Dioscorea smilacifolia De Wild. & T.Durand

This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Uganda and Angola.

[FWTA]

Dioscoreaceae, J. Miège. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Perennial climber with spiny stems 12 ft. high
Morphology Leaves
Trinerved ovate leaves.

[FTEA]

Dioscoreaceae, E. Milne-Redhead. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1975

Morphology General Habit
Tuber probably replaced annually, shape and armament not recorded.
Morphology Stem
Twining stems with scattered prickles below.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves opposite or alternate, glabrous; petiole up to 7 cm. long; blade ovate, elliptic or rarely suborbicular, rounded at the base, broadly and shortly acuminate, conspicuously 3-nerved with the lateral nerves running near the margin, up to 9(–13) cm. long and 6(–10) cm. broad.
Vegetative Multiplication Tubers
Aerial tubers not observed.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male spicate, up to 7 cm. long, arising up to 6 in the axils of leaves or leafless nodes on terminal or lateral branches up to 40 cm. long; perianth subglobose, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter. Female 1 per leaf-axil, up to 40 cm. long, often much shorter; perianth semi-globose, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter. Ovary glabrous.
sex Male
Male spicate, up to 7 cm. long, arising up to 6 in the axils of leaves or leafless nodes on terminal or lateral branches up to 40 cm. long; perianth subglobose, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter.
sex Female
Female 1 per leaf-axil, up to 40 cm. long, often much shorter; perianth semi-globose, ± 1.5 mm. in diameter. Ovary glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule as 6, D. odoratissima, up to 3.5 cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds winged all round.
Habitat
Lowland rain-forest; 1200 m.
Distribution
U4 Zaire, Angola (Zaire), Cameroun, Fernando Po and westwards to Sierra Leone

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

Dioscorea smilacifolia De Wild. & T.Durand appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 1, 2009 Nana felicite [67], Cameroon K000339013 Yes
Jan 1, 2005 Cheek, M. [12003], Cameroon K000199853 Yes
Oct 1, 2001 Cheek, M. [7164], Cameroon K000109583 No
Dec 1, 2000 Wheatley, J.I. [376], Cameroon K000436721 Yes
Thomas, N.W. [7434], Sierra Leone K000809885 Yes
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [6186], Liberia K000809888 Yes
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [11151], Liberia K000809889 Yes
Wilde, J.J.F.E. de [3581], Côte d'Ivoire K000809892 Yes
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8051], Côte d'Ivoire K000809895 Yes
s.coll [20273], Nigeria K000809897 Yes
Binuyo, A. [35194], Cameroon K000809901 Yes
Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [9035], Cameroon K000809905 Yes
Harris, D.J. [21], Central African Republic K000809907 Yes
Casas, F. [11417], Equatorial Guinea K000809908 Yes
Sosef, M.S.M. [1051], Gabon K000809909 Yes
Menavanza, F. [107], Congo, DRC K000809912 Yes
Menavanza, F. [107], Congo, DRC K000809913 Yes
Elliot, G.F.S. [4026], Sierra Leone K001146054 Yes
s.coll [76], Liberia K001146056 Yes
Oldeman, R.A.A. [93], Côte d'Ivoire K001146060 Yes
Meikle, R.D. [1193], Nigeria K001146074 Yes
Binuyo, A. [35194], Cameroon K001146084 Yes
Louis [4227], Congo, DRC K001146508 Yes
Louis, J.L.P. [5638], Congo, DRC K001146511 Yes
Leeuweberg, M.J.A. [2925], Côte d'Ivoire K000809894 Yes
Thomas, N.W. [s.n.], Sierra Leone K001146053 Yes
Thomas, N.W. [2343], Nigeria K001146076 Yes
Leeuweberg, M.J.A. [2382], Côte d'Ivoire K001146061 Yes
Leeuweberg, M.J.A. [2207], Côte d'Ivoire K000809893 Yes
Glanville, R.R. [1526], Sierra Leone K000809887 Yes
Mann, G. [2283], Nigeria K001146083 Yes
Meikle, R.D. [1193], Nigeria K001146073 Yes
Zenker, G.A. [2737], Cameroon K001146503 Yes
Cummins, H.A. [s.n.], Ghana K001146069 Yes
Dunlap [s.n.], Cameroon K001146085 Yes
Dummer, R.A. [4364], Uganda K001147452 Yes
Harley, W.J. [902], Liberia K001146067 Yes
Gossweiler [9128], Angola K001146506 Yes
Onochie, C.F.A. [35329], Nigeria K000809900 Yes
Talbot, P.A. [s.n.], Nigeria K001146079 Yes
Champluvier, D. [5218], Congo, DRC K000809911 Yes
Bos, J. [2342], Liberia K001146066 Yes
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Liberia K001146055 Yes
s.coll [20273], Nigeria K000809898 Yes
Boughey, A.S. [14763], Côte d'Ivoire K001146058 Yes
Zenker, G.A. [1263], Cameroon K001146504 Yes
Guinea, E. [1279] K001146086 Yes
Adam, J.G. [20898], Liberia K001146068 Yes
s.coll [87], Ghana K001146062 Yes
Thomas, N.W. [2081], Nigeria K001146077 Yes
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [13976A], Cameroon K000809906 Yes
Harris, D.J. [1422], Central African Republic K000809902 Yes
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [11151], Liberia K001146057 Yes
Irvine, F.R. [590], Ghana K001146064 Yes
Fay, J.M. [1979], Central African Republic K000809903 Yes
Harder, D.K. [3385], Ghana K000809896 Yes
Compère, P. [389], Congo, DRC K001146512 Yes
Keay [25663], Nigeria K001146072 Yes
Guinea, E. [1277] K001146087 Yes
Gossweiler, J. [6545], Angola K001146505 Yes
Onochie, C.F.A. [35329], Nigeria K000809899 Yes
Keay, R.W.J. [25663], Nigeria K001146071 Yes
Fishlock, W.C. [3], Ghana K001146063 Yes
Robyns [1151], Congo, DRC K001146509 Yes
Talbot, P.A. [s.n.], Nigeria K001146078 Yes
Oldeman, R.A.A. [848], Côte d'Ivoire K001146059 Yes
Harris, D.J. [87], Central African Republic K000809904 Yes
Baldwin, J.T.Jr. [11136], Liberia K000809890 Yes
Irvine, F.R. [120], Ghana K001146070 Yes
Whyte, A. [s.n.], Liberia K001146065 Yes
Elliot, G.F.S. [4157], Sierra Leone K001146051 Yes
Mann, G. [2283], Nigeria K001146082 Yes
Jones, A.P.D. [2558], Nigeria K001146075 Yes
Bos, J.J. [2499], Liberia K000809891 Yes
Germain, R.G.A. [8464], Congo, DRC K001146507 Yes
Champluvier, D. [5218], Congo, DRC K000809910 Yes
Thomas, N.W. [7620], Sierra Leone K001146052 Yes
Glanville, R.R. [1526], Sierra Leone K000809886 Yes
s.coll [48] K001146081 Yes
Wieringa, J.J. [721], Gabon K001146510 Yes
s.coll [117], Nigeria K001146080 Yes

First published in Ann. Mus. Congo Belge, Bot., sér. 2, 1(1): 58 (1899)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Govaerts, R., Wilkin, P. & Saunders, R.M.K. (2007). World Checklist of Dioscoreales. Yams and their allies: 1-65. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 30: 1-307.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Burkill in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux. 15: 391 (1939)
  • Knuth in Engl., Pflanzenr. Dioscoreac. 4, 43: 303 (1924)
  • Miège, Contrib. Dioscor. 138 (1952).
  • in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 2, 1: 58 (1899)
  • in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 3, 1: 239 (1901)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
  • Sosef, M.S.M. & al. (2006). Check-list des plantes vasculaires du Gabon Scripta Botanica Belgica 35: 1-438.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Burkill in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique de l'État a Bruxelles 15: 391 (1939).
  • De Wild. & Th. Dur. in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 2, 1: 58 (1899)
  • De Wild. & Th. Dur. in Ann. Mus. Congo, Bot., sér. 3, 1: 239 (1901).
  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 382 (1936).
  • Miège in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 153 (1968).
  • R. Knuth in A. Engler, Das Pflanzenreich IV. 43: 303 (1924).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0