Solanum pseudocapsicum L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 184 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Bolivia to Brazil and S. South America. It is a subshrub or shrub and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome. It is has environmental uses and social uses, as a poison and a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Bolivia, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Chile Central, Chile North, Juan Fernández Is., Paraguay, Uruguay

Introduced into:

Alabama, Assam, Azores, Canary Is., Cape Provinces, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, East Aegean Is., East Himalaya, Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Florida, France, Free State, Georgia, Great Britain, Greece, Hawaii, Honduras, India, Iran, Jawa, Kenya, Kriti, KwaZulu-Natal, Lesotho, Louisiana, Madagascar, Madeira, Massachusetts, Mexico Southwest, Mississippi, Myanmar, Nepal, New South Wales, New York, North Carolina, North Caucasus, Northern Provinces, Pakistan, Panamá, Peru, Philippines, Portugal, Queensland, Réunion, South Australia, South Carolina, Spain, Taiwan, Tanzania, Tasmania, Texas, Tibet, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Turkey, Venezuela, Victoria, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Heterotypic Synonyms

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

  • (2020). Pullaiah, T. & Karuppusamy, S.. Flora of the Eastern Ghats 7: 1-474.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Grierson, A.J.C. & Long, D.G. (2001). Flora of Bhutan 2: 1-1675. Royal Botanic Gardens, Edinburgh.
  • Lê, T.C. (2005). Danh lục các loài thực vật Việt Nam 3: 1-1248. Hà Nội : Nhà xuất bản Nông nghiệp.
  • Muer, T., Sauerbier, H. & Cabrara Calixto, F. (2020). Die Farn- und Blütenpflanzen Madeiras: 1-792. Verlag und Versandbuchhandlung Andreas Kleinsteuber.
  • PBI Solanum Project (2014-continuously updated). Solanaceae Source: a global taxonomic resource for the nightshade family http://www.solanaceaesource.org/.
  • Schäfer, H. (2021). Flora of the Azores a field guide: 1-445. Margraf Publishers GmbH.
  • de Salas, MF, Baker, ML (2022). A Census of the Vascular Plants of Tasmania, including Macquarie Island: 1-161. Tasmanian Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart. https://flora.tmag.tas.gov.au/resources/census/.

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2019). https://doi.org/10.2436/20.1502.01.2. epublication.
  • (2020). Pullaiah, T. & Karuppusamy, S.. Flora of the Eastern Ghats 7: 1-474.
  • Amith, J. & collaborators (2020). Nahuatl Learning Environment http://www.balsas-nahuatl.org/index.html.
  • Bikandu, B., Lukoki, F. & Habari, J.P. (2020). Flore d'Afrique Centrale (Zaire-rwanda-Burundi) Solanaceae: 1-162. Jardin Botanique National de Belgique.
  • Nelson-Sutherland, C. (2010). Adiciones y Comentarios a la Flora de Honduras. Ceiba; a Scientific and Technical Journal Published by Zamorano 51: 70-88.
  • de Salas, MF, Baker, ML (2022). A Census of the Vascular Plants of Tasmania, including Macquarie Island: 1-161. Tasmanian Herbarium, Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery, Hobart. https://flora.tmag.tas.gov.au/resources/census/.

Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • FPI (2021). Food Plants International. https://fms.cmsvr.com/fmi/webd/Food_Plants_World?homeurl=https://foodplantsinternational.com/plants/
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • Garcia, H. (1992). Flora Medicinal de Colombia. Botánica Médica. Segunda Edición. Tercer Mundo Editores. Tomo III.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 60: 714 (1973)
  • Bailey, Man. Cult. Plants: 868 (1966)
  • Baileya 8: 34 (1960)
  • DC., Prodr. 13(1): 152 (1852)
  • Dunal, Synopsis: 11 (1816)
  • E.J. 54: 497 (1917)
  • E.P.A.: 874 (1963)
  • F.Z. 8 (4): 70 (2005)
  • Fl. Cap.: 90 (1904)
  • Fl. Egypt 159, Solanaceae: 43 (1998)
  • Fl. Eth.: 124 (2006).
  • Fl. Europ. 3: 198 (1972)
  • Fl. Iranica 100: 6 (1972)
  • G. Don, Gen. Hist. Dichlam. Pl.: 411 (1837)
  • Huxley et al., New RHS Dict. Gard. 4: 319 (1992)
  • Jaeger, Syst. studies Solanum in Africa: 331 (1985, ined.)
  • Journ. Adelaide Bot. Gard. 4: 97 (1981)
  • Polhill, Solanum in E and NE Africa: 12 (ined., 1961)
  • Purdie et al., Fl. Australia 29: 116 (1982)
  • Sp. Pl. 1: 184 (1753)
  • Verdcourt & Trump, Common Poisonous Pl. E. Afr. 168 (1969)

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2013 Eiten, G. [5790], Brazil K000983651 Yes
Nov 1, 2013 Groppo, M. Jr [864], Brazil K000983650 Yes
Aug 31, 2006 Wood [14181], Bolivia K000036837 Yes
Jul 26, 2006 Wood [21213], Bolivia K000036781 Yes
Jul 24, 2006 Wood [16738], Bolivia K000036769 Yes
Jul 24, 2006 Wood [17055], Bolivia K000036770 Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Hatschbach, G. [68738], Brazil K000982192 Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Lindberg, G.A. [175], Brazil K000983652 Yes
Jan 1, 1998 s.coll. [s.n.], Brazil K001058512 Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Irwin, H.S. [30475], Brazil K000983655 Yes
Jan 1, 1998 Glaziou [16297] K000983654 Yes
Jan 1, 1997 Palmer, E. [410], Mexico K000063820 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Ratter, J.A. [3914], Brazil K000982197 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Hinton, G.B. [669], Mexico K000063821 Yes
Jan 1, 1993 Hinton, G.B. [4020], Mexico K000063822 Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Bang, M. [972], Bolivia K000585604 syntype Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Bang, M. [1096], Bolivia K000585605 syntype Yes
Jan 1, 1991 s.coll. [12] K000982216 Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Glaziou [11370], Brazil K000982196 Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000982193 Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Eiten, G. [7856], Brazil K000982200 Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Sellow [s.n.], Brazil K000982195 Yes
Jan 1, 1991 Dusén, P. [6855], Brazil K001058513 Yes
Jan 1, 1990 Swann, C. [1838], Brazil K001058514 Yes
Jan 1, 1990 Macnight [352] K001058516 Yes
Jan 1, 1990 Balfour, I.B. [s.n.], Madagascar K000212409 Yes
Jan 1, 1986 Hinton, G.B. [1666], Mexico K000063823 Yes
Jan 1, 1976 Croat, T.B. [28473], Madagascar K000212410 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Okebiro, D. [337], Kenya K000788397 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Anonymous [26048], Iraq K000788432 Yes
Jul 4, 1905 Xiao-Ping, D. [49], China K000788398 No
Rodway, F.A. [617], Australia 9897.000 No
Botteri, M. [844], Mexico K000063819 Yes
Sellow [12], Brazil K000982194 Yes
Pallas [s.n.], Portugal K001152322 Yes
Xiao-Ping, D. [49], China K001152489 Yes
Barchet [504], China K001152495 Yes
Hu, S.Y. [12928], Hong Kong K001152497 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [4299], Australia K001154141 Yes
Kajewski, S.F. [1266], Australia K001154144 Yes
Rodway, F.A. [617], Australia K001154148 Yes
Mazzucconi, V.J. [282], Argentina K001167698 Yes
s.coll [56/H/1870], United Kingdom K001169827 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151587 No
Breyes-Brandwijk, M. [s.n.], South Africa K001159372 Yes
Hutchinson, J. [1260], South Africa K001159379 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], South Africa K001159385 Yes
Nurrish, L. [1666], South Africa K001159387 Yes
Chapman, A.W. [6] K001159733 Yes
s.coll [280], Paraguay K001161918 Yes
Herb. Lehmann [K230], Colombia K001165425 Yes
Haught, O.L. [2329], Colombia K001165426 Yes
Sauliere, A. [630a], India K001153183 Yes
St John, H. [11270], USA K001155604 Yes
Lindsay, N. [1022], Iran K001169837 Yes
Tressens, S.G. [2704], Argentina K001167700 Yes
Hassler, É. [2595], Paraguay K001161910 Yes
Hassler, É. [1653], Paraguay K001161919 Yes
Wood [13082], Bolivia K001165430 Yes
s.coll [1035], Paraguay K001161906 Yes
Balansa, B. [2100], Paraguay K001161915 Yes
Hinton, G.B. [1666], Mexico K001160674 Yes
Vine, R.S. [s.n.], Macedonia K001151581 Yes
Nee, M. [15006-c], USA K001169838 Yes
Herb Morrison, A. [1447], Australia K001154153 Yes
Clarke, C.B. [133], Portugal K001152323 Yes
Herb. Forster [s.n.], Portugal K001152320 Yes
Ferrucci, S. [108], Argentina K001167697 Yes
Vine, R.S. [s.n.], Macedonia K001151580 Yes
Herb Morrison, A. [1448], Australia K001154151 Yes
Hieronymus, G.H.E.W. [627], Argentina K001167688 Yes
Sparre, B. [7], Argentina K001167690 Yes
Schultes, R.E. [7504], Colombia K001165422 Yes
Degener, O. [7373], USA K001155603 Yes
Nee, M. [33951], Bolivia K001165434 Yes
Steinbach, J. [14786], Bolivia K001165432 Yes
Alcock, C.R. [2681], Australia K001154146 Yes
Strey, R.G. [7686], South Africa K001159375 Yes
Lourteig, A. [1881], Paraguay K001161911 Yes
Glaziou, A.F.M. [8869], Brazil K000983653 Yes
Krishnappa, D.G. [159], India K001153182 Yes
Haught, O.L. [4193], Colombia K001165424 Yes
Degener, O. [7375], USA K001155605 Yes
Blake, S.T. [5022], Australia K001154145 Yes
Liebenberg, L.C.C. [8618], South Africa K001159369 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.] K001058515 Yes
Herb. Moniz [s.n.], Portugal K001152318 Yes
Nunes, S. [57], Brazil K001161905 Yes
Smith, L.B. [10,289], Brazil K000982201 Yes
Hassler, É. [12381], Paraguay K001161916 Yes
Palmer, E.J. [11981], USA K001159734 Yes
MacOwan, P. [108] K001159381 Yes
Herb. Wolley Dod, A.H. [426], South Africa K001159388 Yes
Carew Hunt, T. [40], Portugal K001152327 Yes
Deane, H. [s.n.], India K001153185 Yes
Rojas [8409], Paraguay K001161914 Yes
Asplund, E. [6104], Ecuador K001165428 Yes
Cavalerie, J. [7527], China K001152493 Yes
Lambdon, P.W. [SH020], St. Helena K000369827 Yes
s.coll [19] K001151585 Yes
Guillarmod, J. [48], South Africa K001159386 Yes
Clemens, M.S. [s.n.], Australia K001154143 Yes
Maesen, L.J.G. van der [2924], India K001153184 Yes
Pedersen, T.M. [6207], Argentina K001167702 Yes
King [101] K001167682 Yes
Castro, R. [52341], Argentina K001167703 Yes
Mgaza, C.D. [24], Tanzania K001169836 Yes
Plowman, T.C. [2668], Chile K001167681 Yes
Bourgeau, E. [283], Spain K001152308 Yes
s.coll [143], Uruguay K001167705 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], South Africa K001159380 Yes
Matthew, K.M. [48892], India K001153186 Yes
Constable, E.F. [41735], Australia K001154149 Yes
Baldacci, A. [219], Albania K001151584 Yes
Nicholas, A. [1708], South Africa K001159377 Yes
Nee, M. [33775], Bolivia K001165435 Yes
Godman, F.D. [s.n.], Portugal K001152324 Yes
Maire, E.-.E. [61], China K001152491 Yes
Wheeler, F. [s.n.], Australia K001154147 Yes
Arnold, M.H.M. [s.n.], South Africa K001159383 Yes
Tweedie [s.n.] K001169826 Yes
Léveillé [936], China K001152490 Yes
Leonard, A. [1893] K001169828 Yes
Fox [s.n.], Argentina K001167684 Yes
Pedersen, T.M. [5105], Paraguay K001161917 Yes
Hassler, É. [7604], Paraguay K001161908 Yes
Keller, H.A. [6180], Argentina K001167687 Yes
Bertoni [878], Argentina K001167692 Yes
Howick [3], South Africa K001159376 Yes
Strey, R.G. [10639], South Africa K001159382 Yes
Hassler, É. [1402], Paraguay K001161913 Yes
Rogers, F.A. [18233], South Africa K001159373 Yes
Carew Hunt, T. [144], Portugal K001152326 Yes
Eyerdam, W.J. [23366], Argentina K001167689 Yes
Tressens, S.G. [4031], Argentina K001167694 Yes
Mandon, G. [178], Portugal K001152319 Yes
O'Hara, J. [3492], Australia K001154150 Yes
Cristóbal, C.L. [2089], Argentina K001167691 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152321 Yes
Vine, R.S. [s.n.], Macedonia K001151583 Yes
Glaziou [9551], Brazil K000983656 Yes
Wells, W.J. [3971], South Africa K001159378 Yes
McDonald [48544], Indonesia K001153537 Yes
Hubbard, C.E. [4299], Australia K001154142 Yes
Herb Morrison, A. [1449], Australia K001154152 Yes
s.coll [CPC5], Russian Federation K001169825 Yes
Venturi, S. [7894], Argentina K001167699 Yes
s.coll [79] K001152309 Yes
Balansa, B. [2099], Paraguay K001161909 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151586 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001152325 Yes
Herb Hookerianum [1400] K001167683 Yes
Plowman, T.C. [2733], Argentina K001167695 Yes
McVaugh, R. [6852], USA K001159735 Yes
Faber, E. [s.n.], China K001152496 Yes
Young, R.G.N. [s.n.], South Africa K001159374 Yes
Bourgeau, E. [1448], Spain K001152307 Yes
Maire, E.-.E. [1995], China K001152492 Yes
Darwin, S.P. [1210], USA K001155602 Yes
Steinbach, J. [8691], Bolivia K001165433 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Portugal K001152317 Yes
s.coll [717], Argentina K001167680 Yes
Beck, S.G. [9809], Bolivia K001165436 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], China K001152494 Yes
Hunziker, A.T. [6893], Argentina K001167696 Yes
Jorgensen, P. [3676], Paraguay K001161907 Yes
Balsinhas, A.A. [3386], South Africa K001159370 Yes
Venturi, S. [40378], Argentina K001167693 Yes
Osten, C. [16290], Uruguay K001167704 Yes
Geldenhuys, C.J. [362], South Africa K001159384 Yes
s.coll [s.n.] K001151588 No
Fendler, A. [990], Venezuela K001165427 Yes
Arnold, T.H. [215], South Africa K001159371 Yes
Schultes, R.E. [7504], Colombia K001165423 Yes
Vine, R.S. [s.n.], Macedonia K001151582 Yes
Wood [7594], Bolivia K001165431 Yes
Tressens, S.G. [2762], Argentina K001167701 Yes
Wood [7641], Bolivia K001165429 Yes
s.coll [s.n.], Brazil Solanum capsicastrum K001168562 Yes
Purdie [77], Trinidad-Tobago Solanum karstenii K000532434 Yes
Purdie [77], Trinidad-Tobago Solanum karstenii K000532436 Yes
Purdie [77], Trinidad-Tobago Solanum karstenii K000532435 Yes
Lockhart [201], Trinidad-Tobago Solanum karstenii K000532433 Yes
s.coll [5641], Argentina Solanum diflorum K001167506 Yes
Martínez Crovetto, R. [10802], Argentina Solanum diflorum K001167503 Yes
Gareiso, A.R. [129], Argentina Solanum diflorum K001167505 Yes
Montes, J.E. [3367], Argentina Solanum diflorum K001167502 Yes
Ferraro, L.I. [1996], Argentina Solanum diflorum K001167504 Yes
Spegazzini, R.A. [64606], Argentina Solanum diflorum K001167507 Yes
Pringle, C.G. [8070], Mexico Solanum jaliscanum K000063825 Yes
Pringle, C.G. [6870], Mexico Solanum jaliscanum K000063826 No
s.coll [H1402/53], United Kingdom Solanum tucumanense K001167783 Yes
Saravia Toledo, C. [12970], Argentina Solanum tucumanense K001167782 Yes
Temperate Dept. [H4419/66], United Kingdom Solanum tucumanense K001170921 Yes

Sources

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0