Genus:
Monotes A.DC.

Monotes africanus A.DC.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

[FTEA]

Dipterocarpaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1989

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree 3–9(–15) m. tall; crown flattish or spreading and rounded, branchlets grey or brown, glabrous; bark dark grey, slightly reticulately fissured or ± rough and longitudinally fissured.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-blades oblong or ovate-oblong to broadly elliptic or ± obovate, 5–11 cm. long, 1.4–7 cm. wide, obtuse to emarginate at the apex, rounded or almost cuneate to slightly cordate at the base, the upper surface finely reticulate, glabrous except for midrib and lateral nerves, or sometimes viscid from numerous minute yellow glands, concolorous, the lower surface with minute curled and straight hairs on the nerves and reticulation, which is typically much less conspicuous than in other species; areoles usually glabrous but often viscid-looking; petioles 0.7–1.7 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences axillary, lax or ± condensed, 1.5–3(–7) cm. long, few-flowered, fulvous-tomentose; peduncle 1.5–3 cm. long; pedicels 3–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals ovate, 2–3.5 mm. long, 3 mm. wide, densely woolly-rufous-tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals brownish white, orange with yellowish basal part or greenish cream with red base, linear-oblong, 8–10 mm. long, 2–2.5 mm. wide, densely greyish subsericeous-tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers with connectives produced into an emarginate or triangular lobe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1–1.5 cm. diameter or conical, ± 1.5 × 0.9 cm., silky adpressed puberulous and with longer hairs; wings yellowish or brownish, often tinged red, elliptic to obovate, 2.5–4.5 cm. long, 0.75 cm. wide.
Habitat
Brachystegia-Uapaca, etc., woodland, sometimes in wetter valley bottoms; 350–1800 m.
Distribution
T4 T5 T6 T7 T8

[FZ]

Dipterocarpaceae, P. Duvigneaud. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree up to 8 m. high; branchlets greyish or brownish, glabrous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaf-lamina 5–10 × 2·5–5·5 cm., elliptic to oblong or obovate, obtuse to emarginate at the apex, rounded to slightly cordate at the base; upper surface finely reticulate, typically bullate in the angles made by the lateral nerves and midrib (with a corresponding depression on the lower face), glabrous except sometimes for the midrib and lateral nerves, viscid from numerous punctiform yellow glands; lower surface concolorous, puberulous with very minute curled or coiled meso-pachydermatous hairs mixed with some straight ones on the nerves and reticulation, the interreticular areoles generally glabrous; midrib and lateral nerves slightly depressed above and prominent beneath; lateral nerves in 8–13 pairs (with a strong tendency to the formation of short subsidiaries), nearly straight but incurved at the apex without reaching the margin of the leaf; veins and reticulation not very prominent but quite conspicuous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescences 1·5–3 cm. long, axillary, ± condensed or lax, few-flowered, fulvous-tomentellous; peduncle 1 -5–3 cm. long, slender; pedicels 3–8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2 mm. long, densely woolly-rufous-tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 8 mm. long, densely greyish-subsericeous-tomentose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens with anthers produced into a large emarginate or triangular lobe.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 1–1·5 cm. in diam., subglobose, rounded to conical at the apex, sericeous; wings 2·5–3·5 × 1·2–1·6 cm., yellowish or brownish, elliptic to obovate.

Native to:

Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre

Monotes africanus A.DC. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mar 23, 1986 Goetze, W. [501] K000240366 Yes
Timberlake, J. [4904], Mozambique K000545254 No
Timberlake, J. [4946], Mozambique K000545296 No

First published in A.P.de Candolle, Prodr. 16(2): 624 (1868)

Accepted by

  • Exell, A.W. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1961). Flora Zambesiaca 1(2): 337-581. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Verdcourt, B. (1989). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Dipterocarpaceae: 1-10.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Abreu, J.A. & Figueira, R. (2013). Revision of the family Dipterocarpaceae in Angola Blumea 57: 263-274.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • A DC. in DC., Prodr. 16(2): 624 (July 1868).
  • Duvign. in Flora Zambesiaca 1: 415 (1961).
  • Duvign. in Lejeunea 13: 42 (1951).
  • Exell & Mendonça, Consp. Fl. Angol. 1 (2) (Adenda e Corrigenda): 371 (1951).
  • Exell in Journal of Botany 65, Suppl. Polypet.: 31 (1927).
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 262 (1962).
  • Gilg in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 28: 137 (1899)
  • H. Bancr. in Bol. Soc. Brot, sér. 2, 13: 372 (1939).
  • H. Bancr. in Consp. Fl. Angol. 1: 136 (1937)
  • Hiern, Cat. Afr. Pl. Welw. 1: 61 (1896).
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 183 (1949).
  • Milne-Redh. in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 222 (1953).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 26 (1980).

  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0