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This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to Mozambique.
A specimen from Kew's Herbarium

[FTEA]

Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Shrub or small tree (1-)2-18 m. tall; bark dark grey or black, closely and deeply fissured longitudinally; young branchlets, tomentellous or densely ferruginous pubescent.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves drying blackish brown above, distinctly paler, usually whitish beneath, ovate or ovate-oblong to lanceolate, 2.5-12.5 cm. long, 1.2-5.5(-7) cm. wide, subacute to shortly acuminate at the apex, rounded at the base, subcoriaceous, sometimes obscurely crenulate, ± shiny and slightly pubescent above particularly on the midrib, soon glabrous, lower surface adpressed sericeous-pilose, somewhat glabrescent except on nerves and epidermis glaucous due to dense minute papilla-like hairs; lateral nerves 5-7 pairs, prominent beneath but tertiary nerves and veins usually indistinct; petiole 3-7 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers in 3-7-flowered cymules, borne towards the base of the current year’ s growth in the axils of deciduous reduced leaves or the first-formed foliage leaves; peduncle 1-2 mm. long; pedicels 1-2 mm. long; calyx 2.5 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4, triangular, 1.5 mm. long; corolla white or yellowish white, ellipsoid or ovoid-ellipsoid in bud, 6 mm. long; corolla-lobes 4, 1 mm. long; stamens ± 12, inserted on the receptacle, included; anthers linear-lanceolate, apiculate, strigose; rudimentary ovary minute, tomentose. Female flowers usually solitary, rarely in 2-3-flowered cymules, in the axils of leaves or of bracts below the leaves; peduncle together with pedicel 0.3-1.2 cm. long; calyx 3-4 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4, broadly triangular, 2 mm. long; corolla urceolate, 7 mm. long, 3 mm. wide; corolla-lobes 4, under 1 mm. long; ovary 4 mm. long, 2.4 mm. wide; locules 4, uniovulate; style scarcely differentiated from the ovary, under 1 mm. long, bifid at the apex, the branches ending in 2 fleshy irregularly lobed stigmas.
sex Male
Male flowers in 3-7-flowered cymules, borne towards the base of the current year’ s growth in the axils of deciduous reduced leaves or the first-formed foliage leaves; peduncle 1-2 mm. long; pedicels 1-2 mm. long; calyx 2.5 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4, triangular, 1.5 mm. long; corolla white or yellowish white, ellipsoid or ovoid-ellipsoid in bud, 6 mm. long; corolla-lobes 4, 1 mm. long; stamens ± 12, inserted on the receptacle, included; anthers linear-lanceolate, apiculate, strigose; rudimentary ovary minute, tomentose.
sex Female
Female flowers usually solitary, rarely in 2-3-flowered cymules, in the axils of leaves or of bracts below the leaves; peduncle together with pedicel 0.3-1.2 cm. long; calyx 3-4 mm. long; calyx-lobes 4, broadly triangular, 2 mm. long; corolla urceolate, 7 mm. long, 3 mm. wide; corolla-lobes 4, under 1 mm. long; ovary 4 mm. long, 2.4 mm. wide; locules 4, uniovulate; style scarcely differentiated from the ovary, under 1 mm. long, bifid at the apex, the branches ending in 2 fleshy irregularly lobed stigmas.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit cream at first, orange then blackish, subglobose or broadly ellipsoid, 3-4.5 cm. long, 2-4 cm. wide, verrucose, densely rusty hairy at first, glabrescent, the calyx sometimes with reflected lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4 or fewer, blackish, oblong-trigonous, 1.8-2 cm. long, 0.8-1.2 cm. wide, 5 mm. thick; endosperm ruminate.
Figures
Fig. 3/24.
Habitat
Evergreen forest, coastal scrub and grassland; 100-600 m.
Distribution
T6 T8

[FZ]

Ebenaceae, F. White. Flora Zambesiaca 7:1. 1983

Morphology General Habit
Evergreen shrub or small tree usually less than 5 m. high, rarely up to 15 m.
Morphology General Bark
Bark blackish with close longitudinal fissures.
Morphology Branches
Young branchlets tomentellous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subcoriaceous, drying blackish–brown above, paler beneath; lamina up to 12·5 x 5·5 cm., ovate or ovate–oblong to lanceolate, apex subacute to shortly acuminate, base usually rounded; lower surface appressed sericeous–tomentose, somewhat glabres–cent except on nerves; lower epidermis glaucous, papillose; secondary nerves in 5–7 pairs, prominent beneath, tertiary nerves and veins usually indistinct.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens c. 12, included, inserted on receptacle; anthers linear–lanceolate, apiculate, strigose.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistillodes
Pistillode minute, tomentose.
sex Male
Pistillode minute, tomentose. Corolla 0·6 cm. long, ellipsoid or ovoid–ellipsoid in bud, lobes 4, c. 0·1 cm. long. Stamens c. 12, included, inserted on receptacle; anthers linear–lanceolate, apiculate, strigose. Male flowers in 3–7–flowered cymules, borne towards the base of the current year’s growth in the axils of caducous reduced leaves or the first formed foliage leaves; peduncle 0·1–0·2 cm. long; pedicels 0·1–0·2 cm. long. Calyx c. 0·25 cm. long, lobes 4, 0·15 cm. long, deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Female flowers usually solitary, rarely in 2–3–flowered cymules, in axils of leaves or of bracts below the leaves; peduncle (including pedicel) 0·3–1·2 cm. long. Male flowers in 3–7–flowered cymules, borne towards the base of the current year’s growth in the axils of caducous reduced leaves or the first formed foliage leaves; peduncle 0·1–0·2 cm. long; pedicels 0·1–0·2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx 0·3–0·4 cm. long, lobes 4, c. 0·2 cm. long, broadly debate. Calyx c. 0·25 cm. long, lobes 4, 0·15 cm. long, deltate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla urceolate, 0·7 x 0·3 cm., lobes 4, less than 0–1 cm. long. Corolla 0·6 cm. long, ellipsoid or ovoid–ellipsoid in bud, lobes 4, c. 0·1 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Ovary
Ovary 0·4 x 0·25 cm.; locules 4, uniovulate; style scarcely differentiated from ovary, less than 0·1 cm. long, bifid at apex, branches ending in 2 fleshy, irregularly lobed stigmata.
sex Female
Ovary 0·4 x 0·25 cm.; locules 4, uniovulate; style scarcely differentiated from ovary, less than 0·1 cm. long, bifid at apex, branches ending in 2 fleshy, irregularly lobed stigmata. Calyx 0·3–0·4 cm. long, lobes 4, c. 0·2 cm. long, broadly debate. Corolla urceolate, 0·7 x 0·3 cm., lobes 4, less than 0–1 cm. long. Female flowers usually solitary, rarely in 2–3–flowered cymules, in axils of leaves or of bracts below the leaves; peduncle (including pedicel) 0·3–1·2 cm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Fruit up to 4·5 x 4 cm., orange, subglobose or broadly ellipsoid, verrucose, especially when young, glabrescent. Fruiting calyx sometimes with reflexed lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds 4 or fewer, blackish, endosperm ruminate.

[FTEA]

Ebenaceae, F. White & B. Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

Morphology General Habit
Shrub 2 m. tall, with young branchlets fulvous-tomentellous.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves lanceolate, 12-14 cm. long, 4-5 cm. wide, long acuminate at the apex, acute at the base, glabrous and very shining above save for midrib, fulvous pubescent beneath, not very coriaceous; petiole 5-8 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Male flowers solitary in the axils of the upper leaves, known only as buds; buds 1.6-1.8 cm. long; calyx finely felty, campanulate, 4-lobed, 4-5 mm. long; calyx-lobes triangular, 2.5 mm. long, acute; corolla 4-lobed, covered with short yellow hairs; stamens 12; filaments 0.5 mm. long; anthers 2.5 mm. long, with a tuft of hair at the base.
sex Male
Male flowers solitary in the axils of the upper leaves, known only as buds; buds 1.6-1.8 cm. long; calyx finely felty, campanulate, 4-lobed, 4-5 mm. long; calyx-lobes triangular, 2.5 mm. long, acute; corolla 4-lobed, covered with short yellow hairs; stamens 12; filaments 0.5 mm. long; anthers 2.5 mm. long, with a tuft of hair at the base.
Habitat
Dry woodland; ± 250 m.

Native to:

Mozambique, Tanzania

Diospyros verrucosa Hiern appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Jan 1, 1987 Kirk, J. [s.n.], Tanzania K000350760 lectotype
Jan 1, 1987 Tanzania K000350761 syntype

First published in Trans. Cambridge Philos. Soc. 12: 167 (1873)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. (2000). World Checklist of Seed Plants Database in ACCESS D: 1-30141.

Literature

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • F. White in Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 58: 406 (1988).
  • F. White in Flora Zambesiaca 7(1): 284, t. 65A (1983)
  • Gürke in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 306 (1895).
  • Hiern in Flora of Tropical Africa 3: 519 (1877).
  • Hiern in Trans. Camb. Phil. Soc. 12: 167 (1873)
  • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 186 (1949).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0