Tetracera alnifolia Willd.

First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4. 2: 1243 (1799)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Tropical Africa. It is a liana and grows primarily in the wet tropical biome.

Descriptions

Dilleniaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Large liane, flowers white
Ecology
Frequent on the sea coast, in mangrove swamps, and also inland.
[FWTA]

Dilleniaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:1. 1960

Morphology General Habit
Woody liane up to 15 m. or more tall, main stems up to 10 cm. in diam., young stems sparsely appressed-hairy or glabrescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina up to 15 x 8 cm., oblong, oblong-elliptic or broadly elliptic, apex rounded, subacute or emarginate, margin entire or sinuate-dentate, often recurved, very minutely tuberculate-scabrid on both sides or almost smooth, very sparsely appressed-hairy beneath or glabrous, petiole up to 2.5 cm. long, appressed-pubescent or glabrescent, often very narrowly winged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white in ample, terminal panicles c. 20 x 10 cm.; branches of inflorescence pubescent or glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals c. 7 x 5 mm., rotund-concave, obtuse, sparsely pubescent or glabrescent outside, glabrous within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals c. 8 x 6 mm., broadly obovate, truncate or emarginate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Carpels
Carpels 3, glabrous or nearly so; styles divergent, protruding a short way beyond the anthers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruiting carpels c. 1 x 0.75 cm., dull red, woody, ovoid, apiculate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds few, c. 5 mm. in diam., shining black, very minutely reticulate, compressed globose; aril orange, enclosing the seed, fimbriate.
[FZ]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0