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This species is accepted, and its native range is Kenya to S. Africa, Comoros, Madagascar.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FZ]

Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Much–branched evergreen shrub or small tree up to 25 m. high.
Morphology General Shoots
Young shoots and inflorescences protected by (4) 6–8 bud–scales.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subcoriaceous, drying pale brown above; lamina 1·3 x 0·6–3·6 x 2 cm., very variable, suborbicular, elliptic, lanceolate–elliptic, ovate–elliptic or ovate, apex obtuse or subacute; lower surface glabrous, but margin with a few ciliolate hairs; secondary nerves in 3–5 pairs, darker than the lamina, tertiary nerves and veins indistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers solitary or in 2–4–flowered cymes in axils of leaves or of fallen leaves on second–year branchlets; pedicels c. 0·1 cm. long, almost glabrous. Female flowers solitary, similar to male.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx truncate or denticulate, 0·2–0·3 cm. long, usually glabrous except for the sparsely ciliate margin.
sex Male
Calyx truncate or denticulate, 0·2–0·3 cm. long, usually glabrous except for the sparsely ciliate margin. Male flowers solitary or in 2–4–flowered cymes in axils of leaves or of fallen leaves on second–year branchlets; pedicels c. 0·1 cm. long, almost glabrous. Pistillode absent. Corolla 0–5 cm. long, widely open at the throat, shortly strigulose — tomentellous outside except near the base, glabrous inside; lobes 3, broadly deltate, 0·25 cm. long. Stamens c. 16, exserted, 0·2–0·3 cm. long; filaments very short, glabrous, inserted at base of corolla–tube; anthers lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 0–5 cm. long, widely open at the throat, shortly strigulose — tomentellous outside except near the base, glabrous inside; lobes 3, broadly deltate, 0·25 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 16, exserted, 0·2–0·3 cm. long; filaments very short, glabrous, inserted at base of corolla–tube; anthers lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistillodes
Pistillode absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Staminodes
Staminodes 9, inserted half–way up the corolla–tube, 3 alternating with the lobes and 2 opposite each lobe, 0·15 cm. long, glabrous.
sex Female
Staminodes 9, inserted half–way up the corolla–tube, 3 alternating with the lobes and 2 opposite each lobe, 0·15 cm. long, glabrous. Ovary 0 .3 x 0·25 cm., ovoid–conoidal, glabrous; locules 3, 2–ovulate; styles 3, 0·15 cm. long, united in lower half, bifid at apex. Female flowers solitary, similar to male.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 0 .3 x 0·25 cm., ovoid–conoidal, glabrous; locules 3, 2–ovulate; styles 3, 0·15 cm. long, united in lower half, bifid at apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit 0·8 x 0·45 cm., obovoid–ellipsoid or ellipsoid, apiculate, surrounded at the base by the slightly accrescent calyx and looking like an acorn in its cupule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1, 0·7 x 0·3 x 0·3 cm., sub–ellipsoid.
Cytology
Chromosome number: 2n = 30.

[FTEA]

Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen several-stemmed shrub or small tree (2-)5-25 m. tall; young stems bristly pubescent; bark brown or grey, thin, smooth, peeling; young shoots and inflorescences protected by (4-)6-8 imbricate bud-scales.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves drying brown above, very variable, ± round, elliptic, lanceolate-elliptic, ovate-elliptic or ovate, (0.8-)1.3-5.5 cm. long, (0.3-)0.6-2.4 cm. wide, obtuse or subacute at the apex, cuneate or ± rounded at the base, subcoriaceous, glabrous below save for slightly ciliate margins; secondary nerves in 3-5 pairs; tertiary nerves and veins indistinct; petioles 2-3 mm. long, spreading bristly pubescent.
sex Male
Male flowers solitary or in 2-4-flowered cymes in the axils of the leaves or leaf-scars; pedicels ± 1 mm. long, glabrous; calyx 2-3 mm. long, truncate or denticulate, usually glabrous save for the sparsely ciliate margin; corolla white or creamy yellow, 5 mm. long, not constricted at the throat, shortly strigulose-tomentellous outside save near the base, glabrous inside; corolla-lobes 3, broadly triangular, 2.5 mm. long; stamens ± 16, exserted, 2-3 mm. long with very short glabrous filaments; anthers pale brown, lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous; rudimentary ovary absent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers solitary, similar to the male; staminodes 9, inserted at middle of corolla-tube, 3 alternating with the corolla-lobes and 3 pairs opposite to the corolla-lobes, 1.5 mm. long, glabrous; ovary ovoid-conic, 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; styles 3, 1.5 mm. long, joined for the basal half, bifid at the apex. Male flowers solitary or in 2-4-flowered cymes in the axils of the leaves or leaf-scars; pedicels ± 1 mm. long, glabrous; calyx 2-3 mm. long, truncate or denticulate, usually glabrous save for the sparsely ciliate margin; corolla white or creamy yellow, 5 mm. long, not constricted at the throat, shortly strigulose-tomentellous outside save near the base, glabrous inside; corolla-lobes 3, broadly triangular, 2.5 mm. long; stamens ± 16, exserted, 2-3 mm. long with very short glabrous filaments; anthers pale brown, lanceolate, apiculate, glabrous; rudimentary ovary absent.
sex Female
Female flowers solitary, similar to the male; staminodes 9, inserted at middle of corolla-tube, 3 alternating with the corolla-lobes and 3 pairs opposite to the corolla-lobes, 1.5 mm. long, glabrous; ovary ovoid-conic, 3 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous; styles 3, 1.5 mm. long, joined for the basal half, bifid at the apex.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruits yellow, orange-yellow or red, obovoid-ellipsoid to ellipsoid, 6-8 mm. long, 4.5 mm. wide, apiculate, encircled at the base by the slightly accrescent calyx, resembling an acorn in its cupule.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seed 1, subellipsoid, 7 mm. long, 3 mm. wide and thick.
Figures
Fig. 2/2.
Habitat
Moist semi-deciduous forest, Milicia-Antiaris etc., Juniperus procera upland forest, dry evergreen forest, also riparian and lakeside forest and thicket; 0-1950 m.
Distribution
Zaire (N. Shaba), Zambia, Zimbabwe, Malawi, Mozambique south to E. Cape Province, Madagascar K4 K7 T3 T4 T6 U1 U2

Native to:

Cape Provinces, Comoros, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Madagascar, Malawi, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

Diospyros natalensis (Harv.) Brenan appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Aug 1, 1954 Dawe [524], Mozambique K000350763 syntype
Eyles, F. [3414], Zimbabwe K000350766 Unknown type material
Gerrard, W.T. [110], South Africa K000350845
unknown [675], South Africa K000350847 Unknown type material
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614748
Cooper, T. [2695], South Africa K000350846
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614753
Timberlake, J. [s.n.], Malawi K000614787

First published in Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 8: 500 (1954)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.
  • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Barthelat, F. (2019). La flore illustrée de Mayotte: 1-687. Biotope éditions.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Beentje, Kenya Trees, Shrubs and Lianas p. 447 (1994).
  • Brenan in Mem. N.Y. Bot. Gard. 8: 500 (1954).
  • Dale & Greenway, Kenya Trees and Shrubs p. 175 (1961).
  • De Winter in Flora of Southern Africa 26: 58, t. 9/1 (1963).
  • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin botanique National de Belgique 58: 343-351 & 432-435 (1988).
  • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 254, t. 55B (1983)
  • F. White in Flore d'Afrique Centrale, Ebenaceae: 10, t. 1H-M (1987)
  • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 324, fig. 58A (1962).
  • K. Coates Palgrave, Trees Southern Afr.: 748, fig. 246 (1977).
  • Palmer & Pitman, Trees Southern Afr. 3: 1789, fig. & photo. on 1790 (1973).
  • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 31 (1980).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0