate biome.

Descriptions

Morphology General Habit
Perennial. Culms 200 cm long; 3-7 mm diam.; woody. Culm-internodes terete; solid; 17.5 cm long; distally glabrous. Lateral branches dendroid. Branch complement many; in a clump; with subequal branches; thinner than stem. Ligule a ciliolate membrane. Collar with external ligule. Leaf-blade base with a brief petiole-like connection to sheath. Leaf-blades lanceolate; 3-13 cm long; 4-9 mm wide; glaucous. Leaf-blade venation with 4-6 secondary veins; with distinct cross veins. Leaf-blade margins cartilaginous. Leaf-blade apex attenuate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence a panicle. Panicle contracted, or spiciform; linear; interrupted; 5-10 cm long. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Spikelets
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Fertile
Spikelets comprising 2 basal sterile florets; 1 fertile florets; without rhachilla extension. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 6-7 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts Glume
Glumes persistent; shorter than spikelet; thinner than fertile lemma. Lower glume lanceolate; 2 mm long; membranous; without keels; 3 -veined. Lower glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Lower glume awn 6 mm long. Upper glume lanceolate; 4 mm long; 0.5 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; without keels; 5 -veined. Upper glume apex acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Upper glume awn 4 mm long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Florets
Basal sterile florets barren; without significant palea; attached to and deciduous with the fertile. Lemma of lower sterile floret ovate; 4 mm long; 0.66 length of fertile lemma; chartaceous; 3 -veined; acute; awned. Awn of lower sterile floret 1-1.5 mm long. Lemma of upper sterile floret ovate; 5 mm long; chartaceous; acute; awned. Awn of upper sterile floret 1 mm long. Fertile lemma ovate; 6-7 mm long; coriaceous; without keel; 7 -veined. Lemma apex acute. Palea surface pubescent; hairy on back.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Lodicules 3; membranous. Anthers 3. Stigmas 2.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Caryopsis with adherent pericarp; apex unappendaged.
Distribution
South America: southern South America.
Reference
Bambuseae. Camus 2001.
[GB]

Sources

  • GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2023. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0