Genus:
Scabiosa L.

Scabiosa columbaria L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Europe to Iran and Arabian Peninsula, NW. Africa, Tropical African Mountains.

[FTEA]

Dipsacaceae, D. M. Napper. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, 0.15–1.2 m. high, with erect branched pubescent stems, markedly heterophyllous.
Morphology Leaves
Radical leaves sessile, entire or deeply lobed in the lower part with the margin toothed or crenate above, glabrous or pubescent; lower stem-leaves deeply pinnatifid, rarely bipinnate; upper stem-leaves deeply pinnatipartite, smaller and simply pinnate or entire.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Heads (2–)2.5– 3.5(–4) cm. in diameter, on long peduncles.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts of the receptacle linear-lanceolate, acute, 3–5 mm. long, pubescent above. Involucral bracts lanceolate, acute, varying from half the length of the marginal flowers to exceeding them.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Involucel pubescent, becoming 8-furrowed and (including the limb) 4–5 mm. long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx small, pilose, with bristles 3–6 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla lilac, mauve or, rarely, pinkish, 5–20 mm. long, larger and more unequally lobed in the marginal flowers.
Figures
Fig. 3/5, p. 8.
Habitat
Upland grassland and grass-moor; 2100–4100 m.
Distribution
K1 K3 K4 K5 T2 U1 U3

[FZ]

Dipsacaceae, Margaret J. and J. F. M. Cannon. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb up to 1·5 m., with erect branched stems, heterophyllous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves of non–flowering rosettes and basal stem leaves ovate–lanceolate, obovate or lanceolate, simple, lyrate or pinnatifid, upper stem leaves 1–2 pinnatifid or pinnatisect, the segments lanceolate to linear, the terminal segment larger than the lateral, hispid or pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flower heads on long peduncles, globular or hemispherical (2–)2·5–3·5(–4) cm. in diameter.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Receptacle bracts linear, acute 3–5 mm. long. Involucral bracts linear lanceolate, acute, shorter than or equalling the marginal flowers, pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracteoles
Involucel tube cylindrical, 8–furrowed, pubescent, 2–3·5 mm. long in fruit.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corona
Corona glabrous, membranaceous, conspicuously veined, 0·5–1·5 mm.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx pilose, cupuliform, bearing 5 setae, 1–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla mauve or white, or the tube white and lip mauve, 5–lobed with 3 larger and 2 smaller lobes, larger and more irregularly lobed in the marginal flowers.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Mature fruit 2–4 mm. long, corona and calyx persistent.

Native to:

Albania, Algeria, Angola, Austria, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cameroon, Central European Rus, Congo, Corse, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, Eritrea, Ethiopia, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iran, Italy, Kenya, Krym, Lebanon-Syria, Morocco, Netherlands, North Caucasus, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Saudi Arabia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tanzania, Transcaucasus, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uganda, Ukraine, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, Ohio

Scabiosa columbaria L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Tenore [s.n.], Italy K000779051 Yes
Tenore [s.n.] K000779049 Yes
Porta [678], Italy K000779045 Yes
Porta [548], Italy K000779048 Yes
Porta [678], Italy K000779046 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Italy K000779050 Yes
Porta [470], Italy K000779047 Yes
Piotrowski, K. [953], Poland K000779043 Yes
Timbal-Lagrave, P.M.É. [2492], France K000779044 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 99 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1983). Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 1-394. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Napper, D.M. (1968). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dipsacaceae: 1-11.
  • Retief, E. & Meyer, N.L. (2017). Plants of the Free State inventory and identification guide Strelitzia 38: 1-1236. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Collenette, S. (1999). Wildflowers of Saudi Arabia: 1-799. National commission for wildlife conservation and development (NCWCD), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
  • Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1972). Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 4: 1-657. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
  • Dimopoulos, P., Raus, T., Bergmeier, E., Constantinidis, T., Iatrou, G., Kokkini, S., Strid, A., & Tzanoudakis, D. (2013). Vascular plants of Greece. An annotated checklist: 1-372. Botanic gardens and botanical museum Berlin-Dahlem, Berlin and Hellenic botanical society, Athens.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2011). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 3: 1-449. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Edwards, S. & Nemomissa, S. (eds.) (2003). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 4(1): 1-352. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Schischkin, B.K. & al. (eds.) (1954). Flora Turkmenii 6: 1-402. Turkmenskoe gosudarstvennoe izd., Ashkhabad.
  • Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) in Takhtajan, A.L. (ed.) (2012). Konspekt Flora Kavkaza 3(2): 1-623. Editio Universitatis Petropolitanae.
  • Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1976). Flora Europaea 4: 1-505. Cambridge University Press.
  • USDA, NRCS ( 2021-continuously updated). Natural Resources Conservation Services Plant Database http://plants.usda.gov/cgi_bin/topics.cgi?earl=checklist.html.
  • Werier, D. (2017). Catalogue of the Vascular plants of New York state Memoirs of the Torrey Botanical Club 27: 1-542.
  • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A. Rich., Tent. Fl. Abyss. 1: 368 (1847).
  • Coulter in DC. Prodr. 4: 658 (1830).
  • Coulter, Mem. Dips.: 38 (1823)
  • Cufod., Enumeratio Plantarum Aethiopiae Spermatophyta (Supplement in Bull. Jard. Bot. Brux.) p. 1030 (1965).
  • Engl. in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 396 (1895).
  • Engl., Hochgeb. Trop. Afr.: 404 (1892).
  • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 252 (1877).
  • Hiern, Cat. Welw. Afr. Pl. 1: 518 (1898).
  • L., Sp. Pl.: 99 (1753).
  • O. Hedberg, Afroalpine Vascular Plants p. 184 (1957).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

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