Family:
Fabaceae Lindl.
Genus:
Crotalaria L.

Crotalaria juncea L.

This species is accepted, and its native range is Afghanistan to Indo-China. It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

[FTEA]

Leguminosae, J. B. Gillett, R. M. Polhill & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1971

Morphology General Habit
Erect laxly branched annual, up to 1·6 m. tall.
Morphology Stem
Stem ribbed, appressed pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple; blade oblong-lanceolate, up to 75–130 mm. long, 14–22 mm. wide, narrowed to the rounded apex, thinly appressed pilose above, more conspicuously so beneath; petiole 3–5 mm. long.
Morphology Leaves Stipules
Stipules filiform, ± 2 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes lax, up to 10–25 cm. long, ± 8–20-flowered; bracts elliptic, acuminate, 3–5 mm. long; bracteoles inserted at the base of the calyx, linear, 2–5 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx slightly 2-lipped, 16–20 mm. long, brownish tomentellous, with other longer hairs interspersed; upper lobes narrowly attenuate oblong, up to 3–4 times as long as the tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard elliptic to suborbicular, bright yellow, faintly reddish marked, with scattered hairs outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel abruptly rounded in the lower quarter, with a long slightly incurved twisted beak, 17–20 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod subsessile, cylindrical, up to 32–55 mm. long, 12–17 mm. across, tomentose with mostly short spreading hairs, ± 6-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds oblique-cordiform, with the narrow end strongly incurved, up to 6 mm. long, smooth to papillose around the hilum, very dark brown to black.
Habitat
Deciduous bushland and grassland, persisting as a weed of fallow fields; 0–1250 m.
Distribution
K7 T2 T8 pantropical crop plant, locally naturalized

[ILDIS]

International Legume Database and Information Service

Ecology
Africa: Cultivated
Morphology General Habit
Annual/Perennial, Not climbing, Herb/Shrub
Vernacular
Cascavelle, Grand Sonnette, Grand Tcha-tcha, Hana, Krotalyariya Sitnikovaya, Sannai, Sonnette, Sunn, Sunn Crotalaria, Sunn Hemp, Sunnhemp, Tcha-tcha

[UNAL]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
cascabel, cascabelito, crotalaria, maraquitas

[UPFC]
Distribution
Biogeografic region: Andean. Elevation range: 50–2000 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Antioquia, Caldas, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb, Subshrub.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, shrubland, artificial - terrestrial.

[FZ]

Leguminosae, various authors. Flora Zambesiaca 3:7. 2003

Morphology General Habit
Erect laxly branched annual, up to 1.5(3) m tall; stem ribbed, appressed pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves simple; blade 6–15 × 0.5–3 cm, oblong-lanceolate, finely appressed pubescent on both surfaces, more conspicuously so beneath; petiole 3–5 mm long; stipules 1–2 mm long, filiform.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Racemes 10–50 cm long, laxly 6–20-flowered; bracts 3–5 mm long, elliptic, acuminate; bracteoles at base of the calyx, 2–5 mm long, linear.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 1.6–2 cm long, slightly 2-lipped, brownish tomentellous, with longer hairs interspersed; upper lobes narrowly attenuate-triangular, up to 3–4 times as long as the tube.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Standard elliptic to subcircular, bright yellow, faintly reddish marked or tinged, with scattered hairs outside; wings a little shorter than the keel; keel 1.7–2.2 cm long, subangular, with a long slightly incurved twisted beak.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Pod subsessile, 3–5.5 × 1.2–1.7 cm, cylindrical, velvety tomentose, 6–12-seeded.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 6–7 mm long, oblique-cordiform, with the radicular lobe strongly incurved, smooth to papillose around the hilum, dark brown to black.

[CPLC]

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 50 - 2000 m.; Andes, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba, subarbusto
Conservation
No Evaluada

[ILDIS]
Use
Chemical products, Environmental, Fibre, Food and Drink, Forage, Medicine, Miscellaneous, Toxins, Wood

[UPFC]
Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.

Native to:

Afghanistan, Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, East Himalaya, India, Laos, Myanmar, Pakistan, Thailand, Vietnam, West Himalaya

Introduced into:

Andaman Is., Angola, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Burkina, Caroline Is., Cayman Is., China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Colombia, Cuba, Dominican Republic, Ethiopia, Fiji, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Iraq, Jamaica, Jawa, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Leeward Is., Lesser Sunda Is., Libya, Madagascar, Malawi, Malaya, Maluku, Mauritius, Mozambique, Nepal, New Guinea, New South Wales, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Northern Territory, Paraguay, Philippines, Puerto Rico, Queensland, Réunion, Senegal, Sri Lanka, Sudan, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Taiwan, Tanzania, Togo, Transcaucasus, Trinidad-Tobago, Uganda, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Venezuela, Western Australia, Windward Is., Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Crotalaria juncea L. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000217169 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5409] K001120814 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5409] K001120815 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5409] K001120818 Yes
Mueller, F. von [s.n.], Australia K000217167 Yes
Wallich [H.9.5363], Burma K000591133 Yes
leg. ign. [133], Australia K000217168 Yes
Wallich [H.9.5363], Burma K000591132 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5409] K001120816 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5409] K001120817 Yes
Colombia K001474011 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5363], Myanmar Crotalaria porrecta K001120678 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5363] Crotalaria porrecta K001120680 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 5363], Myanmar Crotalaria porrecta K001120679 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5395] Crotalaria benghalensis K001120772 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5368] Crotalaria tenuifolia K001120704 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5368] Crotalaria tenuifolia K001120705 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 5368] Crotalaria tenuifolia K001120703 Yes

First published in Sp. Pl.: 714 (1753)

Accepted by

  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Ansari, A.A. & Chauhan, V. (2020). Crotalaria L. in India: A supplement: 1-152. M/S Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh.
  • Avendaño, N. (2011). Revisión taxonómica del género Crotalaria L. (Faboideae-Crotalarieae) en Venezuela. Acta botanica Venezuelica 34: 13-78.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Balkrishna, A. (2018). Flora of Morni Hills (Research & Possibilities): 1-581. Divya Yoga Mandir Trust.
  • Balslav, H. & Chantaranothai, P. (2018). Flora of Thailand 4(3.1): 221-371. The Forest Herbarium, Royal Forest Department.
  • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dy Phon, P. (2000). Dictionnaire des plantes utilisées au Cambodge: 1-915. Chez l'auteur, Phnom Penh, Cambodia.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a check-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. (1989). Legumes of Africa a check-List: 1-619. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Nelson Sutherland, C.H. (2008). Catálogo de las plantes vasculares de Honduras. Espermatofitas: 1-1576. SERNA/Guaymuras, Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
  • Ninkaew, S. & al. (2017). Crotalaria L. (Fabaceae: Faboideae) in continental Southeast Asia. Phytotaxa 320: 1-74.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II. Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Silva Flores, A. & De Azevedo Tozzi, A.M.G. (2018). A synopsis of the genus Crotalaria (Leguminosae) in Brazil. Phytotaxa 346: 31-58.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso. Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni). Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.

Literature

Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • (2020). https://www.jstor.org/stable/26958715. epublication.
  • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
  • Baksh-Comeau, Y., Maharaj, S.S., Adams, C.D., Harris, S.A., Filer, D.L. & Hawthorne, W.D. (2016). An annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Trinidad and Tobago with analysis of vegetation types and botanical 'hotspots'. Phytotaxa 250: 1-431.
  • Berhaut, J. (1976). Flore illustrée du Sénégal 5: 1-658. Gouvernement du Sénégal, Ministère du développement rural direction des eaux et forêta, Dakar.
  • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2012). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 4: 1-431. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Du Puy, D.J., Labat, N.-N., Rabevohitra, R., Villiers, J.-F., Bosser, J. & Moat, J. (2002). The Leguminosae of Madagascar: 1-737. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola. Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Forzza, R.C., Zappi, D. & Souza, V.C. (2016-continuously updated). Flora do Brasil 2020 em construção http://reflora.jbrj.gov.br/reflora/listaBrasil/ConsultaPublicaUC/ResultadoDaConsultaNovaConsulta.do.
  • Fosberg, F.R., Sachet, M.-H., Oliver, R. (1979). A geographical checklist of the Micronesian Dicotyledonae. Micronesica; Journal of the College of Guam 15: 41-295.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist. Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., Ortiz, R.D.C., Callejas Posada, R. & Merello, M. (eds.) (2011). Flora de Antioquia: Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares 2: 1-939. Universidad de Antioquia, Medellín.
  • Kumar, S. & Sane, P.V. (2003). Legumes of South Asia. A Checklist: 1-536. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lepschi, B. & Monro, A. (Project Coordinators) (2014). Australian Plant Census (APC) Council of Heads of Australian Herbaria. http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/index.html.
  • Lock, J.M. & Ford, C.S. (2004). Legumes of Malesia a Check-List: 1-295. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lock, J.M. & Heald, J. (1994). Legumes of Indo-China a check-list: 1-164. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Polhill, R.M. (1990). Flore des Mascareignes 80: 1-235. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
  • Pope, G.V., Polhill, R.N. & Martins, E.S. (eds.) (2003). Flora Zambesiaca 3(7): 1-274. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Rechinger, K.H. & al. (1984). Papilionaceae II. Flora Iranica 157: 1-499. Naturhistorisches Museums Wien.
  • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso. Boissiera 65: 1-391.
  • Townsend, C.C. (1974). Flora of Iraq 3: 1-662. Ministry of Agriculture & Agrarian Reform, Baghdad.
  • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 10: 1-642. Science Press (Beijing) & Missouri Botanical Garden Press (St. Louis).
  • Yakovlev, G.P., Sytin, A.K. & Roskov, Y.R. (1996). Legumes of Northern Eurasia. A checklist: 1-724. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur. Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
  • de la Estrella, M., Cabezas, F.J., Aedo, C. & Velayos, M. (2010). The Papilionoideae (Leguminosae) of Equatorial Guinea (Annobón, Bioko and Río Muni). Folia Geobotanica 45: 1-57.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

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  • Art and Illustrations in Digifolia

    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

  • Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible

    ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
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  • Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora Zambesiaca
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  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
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  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

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  • International Legume Database and Information Service

    International Legume Database and Information Service (ILDIS) V10.39 Nov 2011
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

  • Kew Science Photographs

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    ColPlantA database
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