Portulaca oleracea L.

First published in Sp. Pl.: 445 (1753)
This species is accepted
The native range of this species is Macaronesia, Tropical Africa, Medit. to Pakistan and Arabian Peninsula. It is a semisucculent annual and grows primarily in the temperate biome. It is used as animal food, a poison and a medicine, has environmental uses and social uses and for food.

Descriptions

Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

Distribution
Naturalizada en Colombia; Alt. 0 - 2550 m.; Amazonia, Andes, Guayana y Serranía de La Macarena, Islas Caribeñas, Llanura del Caribe, Orinoquia, Pacífico, Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Valle del Magdalena.
Morphology General Habit
Hierba
Conservation
No Evaluada
[CPLC]

M. Thulin et al. Flora of Somalia, Vol. 1-4 [updated 2008] https://plants.jstor.org/collection/FLOS

Morphology General Habit
Annual herb, stems usually spreading or prostrate, up to 30 cm long, often reddish
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate to subopposite, obovate/spathulate to ± oblong, up to 30 x 12 mm, base ± attenuate into obscure petiole, tip rounded; axils with a few inconspicuous hairs to 1 mm long, often soon lost
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers up to 5 together within involucre of leaf-like bracts and an inner whorl of triangular scales, often apparently lateral or in fork of branch because of overtopping by later growth
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2–4 mm long, fleshy, keeled or ± winged near tips
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals 5, dull yellow, 4–8 mm long, tip rounded
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 7–12
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Stigma
Stigma 3–6-lobed
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule ovoid to obovoid, splitting near or just below middle; lid hemispherical, usually with narrow, more strongly veined extension at tip which retains a few seeds within it
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, c. 1 mm long, glossy black with no metallic sheen; testa cells conspicuously stellate, dorsal cells usually with conspicuous ± swollen-tipped peg-like tubercles.
[FSOM]

Extinction risk predictions for the world's flowering plants to support their conservation (2024). Bachman, S.P., Brown, M.J.M., Leão, T.C.C., Lughadha, E.N., Walker, B.E. https://nph.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/nph.19592

Conservation
Predicted extinction risk: not threatened. Confidence: confident
[AERP]

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/164001/65924501

Conservation
LC - least concern
[IUCN]

George R. Proctor (2012). Flora of the Cayman Isands (Second Edition). Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew

Vernacular
PUSLEY, WILD PARSLEY
Morphology General Habit
Annual fleshy glabrous herb, prostrate and radiating from a taproot, or sometimes ascending or erect, the stems often reddish
Morphology Leaves
Leaves subopposite or sometimes alternate, subsessile, obovate or spatulate, up to about 30 mm long but usually less, the apex rounded or retuse.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers sessile; sepals broadly ovate, keeled, acute; petals 5, yellow, deeply notched at the apex, soon withering; stamens 6–12; stigmas 3–6
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule circumscissile at about the middle; seeds black, 0.7–0.8 mm in diameter, granulate.
Distribution
Cayman Islands. World-wide in distribution, occurring commonly in tropical and temperate regions of both hemispheres.
Ecology
A weed of sandy soil and open waste ground.
[Cayman]

Portulacaceae, Sylvia M. Phillips. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 2002

Morphology General Habit
Prostrate, much-branched, succulent annual forming a spreading mat, or infrequently ascending, stems and leaves green or flushed red.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate, subopposite on the branchlets, narrowly obovate to spatulate, 5–30 mm long, 3–10 mm wide, apex rounded, cuneate to a petiole 1–3 mm long; axillary hairs 0.6–1 mm long, inconspicuous, old stems glabrescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Inflorescences
Flowers in sessile clusters of 3–8 at the branch tips, encircled by several involucral leaves enclosing ovate-cuspidate scales, frequently overtopped by subsequent growth from the axils of the lower two involucral leaves, the flower-cluster thus seated in a fork, flowers opening in the morning.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Sepals (2.5–)3–4.5(–5.5) mm long, crested and winged along the midline upwards; petals 5, yellow (very rarely pale pink), 3–8 mm long, emarginate to bilobed; stamens 7–12; stigma 3–6-branched.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule dehiscing just below the middle, lid conical, chartaceous, constricted 2/3 up, the apical portion thinner, nipple-like and retaining 1 or more seeds above the constriction; seeds orbicular-reniform, 0.65–1 mm long, black, testa cells stellate, often also tuberculate and/or papillose.
Habitat
Open places in short grassland and bushland, and a weed of cultivations and disturbed places, especially on sandy soils; 0–2350 m
Distribution
a cosmopolitan weed of warm climates K1 K2 K3 K4 K6 K7 P T1 T2 T3 T4 T5 T6 T7
[FTEA]

Bernal, R., G. Galeano, A. Rodríguez, H. Sarmiento y M. Gutiérrez. 2017. Nombres Comunes de las Plantas de Colombia. http://www.biovirtual.unal.edu.co/nombrescomunes/

Vernacular
paliaría, verdolaga, yerbepollo
[UNAL]

Portulacaceae, H. Wild. Flora Zambesiaca 1:2. 1961

Morphology General Habit
Annual glabrous rather fleshy herb with numerous spreading or prostrate branches up to 30 cm. long and up to 5 mm. in diam.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves alternate and often somewhat crowded towards the ends of the branches, sessile or shortly stalked, up to 3·0 × 1·2 cm., obovate-spathulate, apex rounded or truncate; stipular hairs very few, inconspicuous, caducous, c. 1 mm. long.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers terminal, solitary or up to 5, surrounded by a cluster of subverticillate leaves; bracts membranous, c. 3 mm. long, ovate-acuminate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Sepals 2–4 mm. long, united below into a tube c. 2 mm. long, free portions fleshy, oblong-ovate, keeled or slightly winged.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Petals yellow, 4–8 mm. long, united at the base, obovate-oblong to obovate, sometimes emarginate.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Androecium Stamens
Stamens 7–12.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary ovoid; style short, with 3–6 subulate lobes.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule obovoid to ovoid, enveloped in the marcescent corolla, transversely dehiscent across the middle.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds many, c. 0·5 mm. in diam., dull black, reniform, bluntly verrucose-granulate.
[FZ]

Portulacaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:1. 1954

Morphology General Habit
Common annual ruderal, with spreading or prostrate succulent branches
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers bright yellow.
[FWTA]

Distribution
Biogeografic region: Amazonia, Andean, Guiana Shield, Caribbean, Orinoquia, Pacific. Elevation range: 0–2550 m a.s.l. Naturalised in Colombia. Colombian departments: Amazonas, Antioquia, Bogotá DC, Bolívar, Caquetá, Casanare, Chocó, Córdoba, Cundinamarca, Guainía, Guaviare, La Guajira, Magdalena, Meta, Nariño, Putumayo, San Andrés y Providencia, Tolima, Valle del Cauca.
Habit
Herb.
Conservation
IUCN Red List Assessment (2021): LC.
Ecology
Habitat according IUCN Habitats Classification: forest and woodland, savanna, shrubland, native grassland, wetlands (inland), artificial - terrestrial.
Vernacular
Anu wan u, Verdolaga
[UPFC]

Uses

Use
This species is widely eaten as a vegetable, and is also used in salads and as an ingredient of soup.
[Cayman]

Use Animal Food
Used as animal food.
Use Environmental
Environmental uses.
Use Gene Sources
Used as gene sources.
Use Food
Used for food.
Use Materials
Used as material.
Use Medicines
Medical uses.
Use Poisons
Poisons.
Use Social
Social uses.
[UPFC]

Common Names

English
Common purslane, Pigweed, Purslain, Purslane, Pusky, Pusley, Wild purslane

Sources

  • Angiosperm Extinction Risk Predictions v1

    • Angiosperm Threat Predictions
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0
  • Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora Zambesiaca

    • Flora Zambesiaca
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Somalia

    • Flora of Somalia
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Flora of the Cayman Islands

    • Flora of the Cayman Islands
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Herbarium Catalogue Specimens

    • Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • IUCN Categories

    • IUCN Red List of Threatened Species
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Kew Backbone Distributions

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone

    • The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants 2024. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and https://powo.science.kew.org/
    • © Copyright 2023 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Vascular Plants. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Kew Science Photographs

    • Copyright applied to individual images
  • Neotropikey

    • Milliken, W., Klitgard, B. and Baracat, A. (2009 onwards), Neotropikey - Interactive key and information resources for flowering plants of the Neotropics.
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0
  • Plants and People Africa

    • Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    • © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/
  • Universidad Nacional de Colombia

    • ColPlantA database
    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
  • Useful Plants and Fungi of Colombia

    • http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0