Adenia Forssk.

This genus is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical Old World.

[FSOM]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple, entire or lobed, or palmately divided; glands usually present at base of blade or near top of petiole and sometimes also elsewhere on the lower surface
Morphology General Habit
Plants usually dioecious; inflorescences cymose, female ones with fewer flowers than the male Perennial herbaceous or woody climbers with tendrils, or erect herbs or shrublets with or without tendrils, usually with conspicuous rootstock or tuber, sometimes armed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower unisexual, campanulate to tubular, mostly greenish-yellow, glabrous Male flowers with stamens free or partially united; ovary rudimentary Female flowers mostly smaller than male; staminodes subulate; ovary glabrous; styles 3(–5), free or partially united; stigmas much divided or papillate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals included, mostly with fringed margin
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona a laciniate rim of hairs, or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disc consisting of 5 strap-shaped glands, or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a capsule or berry.
Distribution
Over a hundred species, most numerous in Africa and Madagascar, some also in SE Asia and N Australia.

[FZ]

Passifloraceae, R. & A. Fernandes. Flora Zambesiaca 4. 1978

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous to ligneous perennial climbers with tendrils, sometimes erect herbs or shrubs or small trees usually without tendrils, arising from a rootstock or tuber or provided with a thick main stem.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile or ± long-petiolate, simple and entire, variously lobed to palmately partite or rarely palmately compound, glabrous or pubescent.
Morphology General Glands
Glands (0)1–2 at the base of the lamina, at or near the top of the petiole, sometimes with others on the lower surface or at the margin of the lamina.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules minute, narrowly triangular or reniform.
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils axillary (sterile tendrils).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, cymose, the median or the first three flower(s) often replaced by tendril(s) (inflorescence tendrils).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Bracts and bracteoles minute, triangular to subulate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium saucer- or cup-shaped or tubular.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4)5(6), free or ± long-connate, imbricate, persistent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4)5(6), free or ± adnate to the calyx-tube included in the calyx, usually fimbriate or laciniate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona annular or consisting of 5 cup-shaped parts or of a laciniate rim or membrane or a row of filaments or hairs, or 0.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk-glands 5, ± strap-shaped, truncate or capitate, inserted at or near the base of the hypanthium, alternating with the petals, or sometimes absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers: stamens (4)5(6), hypogynous or perigynous, with the filaments free or partially connate into a tube and the anthers basifixed, oblong to linear, acute or obtuse, often apiculate or mucronate, 2-locular, with 2 longitudinal slits; vestigial ovary minute. Female flowers: usually smaller than the male ones; staminodes ± subulate; ovary superior, subsessile or shortly stipitate, globular to oblong, 1-locular, with 3(5) parietal placentas, usually with numerous anatropous 2-tegumented ovules; styles 3(5), free or partially connate; stigmas usually reniform to subglobular, laciniate or plumose or densely woolly-papillate. Flowers dioecious or rarely monoecious, hermaphrodite or polygamous, campanulate or urceolate to tubular or infundibuliform, usually greenish or yellowish, with a stipe articulate at the base.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule stipitate, 3(5)-valved, the pericarp coriaceous to somewhat fleshy, greenish, yellowish or bright red.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± compressed, with crustaceous pitted testa, enclosed in a membranous to pulpy aril; endosperm horny; embryo large, straight, with foliaceous cotyledons.

[FTEA]

Passifloraceae, W. J. J. O. de Wildem (Rijksherbarium, Leiden). Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Herbaceous to ± woody perennial climbers with tendrils, sometimes erect herbs or shrublets mostly without tendrils, often with a rootstock or tuber, or a swollen main stem, sometimes thorny or spiny, glabrous or sometimes pubescent
Morphology Leaves
Leaves either simple, entire or lobed, or palmately divided or pseudo-compound; glands (0–)1–2 at the blade-base, at or near the top of the petiole, and with or without glands elsewhere on the lower surface or margin of the blade
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules minute, narrowly triangular or reniform
Morphology General Tendrils
Tendrils axillary
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, cymose, the middle (or the first 3) flowers often replaced by tendrils; bracts and bracteoles minute, triangular to subulate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers dioecious or rarely monoecious, bisexual or polygamous, campanulate or urceolate to tubular or infundibuliform, mostly greenish or yellowish, always glabrous; stipe articulate at base Female flowers mostly smaller than ♂, with smaller petals; staminodes ± subulate; ovary superior, shortly stipitate or subsessile, globose to oblong; placentas 3(–5), ovules usually numerous; styles 3(–5), free or partially united, sometimes very short; stigmas mostly subglobose, laciniate, plumose or densely woolly-papillate Male flowers : stamens (4–)5(–6), hypogynous or perigynous (variably inserted on the hypanthium), free or partially connate into a tube; anthers basifixed, oblong to linear, often apiculate, 2-thecous, opening introrsely to laterally; vestigial ovary minute
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Hypanthium
Hypanthium saucer-or cup-shaped, or tubular
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals (4–)5(–6), free or partially connate into a calyx-tube, imbricate, persistent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals (4–)5(–6), free, included in the calyx, sometimes adnate with the calyx-tube, mostly fimbriate or laciniate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona annular, or consisting of 5 cap-shaped parts, or of a laciniate rim or membrane, or composed of hair-like processes, or absent
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Disc
Disk-glands 5, ligulate or strap-shaped, inserted at or near the base of the hypanthium, alternating with the petals, or absent
sex Male
Male flowers : stamens (4–)5(–6), hypogynous or perigynous (variably inserted on the hypanthium), free or partially connate into a tube; anthers basifixed, oblong to linear, often apiculate, 2-thecous, opening introrsely to laterally; vestigial ovary minute
sex Female
Female flowers mostly smaller than ♂, with smaller petals; staminodes ± subulate; ovary superior, shortly stipitate or subsessile, globose to oblong; placentas 3(–5), ovules usually numerous; styles 3(–5), free or partially united, sometimes very short; stigmas mostly subglobose, laciniate, plumose or densely woolly-papillate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit a stipitate 3(–5)-valved capsule; pericarp coriaceous to rather fleshy (and hence fruit ± berry-like), rarely somewhat woody, greenish to yellow or bright red
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds ± compressed, with crustaceous pitted testa, enclosed in a membranous to pulpy sometimes juicy aril.

Native to:

Andaman Is., Angola, Assam, Bangladesh, Benin, Bismarck Archipelago, Borneo, Botswana, Burkina, Burundi, Cabinda, Cambodia, Cameroon, Cape Provinces, Central African Repu, Chad, China South-Central, China Southeast, Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, East Himalaya, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Hainan, India, Ivory Coast, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Mali, Maluku, Mozambique, Myanmar, Namibia, New Guinea, Nicobar Is., Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Pakistan, Philippines, Queensland, Rwanda, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Swaziland, Taiwan, Tanzania, Thailand, Togo, Uganda, Vietnam, West Himalaya, Western Australia, Yemen, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Adenia Forssk. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2008 Etuge, M. [1984 B], Cameroon K000437252 No
Jun 1, 2000 Cheek, M. [9857], Cameroon K000338138 No
Drummond, R.B. [1930], Tanzania 11687.000 No
Bally, P.R.O. [B14670], Kenya 2700.049 No
Sierra Leone 29047.115 No
Richards, H.M. [20718], Zambia 29276.000 No
Gartlan, J.S. [33], Cameroon 7466.000 No
Chandler, P. [1641], Uganda 9950.000 No
Drummond, R.B. [3562], Tanzania 9951.000 No
Zapfack, L. [888], Cameroon K000436818 No
Wild, H. [44479], Zimbabwe Machadoa 11689.000 No
Cruse, A.W. [419], Zimbabwe Machadoa 9954.000 No

First published in Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 77 (1775)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 529. MIM, Deurne.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • —F.T.A. 2: 512, as Modecca Lam. and Ophiocaulon Hook. f.

Flora Zambesiaca

  • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab.: 77 (1775).
  • de Wilde in Meded. Landb. Wag. 71, 18: 50(1971).

Flora of Somalia

  • Flora Somalia, Vol 1, (1993) Author: by M. Thulin [updated by M. Thulin 2008]
  • de Wilde in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 71-18 (1971).

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Engl, in E.J. 14 : 374 (1891)
  • Fl. Aegypt.-Arab. : 77 (1775)
  • Harms in E. & P. Pf., ed. 2, 21 : 488 (1925)
  • Liebenberg in Bothalia 3 : 513 (1939)
  • Perrier de la Bâthie in Fl. Madag., Fam. 143 : 2 (1945)
  • de Wilde in Adansonia, sér. 2, 10 : 111 (1970)
  • in Meded. Landbouwhogeschool Wageningen 71–18 : 1–281 (1971)

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Somalia

    Flora of Somalia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0