Portulaca oleracea L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 445 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, Tropical Africa, Medit. to Pakistan and Arabian Peninsula. It is a Semisucculent annual and grows primarly in the Temperate biome(s). It is has environmental uses and social uses, as animal food, a poison and a medicine and for food.

Distribution

Native to:

Afghanistan, Albania, Aldabra, Algeria, Angola, Ascension, Benin, Burkina, Burundi, Cameroon, Canary Is., Central African Repu, Chad, Chagos Archipelago, Congo, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Greece, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Gulf States, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Kriti, Kuwait, Lebanon-Syria, Liberia, Madeira, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Nigeria, North Caucasus, Oman, Pakistan, Palestine, Saudi Arabia, Senegal, Seychelles, Sicilia, Sierra Leone, Sinai, Socotra, Somalia, St.Helena, Sudan, Transcaucasus, Tunisia, Turkey, Turkey-in-Europe, Yemen, Yugoslavia, Zaïre

Introduced into:

Alabama, Alberta, Altay, Amur, Andaman Is., Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Argentina South, Arizona, Arkansas, Aruba, Assam, Austria, Azores, Bahamas, Baleares, Bangladesh, Belarus, Belgium, Belize, Bermuda, Bolivia, Borneo, Botswana, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, British Columbia, Bulgaria, California, Cambodia, Cape Provinces, Cape Verde, Cayman Is., Central American Pac, Central European Rus, Chile Central, Chile North, Chile South, China North-Central, China South-Central, China Southeast, Christmas I., Cocos (Keeling) Is., Colombia, Colorado, Connecticut, Cook Is., Corse, Costa Rica, Cuba, Czechoslovakia, Delaware, Denmark, Desventurados Is., District of Columbia, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, East Aegean Is., East European Russia, East Himalaya, Easter Is., Ecuador, El Salvador, Fiji, Finland, Florida, France, Free State, French Guiana, Galápagos, Georgia, Germany, Great Britain, Guatemala, Guyana, Hainan, Haiti, Honduras, Howland-Baker Is., Hungary, Idaho, Illinois, India, Indiana, Inner Mongolia, Iowa, Jawa, Juan Fernández Is., Kamchatka, Kansas, Kazakhstan, Kazan-retto, Kentucky, Kirgizstan, Korea, Krym, KwaZulu-Natal, Laccadive Is., Laos, Leeward Is., Lesotho, Lesser Sunda Is., Line Is., Louisiana, Maine, Malawi, Malaya, Maldives, Maluku, Manchuria, Manitoba, Marquesas, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mauritius, Mexican Pacific Is., Mexico Central, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Northwest, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Mozambique, Mozambique Channel I, Myanmar, Namibia, Nauru, Nebraska, Nepal, Netherlands, Netherlands Antilles, Nevada, New Brunswick, New Caledonia, New Guinea, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, New Zealand North, Nicaragua, Nicobar Is., Niue, Norfolk Is., North Carolina, North Dakota, Northern Provinces, Nova Scotia, Ogasawara-shoto, Ohio, Oklahoma, Ontario, Oregon, Panamá, Paraguay, Pennsylvania, Philippines, Phoenix Is., Pitcairn Is., Poland, Portugal, Primorye, Prince Edward I., Puerto Rico, Qinghai, Queensland, Québec, Rhode I., Rodrigues, Romania, Rwanda, Réunion, Samoa, Sardegna, Saskatchewan, Society Is., Solomon Is., South Carolina, South China Sea, South Dakota, South European Russi, Southwest Caribbean, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sulawesi, Sumatera, Suriname, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Tadzhikistan, Taiwan, Tennessee, Texas, Tibet, Tokelau-Manihiki, Tonga, Trinidad-Tobago, Tuamotu, Tubuai Is., Turkmenistan, Turks-Caicos Is., Tuvalu, Ukraine, Uruguay, Utah, Uzbekistan, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Vermont, Vietnam, Virginia, Wallis-Futuna Is., Washington, West Himalaya, West Siberia, West Virginia, Western Australia, Windward Is., Wisconsin, Wyoming, Xinjiang, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Synonyms

Homotypic Synonyms

Accepted Infraspecifics

POWO follows these authorities in accepting this name:

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Flora of Somalia

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Flora of Tropical East Africa

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Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

  • Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R., & Celis, M. (eds.). (2020). Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia. v1.1. Universidad Nacional de Colombia. Dataset/Checklist. https://doi.org/10.15472/7avdhn
  • Burkill HM. (1995). The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols. 1-3. The useful plants of west tropical Africa, Vols 1-3.
  • Cámara-Leret, R., & Dennehy, Z. (2019). Information gaps in indigenous and local knowledge for science-policy assessments. Nature Sustainability 2:736-741.
  • Diazgranados et al. (2021). Catalogue of plants of Colombia. Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia project. In prep.
  • Diazgranados, M., Allkin, B., Black N., Cámara-Leret, R., Canteiro C., Carretero J., Eastwood R., Hargreaves S., Hudson A., Milliken W., Nesbitt, M., Ondo, I., Patmore, K., Pironon, S., Turner, R., Ulian, T. (2020). World Checklist of Useful Plant Species. Produced by the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Knowledge Network for Biocomplexity.
  • GBIF.org (2021). GBIF species matching tool. https://www.gbif.org/tools/species-lookup
  • GRIN (2021). Germplasm Resources Information Network from the United States Department of Agriculture. https://www.ars-grin.gov/
  • IUCN (2021). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2021-2. https://www.iucnredlist.org.
  • Instituto de Investigación de Recursos Biológicos Alexander von Humbodlt (2014). Plantas alimenticias y medicinales nativas de Colombia. 2567 registros, aportados por: Castellanos, C. (Contacto del recurso), Valderrama, N. (Creador del recurso, Autor), Bernal, Y. (Autor), García, N. (Autor). http://i2d.humboldt.org.co/ceiba/resource.do?r=ls_colombia_magnoliophyta_2014
  • Medicinal Plant Names Services (MPNS) v.10 (2021); http://mpns.kew.org/
  • PROTA (2021). Plants Resources of Tropical Africa. https://prota4u.org/database/
  • Plants for malaria, plants for fever: Medicinal species in Latin America, a bibliographic survey: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • RBG, Kew (2021). Kew Economic Botany Collection. https://ecbot.science.kew.org/
  • Ulian, T., Sacandé, M., Hudson, A., & Mattana, E. (2017). Conservation of indigenous plants to support community livelihoods: the MGU–Useful Plants Project. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management 60:668-683.
  • Willis, K.J. (ed.) (2017). State of the World’s Plants 2017. Report. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Other Data

Other Kew resources that provide information on this taxon:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status Has image?
Jan 1, 2008 X.I. [1326], Christmas I. K000224740 No
Sep 1, 2002 Cheek, M. [9643], Cameroon K000008459 No
Aug 1, 1891 Coppinger. [128] K000313628 Yes
Sep 4, 1889 Coppinger. [s.n.] K000313629 Unknown type material Yes
Faulkner, H. [2637], Tanzania 39367.000 No
Faulkner [1378], Tanzania 39375.000 No
Archbold, M.E. [440], Tanzania 39673.000 No
Milne-Redhead, E. [9745], Tanzania 39774.000 No
Collenette, J.S. [9184], Saudi Arabia 57997.000 No
Brunt, M.A. [440], Cameroon K000106383 No
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6841], India K001124959 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6841] K001124960 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6841] K001124956 Yes
s.coll. [Cat. no. 6841] K001124957 Yes
Moseley [s.n.], Brazil K001134141 Yes
Wright, C. [2501], Cuba K001035642 Yes
Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 6841], Nepal K001124958 Yes
Marde [1981], Jamaica K001035643 Yes
Godman, F.D. [s.n.] K001134142 Yes
Cope, T.A. [RBG 532], Great Britain K000914065 Yes

Sources

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    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
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    • ColPlantA 2021. Published on the Internet at http://colplanta.org
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
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    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2022. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2022 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0