Genus:
Plantago L.

Plantago lanceolata L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Macaronesia, N. Africa to Mauritania, Temp. Eurasia. It is used as animal food and a medicine and for food.

[FZ]

Plantaginaceae, G. Lehmann. Flora Zambesiaca 9:1. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, extremely variable, glabrous, pubescent or more rarely densely pilose, growing from a more or less erect stout short rhizome; roots terete, 0.1–0.75 mm. in diam.; stem sericeous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves in a basal rosette, spirally arranged, petiolate, rarely sessile.
Morphology Leaves Leaf lamina
Lamina (2) 8–25 (45) × 0.5–3.5 (8) cm., linear-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or spathulate, gradually narrowed into the petiole, entire or revolutely and shallowly dentate (3) 5 (7) veined, glabrous, appressed-pubescent or villous, apex acute or acuminate; petiole 2–21 cm. or longer, caulicate, flexible, glabrous or rarely pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Scape
Scape erect or ascending (4) 10–80 (120) cm. long, 1–3 mm. in diam. 5-sulcate, more or less densely appressed pilose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spicate; spikes cylindric to globose, (0.3) 0.5–5 (10) cm. long, 0.5–1.0 mm. in diam., very dense.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Bracts
Bracts 2.5–3.5 mm. long, ovate-acuminate, glabrous or shortly hairy; midrib distinct, brownish.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2.5–3.5 mm. long, the anteriors adnante for most of their length but their midrib separate, ovate, apex slightly retuse, lateral sepals free, ovate, keeled often shortly hairy, usually ciliate along the keel above.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens exserted, anthers white with a yellow tinge.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ellipsoid to globose; pistil about twice as long as the flower, hairy, usually 2-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid, 3–4 mm. long, seeds 2 (2.5) mm. long, oblong in outline, blackish dorsally convex, ventrally concave.

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 1590–1590 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Bogotá DC, Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, native grassland, artificial - terrestrial.

[FIQ]

Ghazanfar, S. A. & Edmondson, J. R (Eds). (2014) Flora of Iraq, Volume 5 Part 2: Lythraceae to Campanulaceae.

Morphology General Habit
Perennial herb, acaulous, to 60 cm, glabrous to pilose or hirsute-lanate
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate in a basal rosette, lanceolate to lanceolate-oblong, 5–35 × 0.5–5 cm, usually petiolate, acute, margins entire to minutely dentate, 3–5-veined, glabrous
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences Peduncles
Peduncles (15–)25–50(–100) cm, usually erect, sometimes arcuate-ascending until becoming erect, longer than leaves, tough, grooved, angled
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Spike 1–8 cm, globose to cylindrical, dense, not woolly; bract as long as or somewhat longer than calyx, broadly ovate to ovate-lanceolate, usually glabrous to glabrescent, sometimes hirsute or villous in the lower flowers of the spike, scarious except midrib, acute to long-acuminate or caudate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 3–4 mm, scarious except midrib, obtuse, glabrous except apex which is shortly ciliate, or villous at midrib, the two anterior sepals united to form a two-midribbed lobe, the two posterior sepals normal-Corolla glabrous, lobes ovate-lanceolate, acute or shortly acuminate
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule 2-seeded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed ovoid, smooth.
Ecology
In silty and clay soils, wet margins of shallow seepages from irrigation channels and irrigated cultivations, shady orchards, marshy areas, alluvial plains of rivers, along roadsides and mountain slopes, and shady limestone slopes in forest (in northern Iraq); alt.: 40–1700 m
Phenology
Flowering and fruiting: Mar.–Aug.
Distribution
Frequent in the Mountain Regions and Upper Plains and Foothill Regions, less frequent in the Central Alluvial Plain Districts and in the Marsh District and in Basra. Europe to W Siberia and C Asia, Cyprus, Egypt, Sudan, Syria to Kuwait, Iran, India, naturalized in N America.
Note
Several infraspecific taxa were recognized in the original manuscript, but I have found it difficult to maintain these as the differences are small and there are many specimens which show characters that are intermediate between taxa. A very variable species with a wide distribution range.
Vernacular
RIKESHA,ZIBAD, IDHAN AS SAKHAILAH (recorded by Blakelock, loc.cit.).

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Adventicia en Colombia; Alt. 1590 m.; Andes.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
llantén

[FTEA]

Plantaginaceae, B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
An extremely variable glabrous, pubescent or more rarely densely pilose perennial herb from a ± erect, thick, short rhizome; stem silky hairy.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves borne in a rosette, spirally arranged; blade linear-lanceolate, ovate-lanceolate or spathulate, (2-)10-15(-45) cm. long, 0.7-3(-8) cm. wide, acute or acuminate at the apex, usually entire or somewhat toothed, 3-5(-7)-veined, mostly gradually narrowed into a petiole usually equalling the blade in length but occasionally much shorter or much longer.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Inflorescence spicate, the spikes cylindric to globose, (0.3-)0.5-3.5(-10) cm. long; peduncles 5-120 cm. long, mostly furrowed and silky; bracts ovate-acuminate, 4-7 mm. long, dark blackish-green, with scarious points.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals rounded-ovate, 3-3.5 mm. long, glabrous or hairy on the margins or keels, the lower pair joined to form an obovate, ± bilobed 2-keeled organ.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla brownish-white, 3 mm. long; lobes narrowly ovate or ovate, 2-2.5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens Anthers
Anthers mostly white.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ellipsoid, 3-6 mm. long, 1-2-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds yellow-brown to dark brown, shining, oblong-ellipsoid, 2.5-3 mm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, dorsal side convex, ventral side concave; hilum dark.
Figures
Fig. 1/7-9, p. 3.
Habitat
Roadsides in wooded and open grassland; 1500-2400 m.
Distribution
K3 T3 ranging naturally throughout Europe and Asia, but now naturalized throughout most of the world.

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.

[FIQ]
Use
A spring and summer fodder plant eaten by all animals; used as poultice for humans.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Austria, Azores, Baleares, Baltic States, Belarus, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canary Is., Central European Rus, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Corse, Cyprus, Czechoslovakia, Denmark, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Finland, France, Føroyar, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Kirgizstan, Kriti, Krym, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Libya, Madeira, Manchuria, Mauritania, Mongolia, Morocco, Nepal, Netherlands, North Caucasus, North European Russi, Northwest European R, Norway, Pakistan, Palestine, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Sardegna, Saudi Arabia, Sicilia, South European Russi, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, West Himalaya, West Siberia, Xinjiang, Yemen, Yugoslavia

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alaska, Altay, Amsterdam-St.Paul Is, Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Ascension, Bahamas, Bermuda, Bolivia, Botswana, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, British Columbia, California, Cape Provinces, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cook Is., Costa Rica, Crozet Is., Cuba, Delaware, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Easter Is., Ecuador, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Falkland Is., Florida, Free State, French Guiana, Gabon, Georgia, Greenland, Haiti, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Jamaica, Japan, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kentucky, Kenya, Kerguelen, Khabarovsk, Korea, Krasnoyarsk, Kuril Is., KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Louisiana, Magadan, Maine, Malawi, Marion-Prince Edward, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Namibia, Nebraska, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, Newfoundland, Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Pennsylvania, Peru, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Québec, Rhode I., Rwanda, Sakhalin, Society Is., South Carolina, South Dakota, Sri Lanka, St.Helena, Sudan, Tanzania, Tennessee, Texas, Tonga, Tristan da Cunha, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Uruguay, Utah, Venezuela, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

English
Ribwort Plantain

Plantago lanceolata L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Sep 5, 1904 Lowe, R. T. [88], Canary Is. K000243836 Yes
Omerod, J., United Kingdom 17444.000 No
Selby, A., United Kingdom 3656.000 No
Schimper [143] K000243831 Yes
Lowe, R. T. [37], Madeira K000243835 Yes
Clements [s.n.], Turkey K000779635 Yes
s.coll. [7223], Romania K000779593 Yes
Day, C.D. [886], Turkey K000341714 No
Cope, T.A. [RBG 51], United Kingdom K000914357 Yes
Boissier. [s.n.], Spain K000779595 Yes
Couto, C. [109], Angola K001008381 Yes
Sendulsky, T. [1165], Brazil K001048636 Yes
Sendulsky, T. [1165], Brazil K001048635 Yes
Lindeman, J.C. [2667], Brazil K001048634 Yes
Kerner, A. [1427], Austria K000779594 Yes
Glaziou [15323], Brazil K001048633 Yes
Barbosa, G. [9411], Angola K001008380 Yes
Tenore [s.n.], Italy K000779596 Yes
s.coll. [s.n.], Turkey K000779636 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 113 (1753)

Accepted by

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Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Flora of Iraq

  • Blakelock in Kew Bull. 3: 441 (1950);
  • Boiss., Fl. Orient. 4: 881 (1879);
  • Boulos, Fl. Egypt 3: 116 (2002).
  • Chalabi Ka’bi in Bull. Iraq Nat. Hist. Mus. 1 (2): 6 (1961);
  • Collenette, Wildflow. Saudi Ariabia: 603 (1999);
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  • pl. 376 (1977);

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Abdulina, S.A. (1999). Spisok Sosudistykn Rastenii Kazakhstana: 1-187. Academy of Sciences, Almaty, Kazakhstan.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ackerfield, J. (2015). Flora of Colorado: 1-818. BRIT Press.
  • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.
  • Authier, P. & Covillot, J. (2011). Catalogue actualisé des plantes de l'île de Rhodes (Grèce) Saussurea; Travaux de la Société Botanique de Genève 41: 131-170.
  • Bailey, C. & al. (2015). Guide to the Vascular Plants of Tennessee: 1-813. University of Tennessee press.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
  • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • Britton, N. (1918). Flora of Bermuda: 1-585. Charles Scribner's Sons, New York.
  • Broughton, D.A. & McAdam, J.H. (2002). The non-native vascular flora of the Falkland islands Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190.
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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

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