Genus:
Dipsacus L.

Dipsacus pinnatifidus Steud. ex A.Rich.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Mountains of NE. & E. Tropical Africa to DR Congo, Cameroon.

[FWTA]

Dipsacaceae, F. N. Hepper. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
A stout erect perennial herb up to 5 ft. high, with prickly stems and midribs
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers white, in prickly, long-pedunculate heads
Ecology
In montane grassland.

[FTEA]

Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herbs 0.6–3 m. high.
Morphology Stem
Stems erect, usually stout, angular and bearing small prickles on the angles, rarely terete and smooth, glabrous throughout or with the lower internodes pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves sessile, 5–20 cm. long, lanceolate, rounded below, toothed or pinnatipartite, with the midrib and sometimes the secondary veins aculeate beneath, usually glabrous; bases of the upper stem-leaves sometimes connate; lateral shoots with much smaller and less divided subpetiolate or sessile leaves.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Terminal inflorescences of one to several heads on aculeate peduncles resembling the stems, often more densely aculeate and pubescent beneath the globose 2.5–4(–4.5) cm. diameter head; lateral inflorescences frequently developed on older plants, more contracted, with heads 2–3 cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts of the receptacle chartaceous, acuminate, spine-tipped and very variable in size, especially in the length of the pubescent spiny tip. Involucral bracts spreading, foliaceous, attenuate, from half the length of to slightly exceeding the head.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Involucel pubescent, becoming 3–4 mm. long in fruit with a narrow sinuate membranous limb when mature.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx cupular, 1–1.5 mm. long, shallowly 4-lobed, pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla white or cream, 6–15 mm. long; tube sparingly pubescent without; lobes glabrous, subequal.
Figures
Fig. 1.
Habitat
Upland grassland and damp places, glades in upland forest and bamboo thicket; 2000–3950 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K6 T2 U1 U2 U3 also from the Cameroon Mts. to Ethiopia and the Congo Republic

Native to:

Burundi, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zaïre

Dipsacus pinnatifidus Steud. ex A.Rich. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Nov 1, 2008 Pichi Sermolli [6819], Ethiopia K000612560 No
Quartin-Dillon [919], Ethiopia K000252324 Yes
Schimper [563], Ethiopia K000252326 Yes
Schimper [865], Ethiopia K000252329 Yes
Schimper [665], Ethiopia K000252330 Yes
Schimper [665], Ethiopia K000252331 Yes
Schimper [865], Ethiopia K000252328 Yes
Ethiopia K000252327 Yes
Schimper [563], Ethiopia K000252325 Yes

First published in Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 367 (1848)

Accepted by

  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Napper, D.M. (1968). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dipsacaceae: 1-11.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Hedberg in Sym. Bot. Upsal. 15: 183 (1957).
  • Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 367 (1848)

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 367 (1847).
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1028 (1965).
  • De Wild., Pl. Bequaert. 1: 555 (1922).
  • Engl, Hochgeb. Trop. Afr.: 403 (1892).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 396 (1895).
  • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 467 (1952).
  • Hepper in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 223 (1963).
  • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 250 (1877).
  • Mildbr. in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 342 (1912).
  • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 183 (1957).
  • Robyns, Flore des Spermatophytes du Parc National Albert 2: 385 (1947).

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0